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# The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense

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The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2012, 12:46
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The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense investigation; in addition to the possible holding of small quantities in subsurface deposits and deep pits, the planet is also expected to retain large amounts of water in its polar ice caps.

(A) in addition to the possible holding of small quantities in subsurface deposits and deep pits
(B) in addition to the possibility to hold small quantities in subsurface deposits and deep pits
(C) besides the possibility that it holds small quantities in subsurface deposits or deep pits
(D) besides possibly holding small quantities in subsurface deposits or deep pits
(E) beside possibly holding small quantities in subsurface deposits or deep pits
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2012, 19:45
hey can you please tel us the source of this question?
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2012, 20:33
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The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense investigation; in addition to the possible holding of small quantities in subsurface deposits and deep pits, the planet is also expected to retain large amounts of water in its polar ice caps.

(A) in addition to the possible holding of small quantities in subsurface deposits and deep pits
(B) in addition to the possibility to hold small quantities in subsurface deposits and deep pits
(C) besides the possibility that it holds small quantities in subsurface deposits or deep pits
(D) besides possibly holding small quantities in subsurface deposits or deep pits
(E) beside possibly holding small quantities in subsurface deposits or deep pits

Yes. Please do mention the source.
A and B are incorrect because of misplaced modifier. The not underlined part is the ",the planet...". Hence the underlined part must modify the planet. But how could "in addition to possible holding" and "in addition to the possibility".
C is incorrect and could have been correct only if the not underlined part also talked about of another possibility.
E is incorrect because it incorrectly uses "beside" which means to set aside.

+1 D.
Hope that helps.
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For more such type of modifier questions, please see:
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2012, 22:49
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Jp27 wrote:
hey can you please tel us the source of this question?

Sure, it's GoGMAT question
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2012, 23:28
Jp27 wrote:
hey can you please tel us the source of this question?

Sure, it's GoGMAT question

very good question. this is modeled from another gmat prep question. Lots of take ways here +1 to u
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2012, 12:40
I'd like to understand is holding here a gerund?
"besides possibly holding small quantities in subsurface deposits or deep pits"
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2012, 12:53
I'd like to understand is holding here a gerund?
"besides possibly holding small quantities in subsurface deposits or deep pits"

I think it's being used as an adjective modifying "the planet"

for example : Holding the handrails, jake walked down the snow filled stairwell.

HTH

Cheers
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2012, 13:01
Jp27 wrote:
I'd like to understand is holding here a gerund?
"besides possibly holding small quantities in subsurface deposits or deep pits"

I think it's being used as an adjective modifying "the planet"

for example : Holding the handrails, jake walked down the snow filled stairwell.

HTH

Cheers

Now I see, you mean it is a participle very well
thnx
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2013, 10:22
how can the OA be D? it changes the intended meaning of the sentence by replacing 'and' with 'or'.

Am I missing something obvious here?

Also, does the phrase 'the planet is also expected to retain large amounts of water' imply that the planet does not currently retain the water? should it not read 'it is expected that the planet retains large amounts of water' ?

I'm a little confused on this one. Maybe Mars is entering a new Ice Age
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2014, 21:12
Is there anything grammatically wrong with option C?
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2014, 21:12
Is there anything grammatically wrong with option C?
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2014, 07:40
brianboru03 wrote:
how can the OA be D? it changes the intended meaning of the sentence by replacing 'and' with 'or'.
"Or" is definitely correct here--it's more logical. We're discussing possibilities of water, after all. Unless water in subsurface deposits somehow necessitates that water also be in deep pits, then we're looking for water in one location, the other, or both--not necessarily in the first location and the second.

brianboru03 wrote:
Also, does the phrase 'the planet is also expected to retain large amounts of water' imply that the planet does not currently retain the water? should it not read 'it is expected that the planet retains large amounts of water' ?

I'm a little confused on this one. Maybe Mars is entering a new Ice Age
Here, the phrase "expected to" really means "expected to [be proven to]..." That is to say, the expectation refers to future scientific evidence establishing the current state. For that reason, the present tense is acceptable. This level of idiomatic omission is never going to be tested in the underlined portion on the GMAT--but it's definitely correct for the non-underlined portion.

Hope this helps!
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2015, 23:22
Could someone show light on options B,C and D?

I am confused here.. I felt B was good... I felt "in addition to the possibility to hold" goes well with "expected to retain". Also, I felt planet has the possibility to hold and thought "in addition to the possibility to hold" modifies planet. If not, then what it modifies then?

In C, "besides the possibility that it holds small quantities", doesn't IT modifies the planet? If so, it should be correct...

In D, I need further clear explanation..

Why in "addition to" in not preferred over "besides" here?

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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2016, 12:09
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2016, 08:42
hard and good question.
to fully understand this question, we need to understand of doing as participle.
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2016, 12:32
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I do not think the use of in addition to or besides is a real split here. After all, both are synonymous and interchangeable. Secondly, in structure, all the five choices are modifiers, legally modifying the planet. Hence, there is no issue about modification.

The issue whether it should be in both the locations or in any one of them is of little relevance since the focus of the text is to probe whether water ever exists on the planet at ll.

Therefore, the problem lies in the idiomatic description of the modifier itself.

There are five distinct choices for us to tackle now.
1. the possible holding of – the possible holding is unidiomatic
2. the possibility to hold – unidiomatic
3. the possibility that it holds – I can’t find anything wrong with this noun + noun modifier
4. possibly holding – This is also good enough.
5. beside possibly holding – beside is wrong diction in the context.

I would think that the problem with this question is that they are two correct expressions as in both C and D unless one would stand to say that D is preferable because it is less wordy. Anyway skating on very thin ice.
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2016, 08:41
The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense investigation; in addition to the possible holding of small quantities in subsurface deposits and deep pits, the planet is also expected to retain large amounts of water in its polar ice caps.

(A) in addition to the possible holding of small quantities in subsurface deposits and deep pits
(B) in addition to the possibility to hold small quantities in subsurface deposits and deep pits
(C) besides the possibility that it holds small quantities in subsurface deposits or deep pits
(D) besides possibly holding small quantities in subsurface deposits or deep pits
(E) beside possibly holding small quantities in subsurface deposits or deep pits

Why option C is incorrect here?
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Re: The existence of water on Mars has been the focus of intense   [#permalink] 11 Feb 2016, 08:41
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