The question asks us to identify the author's reason for believing that German
reunification could succeed. According to the last sentence of the passage,
"[reunification] would have been preposterous had not West Germany possessed the
resources to accomplish the task." In other words, West Germany was prosperous
enough to afford this major undertaking.
(A) The correct principal reason for success does not include attributes of East
(B) The correct principal reason for success does not include attributes of East
(C) Although this point is made in the passage, it is not the reason given for
(D) This is not the reason given in the last sentence for reunification's success.
(E) CORRECT. This choice reflects the information we were looking for: the country
was "materially stable," or prosperous enough, to succeed.
The question asks us to identify the reason that the author mentions the United
States in the passage. In the third paragraph, the author asks whether West
Germany was "up to the task" of re-unification. This is followed by the example of
Italy as a government that does spend the necessary resources to help its
underperforming regions. Then, the author mentions the United States as a
counterexample with negative overtones: "In contrast, in the United States, the local
population bears the burden of varying economic performance. For example, the
American South is allowed to exist with much higher rates of poverty and lower
education than the rest of the nation." [Emphasis added.]
The use of the word "allowed" suggests that the author does not approve of the
situation in the United States. Further, the very next paragraph begins . . ."Rather
than allow East Germany to fall into total disrepair . . . " as if to further contrast the
German government with that of the United States.
(A) The passage in general does not argue against any commonly held beliefs,
including the specific example about the United States. (B) CORRECT. This choice echoes our above analysis: the author views the
situation cited as "undesirable."
(C) The author disapproves of the cited example, so he would not offer it as a
possible advantageous solution to Germany's reunification.
(D) The passage does not call the principle into question; rather, the author indicates
disapproval of this particular approach.
(E) The author disapproves of the cited example; he would not offer it as a positive
The question asks us to identify the purpose of the first paragraph: what role does it
play in the context of the passage as a whole? The first paragraph presents historical
information about the relationship between East and West Germany. This
information is given as background to the subsequent paragraphs. We need to find
an answer choice that is consistent with this analysis.
(A) The relationship between East and West Germany is not merely one example of
a much larger general theory; the passage is about this specific circumstance.
(B) The passage does not seek to alter or revise a commonly held view, either in the
first paragraph or elsewhere.
(C) CORRECT. The first paragraph presents the background information necessary
to understand the claims made in the rest of the passage.
(D) The first paragraph does not raise questions; it provides facts as to the
relationship between East and West Germany at a specific point in time.
(E) The first paragraph does not provide two opposing points of view.
The question asks us to infer something from the passage regarding the relationship
between West Germany and France. The passage notes that countries were "wary
of a united Germany" and next mentions that France, "a perpetual competitor, saw
Germany’s size advantage increase overnight." We need to find an answer choice
that can be deduced from this information alone; we cannot conclude too much. If
France is wary of Germany's impending larger size, then France must also be
worried that it will be negatively impacted by the change.
(A) The above information tells us nothing about the relative stabilities of the two
(B) The above information does not tell us the entire history of the relative GDPs of
the two countries. "Always" is too extreme.
(C) The above information does not mention either population or international trade
with respect to the two countries' economies.
(D) CORRECT. If France does not view its relative economic position as immutable,
or unable to be changed, then it is sensible for the country to worry that it might be
negatively impacted by the changes in Germany.
that West Germany specifically planned to
bolster its position over that of France.
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