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The European Economic Community exported just under $400

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The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 03 Nov 2004, 21:16
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The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
B) the United States and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports

Can someone explain the errors in the 4 wrong answers .....

OA: C
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Re: SC-EEC [#permalink] New post 12 May 2011, 07:25
Confused between C and E. Went with E. What's wrong with E?
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Re: SC-EEC [#permalink] New post 13 May 2011, 13:25
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+1 C

Logical comparison:
EU exported vs. US exported vs. Japan did

In E, you are comparing countries vs. Japan's exports; it is not parallel.
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The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2011, 01:05
The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

(A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
(B) the United States' and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
(C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
(D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
(E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports


I chose E but now I see the faulty Parallelism.

I find questions such as this, involving comparisons of numbers, particularly challenging. How should I tackle such questions?

I saw the Thursdays with Ron video on this topic but it was under a different context. Can any expert elaborate and tell me an effective way to solve these kind of questions?

Please reply ASAP my test date is very near.
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Re: How to tackle questions like these? [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2011, 02:10
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There are three countries, EEC, the US and Japan whose exports are being compared. So we need three verbs overall and two in the underlined portion to keep their actions parallel. You will notice only choice C exhibits three verbs(they must be equal in form and function)
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2012, 10:17
(A) US did.. and Japan's export ..not parallel
(B) same as A
(C) correct usage of parallelism
(D) same as A what is not required
(E) nearly double change in meaning.. what is not required.
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 13 Apr 2012, 10:04
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Hi,
The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

Image

It is very important to identify the parallel list in the sentence (if it has any) and then to ascertain the nature if the entities in the parallel list. In this sentence, parallelism has been introduced as a way of comparison. The entities compared here are the “verb” entities EEC “exported”… more than the US “did”. Till here the parallelism is fine because these two entities are parallel. But, the third entity “Japan’s exports” violates this rule because this entity is a noun phrase.
Since the first entity is that is in “verb” lies in the non-underlined portion of the sentence, we need all the three entities in the “verb” form.

With this understanding, when we perform the PoE, choices A, D, and E are eliminated. In choice B, the second and the third entities are now the noun phrases and hence choice B is incorrect. This leaves us with choice C which is the correct answer because it maintains the parallelism as all the three entities in the list are verb now.

Hope this helps.
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2012, 19:49
nitya34 wrote:
The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

(A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
(B) the United States' and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
(C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
(D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
(E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports

Posted earlier in Oct 2008

Lets discuss :)
Source : GMAT Paper test 42

we need to make sure anything dealing with Japan and United States is the same "tier" level (same thing being compared) as "European Economic Community."

cross out a, d, b

there is a parallelism issue with E ("japanese exports")

leaves C.
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 14 May 2012, 22:50
akhileshgupta05 wrote:
The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

(A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
(B) the United States' and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
(C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
(D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
(E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports


I chose E but now I see the faulty Parallelism.

I find questions such as this, involving comparisons of numbers, particularly challenging. How should I tackle such questions?

I saw the Thursdays with Ron video on this topic but it was under a different context. Can any expert elaborate and tell me an effective way to solve these kind of questions?

Please reply ASAP my test date is very near.



Can anyone please explain this in detail..Thanks in advance.
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 14 May 2012, 23:53
when you are going to make any sort of comparison, we should compare something with exactly the same generic type, for e.g. Noun with noun, verb with verb, person with person.

But, most often, we do the opposite.

What did the question really want to expressed?
Think and answer it .
The ans is that EU exported more than that of both Japan and US.
We can re-arrange the sentence as ' EU exported more than the US did or exported and twice as much as the Japan did.

Hope you got it.

Suggestion: take time and vaporise each SC of OG and ask yourself why this is the ans instead of that. Why? Why?

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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 14 May 2012, 23:56
sorry for some typo mistake.
Option E distorted the original meaning of the SC.

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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 15 May 2012, 04:10
I think one more reason to eliminate options A, B, and D is usage of possessive noun form. EEC exports should be compared with US Exports and Japan Exports. However, the possessive nouns violates this condition. The modifiers should properly modify exports therefore we cannot use US's or Japan's.

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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 17 May 2012, 20:15
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Eliminate the options that have "double" as much as, the right form is "twice as much as"

We are left with 3 options.

Of these the split is "Japanese did/Japan's exports"

To maintain parallel structure you need a verb after Japan and after United States

Clearly only one option describes this.

Pick this option

Option C


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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 09 Jun 2012, 13:35
The answer is C because the following marked as bold are parallel(past tense).

The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States exported and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports did.

Here, "exported" is in parallel with "did" and they are interchangeable after the first instance of "exported".
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 09 Jun 2012, 13:56
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3/2 split right in the beginning. Yes! Eliminate D&E.

A - Eliminate. Not parallel.
B - Eliminate from United States'
C - Well this is all we're left with so let's go with it if we are rushed for time or review it if not. After a review, it seems to work fine.

Answer is C.
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2013, 04:38
The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

(A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
(B) the United States' and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
(C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
(D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
(E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports

C for correct parallelism
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Re: SC-EEC [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2013, 05:55
hacker wrote:
The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

(A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports - US did.. and Japan's export ..not parallel
(B) the United States' and nearly double what the Japanese exports were - same as A
(C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did - correct usage of parallelism(D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports - same as A asn what is not required(E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports - nearly double change in meaning.. what is not required.



Thank you Hacker! That was a very simple clear explanation of the solution- I had chosen E initially because I felt " than what..." was essential to convery the comparison being made. Now it makes a lot more sense, thanks to the above :) .

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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2013, 06:47
crackgmat04 wrote:
The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
B) the United States and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports



Rule tested here is parallelism on export done by 3 countries/communities. Non-underlined part "European Economic Community exported" need to be parallel to those in the underlined part.

A) "European Economic Community exported", "United States did", and "Japan's exports" are not parallel.
B) "European Economic Community exported", "United States", and "Japanese exports were" are not parallel. Export of EEC is compared with US and not export of US.
C) "European Economic Community exported", "United States exported", and "Japanese did" are parallel. Correct.
D) "European Economic Community exported", "United States did", and "Japan's exports" are not parallel.
E) "European Economic Community exported", "United States exported", and "Japanese exports" are not parallel.

Correct answer is C.
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2013, 06:51
All duplicate posts on the topic "The European Economic Community exported just under $400" are merged.
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 16 Apr 2013, 10:00
I will go for C.

The comparison is among exports from European Community, US and Japan. This comparison should come in parallel form. "Japan's export" distorts the parallelism here.

C only maintains the required parallelism.
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 [#permalink] New post 18 Apr 2013, 19:10
crackgmat04 wrote:
The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
B) the United States and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports

Can someone explain the errors in the 4 wrong answers .....

OA: C


Here is my approach:

the correct idiom as much as is only used in A, C and D so that eliminates B and E.
Also a subtle form of comparison is expressed by the sentence where it compares the "exports" by the EEC to that of the US and Japan. As the sentence uses a passive voice we need a past tense verb that will provide a logical comparison to exported which is correctly indicated by the verb did in C. Also A and E uses Japan's, a possessive form which is incorrect. This indicates that Japan the country exported something and not the Japanese people. So final answer C.

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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400   [#permalink] 18 Apr 2013, 19:10
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