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The expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious

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The expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2012, 09:03
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Question Stats:

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The expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious impact to industrialized nations and severely diminish the possibility to have an economy free of inflation.
(A) be a serious impact to industrialized nations and severely diminish the possibility to have
(B) seriously impact on industrialized nations and severely impede the possibility to have
(C) seriously impact on industrialized nations and severely impede the possibility of having
(D) have a serious impact on industrialized nations and severely impede the possibility to have
(E) have a serious impact on industrialized nations and severely diminish the possibility of having


D&E ?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2012, 09:56
Ankit04041987 wrote:
The expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious impact to industrialized nations and severely diminish the possibility to have an economy free of inflation.
(A) be a serious impact to industrialized nations and severely diminish the possibility to have
(B) seriously impact on industrialized nations and severely impede the possibility to have
(C) seriously impact on industrialized nations and severely impede the possibility of having
(D) have a serious impact on industrialized nations and severely impede the possibility to have
(E) have a serious impact on industrialized nations and severely diminish the possibility of having


D&E ?

'seriously impact on' is not correct usage.
It should be 'seriously impact industrialized nations'.
Therefore B and C are incorrect.

A has a problem because the sentences uses 'serious impact to'. It should be 'serious impact on'.

Between D and E, the 'possibility of' is the correct usage. Hence E is right.

I believe the best option is 1 below
1) could seriously impact industrialized nations and could severely diminish/impede or
Since we don't have that option 2) works.
2) could have a serious impact on nations and could severely diminish

The usage of have might be confusing but it is the best choice we are left with.
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Re: The expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2012, 11:01
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Between D and E

D) have a serious impact on industrialized nations and severely impede the possibility to have ---- impede means to obstruct, hinder , block , The meaning is changed – possibility to have is unidiomatic
(E) have a serious impact on industrialized nations and severely diminish the possibility of having--- diminish means to reduce, the right intent. Possibility of having is idiomatic

So E
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Re: The expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2015, 08:21
the expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious
impact to industrialized nations and severely diminish
the possibility to have
an economy free of inflation.
(A) be a serious impact to industrialized nations
and severely diminish the possibility to have
(B) seriously impact on industrialized nations and
severely impede the possibility to have
(C) seriously impact on industrialized nations and
severely impede the possibility of having
(D) have a serious impact on industrialized nations
and severely impede the possibility to have
(E) have a serious impact on industrialized nations
and severely diminish the possibility of having

Solution says that correct answer is E. I would request someone to explain how use of having is justified.

Thanks!
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Re: The expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2015, 08:24
kusha25 wrote:
the expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious
impact to industrialized nations and severely diminish
the possibility to have
an economy free of inflation.
(A) be a serious impact to industrialized nations
and severely diminish the possibility to have
(B) seriously impact on industrialized nations and
severely impede the possibility to have
(C) seriously impact on industrialized nations and
severely impede the possibility of having
(D) have a serious impact on industrialized nations
and severely impede the possibility to have
(E) have a serious impact on industrialized nations
and severely diminish the possibility of having

Solution says that correct answer is E. I would request someone to explain how use of having is justified.

Thanks!


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Re: The expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2015, 11:02
can someone explain how "have a serious impact" and "severely impede" are parallel?
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Re: The expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2015, 15:30
kusha25 wrote:
Solution says that correct answer is E. I would request someone to explain how use of having is justified.

rishabchoraria wrote:
can someone explain how "have a serious impact" and "severely impede" are parallel?

Dear kusha25 & rishabchoraria,
I'm happy to respond. :-) This is an OK question, not really the high quality as a GMAT SC practice question. At least it has one perfectly clear and unambiguous answer.

Here is the question again:
The expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious impact to industrialized nations and severely diminish the possibility to have an economy free of inflation.
(A) be a serious impact to industrialized nations and severely diminish the possibility to have
(B) seriously impact on industrialized nations and severely impede the possibility to have
(C) seriously impact on industrialized nations and severely impede the possibility of having
(D) have a serious impact on industrialized nations and severely impede the possibility to have
(E) have a serious impact on industrialized nations and severely diminish the possibility of having

The clear answer is (E).

Choice (D) is wrong because of the idiom mistake at the end. The "possibility to have" is idiomatically incorrect. What we would say in English is the "possibility of having." Also, "diminish the possibility" sounds more natural than "impede the possibility."

Now, rishabchoraria's question betrays a fundamental and very common misunderstanding about parallelism. Two verbs can be in parallel, particularly if they share the same subject, as they do here. Two verbs in parallel simply have to be full verbs, correct in SVA. They don't need to match in any other way. It doesn't matter if one has adverbs and the other doesn't. They don't even have to be the same tense. See:
https://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gram ... rb-tenses/
"have a serious impact" ==> "have" is a full verb
"severely impede" ===> "impede" is a full verb
Right there, we are done. Two full verbs, so the parallelism is legitimate. Students get into all kinds of trouble because they feel they have to overmatch two things in parallel, and that's just not the case.

Here is a set of free GMAT idiom flashcards that you might find helpful:
https://gmat.magoosh.com/flashcards/idioms

Here's a high quality GMAT SC practice question:
http://gmat.magoosh.com/questions/3597

Mike :-)
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Re: The expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2015, 21:06
kusha25 wrote:
the expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious
impact to industrialized nations and severely diminish
the possibility to have
an economy free of inflation.
(A) be a serious impact to industrialized nations
and severely diminish the possibility to have
(B) seriously impact on industrialized nations and
severely impede the possibility to have
(C) seriously impact on industrialized nations and
severely impede the possibility of having
(D) have a serious impact on industrialized nations
and severely impede the possibility to have
(E) have a serious impact on industrialized nations
and severely diminish the possibility of having

Solution says that correct answer is E. I would request someone to explain how use of having is justified.

Thanks!


We look for a noun after "possibility of ..."
e.g. possibility of an earthquake...

The -ing form of the verb can be used as present participle or as a gerund (looks like a verb but functions as a noun)

Here, 'having ...' works as a gerund and hence the sentence is fine.

Note that "impede" means to hinder or obstruct. How can someone impede the possibility of something? One can decrease the possibility (of say, success) by impeding some action.
Possibility can be increased or decreased, not impeded.

Hence, (E) is correct.
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Re: The expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious   [#permalink] 28 Jul 2015, 21:06
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