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The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at

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The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2007, 17:21
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The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.

A. shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days
B. shots that was sent by swift messenger took four days in order to reach New York City, and also another eleven days
C. shots that were sent by swift messenger took four days to reach New York City and another eleven days
D. shots took four days by swift messenger in order to reach New York City and another eleven days in addition
E. shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2007, 17:36
b/w B and E...E is concise although 'four days by swift messenger' looks a bit awkward.
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2007, 18:26
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E.

The news were sent by the messanger, not the bullets. Therefore, 'which and that' following 'shots' must be elimanated for incorrect modification.

That leaves D and E.

I assume the underlined portion ends at 'eleven days'. Regardless, E is parallel.

E.
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2007, 18:46
Good question
Between D and E. Go with E, clear and short.
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2007, 18:57
E is succinct and clear. Wrong answers have redundant words like

"in order to" -> to
"another additional" -> another or additional

Also which was not correctly used in original sentence hence it needed change but rest of choices introduced other errors.
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink] New post 03 Apr 2012, 17:13
A- which is wrong
B-hmmm
C-better than b
D-in order?? i question that
E- Most concise
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink] New post 04 Apr 2012, 05:17
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Concision is certainly one of the factors but not the sole factor. Here in this case we can see how others are technically wrong.

A. shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days ------- 1.wrong modification of the pronoun ‘which’ 2. News is singular and the plural verb ‘were’ is SV mismatch 3. Awful redundancy of another, additional etc

B. shots that was sent by swift messenger took four days in order to reach New York City, and also another eleven days --- 1 wrong modification by using the restrictive ‘that’ 2. Redundancy in ‘also another’

C. shots that were sent by swift messenger took four days to reach New York City and another eleven days ---- 1, same modification problem as in B 2. Additionally, ‘news’ and ‘were’ – SV mismatch

D. shots took four days by swift messenger in order to reach New York City and another eleven days in addition ---- 1. redundancy of another and in addition 2. unnecessary use of ‘in order’

E. shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days—avoids all the grammatical errors and of course is also concise
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink] New post 08 Oct 2013, 17:19
I do understand the issue with was/were. However, Can you help me understand why a restrictive (that) and a non-restrictive (which ) modifier cannot be used?
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink] New post 12 Nov 2013, 12:09
stevegt wrote:
The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.

A. shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days
B. shots that was sent by swift messenger took four days in order to reach New York City, and also another eleven days
C. shots that were sent by swift messenger took four days to reach New York City and another eleven days
D. shots took four days by swift messenger in order to reach New York City and another eleven days in addition
E. shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days



+1 for E :)

Which / that - problem in A, B & C (news not shots)

E is smart compare to D. ("in order to" is clumsy )
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink] New post 12 Jan 2014, 09:11
I am convinced that E is the right answer though not clear about one aspect of E -
It seems as if the news was sent to only New York by a swift messenger.
(shots took only four days by a swift messenger to reach New York city and another eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina)
Cant this be classified as an instance of meaning change?

Could someone please explain? Really scared to get such basic questions wrong if they show up on the exam :|
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink] New post 12 Jan 2014, 09:47
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ashutoshr wrote:
I am convinced that E is the right answer though not clear about one aspect of E -
It seems as if the news was sent to only New York by a swift messenger.
(shots took only four days by a swift messenger to reach New York city and another eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina)
Cant this be classified as an instance of meaning change?

Could someone please explain? Really scared to get such basic questions wrong if they show up on the exam :|


I will tell you a simple trick.
:idea: When reading a long sentence, remove prepositional phrases, modifiers and parenthetical elements to understand diction, parallelism, clauses etc.

Also marking SV pairs.

The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.

The simple translation of the sentence is the first shots were heard around the world, but news of these shots took four days to reach New York and another eleven days to reach Charleston
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink] New post 12 Jan 2014, 17:31
Hi Siva,
That is a useful trick, but I am still not clear about how such a meaning change was permitted in an offical answer -

The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.
(Original Sentence)

vs.

The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.

Any thoughts?

Thanks...
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink] New post 12 Jan 2014, 19:53
ashutoshr wrote:
Hi Siva,
That is a useful trick, but I am still not clear about how such a meaning change was permitted in an offical answer -

The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.
(Original Sentence)

vs.

The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.

Any thoughts?

Thanks...


The first sentence means that the shots were sent by the messenger (which always modifies the noun preceding it - always true on GMAT.)
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink] New post 17 Aug 2014, 05:24
stevegt wrote:
The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.

A. shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days
B. shots that was sent by swift messenger took four days in order to reach New York City, and also another eleven days
C. shots that were sent by swift messenger took four days to reach New York City and another eleven days
D. shots took four days by swift messenger in order to reach New York City and another eleven days in addition
E. shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days




A is clearly out due to the modifier WHICH modifying SHOTS
B is a bit wordy
C has a Subject Verb error "were" relating to "Shots"
D Wordy again
E Just about perfect.
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink] New post 17 Aug 2014, 05:27
Quantumdigitz wrote:
I do understand the issue with was/were. However, Can you help me understand why a restrictive (that) and a non-restrictive (which ) modifier cannot be used?


NEWS OF THE SHOTS - Here we are talking about the NEWS. That is singular. "were" is used in a plural context.

WHICH - relates part to whole (bananas, which are high in potassium, are kept in the fridge)
THAT - relates to a subset of a group. (Bananas that i kept in the fridge have gone bad).. more specific.
Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at   [#permalink] 17 Aug 2014, 05:27
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