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The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of

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The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of [#permalink] New post 08 Dec 2007, 03:05
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The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments were established to ensure that patients must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would evaluate the experiments before it was concluded.

a) must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would

b) must be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel

c) are warned about potential risks and that an independent panel

d) will be warned about potential risks and an independent panel would

e) would be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel would


Please provide a grammatical explanation when choosing your answer.

regards,

Last edited by tarek99 on 09 Dec 2007, 00:07, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: SC: Federal Rules [#permalink] New post 08 Dec 2007, 12:57
tarek99 wrote:
The deferal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments were established to ensure that patients must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would evaluate the experiemtns before it was concluded.

a) must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would

b) must be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel

c) are warned about potential risks and that an independent panel

d) will be warned about potential risks and an independent panel would

e) would be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel would


Please provide a grammatical explanation when choosing your answer.

regards,


This is a parallelism test question.

a. must be warned ... is not parallel with ..would; it's missing a second "that" before "an independent panel"
b. the present tense does not agree with the past tense used in the rest of the sentence
c. same as b. "that patient would be warned" is parallele with "that an independent panel would" , and they are gree with "was concluded" - the past tense.
d. future tense does not agree with the past tense in the rest of the sentence
e. Is correct.
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Re: SC: Federal Rules [#permalink] New post 08 Dec 2007, 13:04
tarek99 wrote:
The deferal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments were established to ensure that patients must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would evaluate the experiemtns before it was concluded.

a) must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would


b) must be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel

c) are warned about potential risks and that an independent panel

d) will be warned about potential risks and an independent panel would

e) would be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel would


Please provide a grammatical explanation when choosing your answer.

regards,


I guess only B and E are parallel .
I would rather chose B because "would" in E creates a possibility . its established that ( patients....and indenpendent panel )
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 [#permalink] New post 08 Dec 2007, 16:30
OA is E. but i have a question. is "are warned" present or past tense?? i do know it's passive, but how should this be interperated exactly?
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Re: SC: Federal Rules [#permalink] New post 08 Dec 2007, 17:43
tarek99 wrote:
The deferal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments were established to ensure that patients must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would evaluate the experiemtns before it was concluded.

a) must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would

b) must be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel

c) are warned about potential risks and that an independent panel

d) will be warned about potential risks and an independent panel would

e) would be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel would


Please provide a grammatical explanation when choosing your answer.

regards,


The problem with answer b is that the verbs "must be warned" and "evaluate" are in present tense, while the federal rules were established (in the past), and the last part "before it was concluded" require that all verbs in the sentence must be in past or past perfect tense.


"are warned" is the present passive voice; "were warned" is the past passive voice, and "will be warned" is the future passive voice
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 [#permalink] New post 09 Dec 2007, 00:11
thanks a lot tnguyen707. you really cleared my doubts. it makes perfect sense now why E is the correct answer. thanks
  [#permalink] 09 Dec 2007, 00:11
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