The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place

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The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2010, 10:07
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The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

[Reveal] Spoiler: Doubt
Can somebody tell me what is the problem with the modifier "saying ..." ? Is it because "saying..." in A incorrectly modifies "engine has sparked..." clause?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2010, 12:18
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msand wrote:
The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

I have chosen A. OA is :
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

Can somebody tell me what is the problem with the modifier "saying ..." ? Is it because "saying..." in A incorrectly modifies "engine has sparked..." clause?

Saying is modifying proposal, the subject
Saying should modify oil industry as in C
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2011, 12:37
a. one...chances???.W

b. right

c. it will???

d.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2011, 23:33
C is correct. 'which says' correctly modifies the oil industry.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2011, 23:46
+1 for C.

Proposal is singular. So have is out. B & E are out.

'to a counterattack' is wrong. D is out.

Use of 'ing' not preferable on GMAT. So A is out
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2013, 06:50
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msand wrote:
The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

[Reveal] Spoiler: Doubt
Can somebody tell me what is the problem with the modifier "saying ..." ? Is it because "saying..." in A incorrectly modifies "engine has sparked..." clause?

I have one small doubt , what is the difference between "on both" and "both on" phrases here ???

Are both equivalent ?
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2013, 22:20
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I have one small doubt , what is the difference between "on both" and "both on" phrases here ???
Are both equivalent ?

If you put the two phrases back to back it may be easier to tell the difference. "....restrictions on both ..." or "....restrictions both on ..." Does one sound more favorable than the other. In all honestly, I could see myself saying both but I went with A. Out of curiosity I looked up the usage of the word "both" and this is what I found.

Position of both

When both refers to the subject of a clause, it can go with the verb. It is put after auxiliary verbs and before other verbs. When there are two auxiliary verbs, both usually goes after the first.

They are both good.
We both want to go.
We have both been invited.
They have both gone home.

Note that these meanings can also be expressed by using the structure both (of) + noun/pronoun.

Both of them are good.
Both of us want to go.
Both of us have been invited.
Both of them have gone home.

Both … and … ------ The same kind of words or expressions usually follow both and and.

She is both beautiful and clever. (adjectives)
She both sings and dances. (verbs)

http://www.perfectyourenglish.com/usage/both.htm

I think the last concept describes what's going on in this question. We have the "both ... and.." construction. In the "both diesel fuel and diesel engines". Based on this, I think the "on both" is preferable to the "both on". When you have a prepositional phrase and the use of "both", you would say, "Bob went inside (on) both the airplane and helicopter" as opposed to "Bob went both inside (on) the airplane and helicopter."

Hope that helps.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2013, 06:04
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msand wrote:
The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

[Reveal] Spoiler: Doubt
Can somebody tell me what is the problem with the modifier "saying ..." ? Is it because "saying..." in A incorrectly modifies "engine has sparked..." clause?

msand,

, saying that.... is a present participle or ing modifier after comma

Rule: present participle or ing modifier after comma will always modify both the subject & verb of the preceding clause. So A has incorrect meaning..It seems as if proposal is saying......
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2014, 06:39
Excuse me, can anyone explain what is the difference between 'which says' and 'saying' in this sentence?
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2014, 09:38
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tinanguyen wrote:
Excuse me, can anyone explain what is the difference between 'which says' and 'saying' in this sentence?

Here Saying is modifying the proposal and it seems that the proposal is saying, which of course is incorrect
Which says correctly points to the Oil Industry, hence the correct option.

Does that clarify?
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2014, 18:04
in option A saying is followed by a comma and hence this must modify the whole clause. Saying does not modify the clause here and is wrong. So in C which says is the correct use
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2014, 03:32
msand wrote:
The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

[Reveal] Spoiler: Doubt
Can somebody tell me what is the problem with the modifier "saying ..." ? Is it because "saying..." in A incorrectly modifies "engine has sparked..." clause?

A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying - It modifies The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say - Proposal is singular
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying - It modifies The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says - Proposal is singular
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2015, 17:59
The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.

A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying

B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say

C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
"has" agree in number with subject "the proposal"
"which says" correctly modify oil industry

D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying

E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place [#permalink]

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28 May 2015, 18:18
msand wrote:
The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

[Reveal] Spoiler: Doubt
Can somebody tell me what is the problem with the modifier "saying ..." ? Is it because "saying..." in A incorrectly modifies "engine has sparked..." clause?

saying is a verb-ing modifier. With preceding comma, it modifies the preceding clause, i.e. 'The EPA's proposal to place restrictions on blah'. But did this clause action do the saying? NO. Oil industry did. Therefore, saying is wrong.
In B and E, they and it are ambiguous pronouns. Also were the oil industry sparked? NO.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2015, 21:51
msand wrote:
The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

[Reveal] Spoiler: Doubt
Can somebody tell me what is the problem with the modifier "saying ..." ? Is it because "saying..." in A incorrectly modifies "engine has sparked..." clause?

1) on both is correct - D and E are out.
2) proposal - singular - so needs has - B is out
3) proposal has sparked, saying - comma + Verb+ing modifier modifies entire clause, so did the proposal say something? No. Oil industry said. So A is out. Use either 'verb+ing modifier without comma' or use noun(or pronoun)-noun modifier. Which is correct.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place [#permalink]

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24 May 2016, 00:24
msand wrote:
The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

[Reveal] Spoiler: Doubt
Can somebody tell me what is the problem with the modifier "saying ..." ? Is it because "saying..." in A incorrectly modifies "engine has sparked..." clause?

Here in the above sentence "The environment Protection Agency's proposal" is singular, So this singular subject will take singular verb.
So,B and E is not possible

A is wrong because of wrong modifier usage
As we know comma+ Ving modifies previous clause, if placed after the clause but here as per the meaning of the sentence we need to modify industry
Hence A is out

D is wrong because of two reason
1st is parallelism
both on diesel fuel and on engines is correct not both on diesel fuel and engines
2nd is modifier issue. saying is wrongly modifying previous clause

Now C remains, Which after comma is clearly modifying industry
Hence C is correcr

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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place   [#permalink] 24 May 2016, 00:24
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