Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 27 Jul 2015, 19:34
GMAT Club Tests

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 18 Sep 2011
Posts: 13
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 27 [1] , given: 5

The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an [#permalink] New post 22 Jan 2013, 04:02
1
This post received
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

59% (01:41) correct 41% (00:45) wrong based on 249 sessions
The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
A. which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
B. an event that renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
C. and renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
D. renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
E. renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

I couldn't eliminate (B). Can anyone explain why (B) is incorrect?

Many thanks.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Expert Post
3 KUDOS received
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Status: Preparing for the another shot...!
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1422
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Followers: 150

Kudos [?]: 837 [3] , given: 62

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday ... [#permalink] New post 22 Jan 2013, 06:10
3
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
supratim7 wrote:
The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
A. which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
B. an event that renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
C. and renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
D. renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
E. renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

I couldn't eliminate (B). Can anyone explain why (B) is incorrect?

Many thanks.

Nice question.
Only B and E are grammatically correct and show the necessary cause-effect relationship.
The error in B is that its not clear what "an event" refers to: is it being caught off guard or the unexpected drop.
E implies the same meaning but without any ambiguity.
Regards.
_________________

Prepositional Phrases Clarified|Elimination of BEING| Absolute Phrases Clarified
Rules For Posting
www.Univ-Scholarships.com

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 18 Sep 2011
Posts: 13
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 5

Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday ... [#permalink] New post 22 Jan 2013, 06:24
Thank you Marcab!!
very tricky indeed :-D
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 19 Jan 2013
Posts: 31
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 19

Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an [#permalink] New post 03 Mar 2013, 17:04
Hi Marcab,

The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
E. renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

I am not too convinced that this is the correct answer.

Can you please explain how it can be correct?
You can't say
The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
because it won't be correct to swap the phrases and say
Renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States, the fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May

I thought if you use a comma + "ing", you should be able to swap the sentences and they should still make sense.

Wouldn't the correct answer be The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
- without the comma before renewing????

Thanks
Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Status: Preparing for the another shot...!
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1422
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Followers: 150

Kudos [?]: 837 [1] , given: 62

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an [#permalink] New post 03 Mar 2013, 19:06
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
gmatprep1982 wrote:
Hi Marcab,

The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
E. renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

I am not too convinced that this is the correct answer.

Can you please explain how it can be correct?
You can't say
The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
because it won't be correct to swap the phrases and say
Renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States, the fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May

I thought if you use a comma + "ing", you should be able to swap the sentences and they should still make sense.

Wouldn't the correct answer be The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
- without the comma before renewing????

Thanks

Hii
The meaning of {clause + ",", "verbing"} is different from {clause + "verbing"}. In the former case, the verbing modifier modifies the entire clause whereas in the latter case the verbing modifier modifies just the last word of the preceding clause.
Hope that helps.
_________________

Prepositional Phrases Clarified|Elimination of BEING| Absolute Phrases Clarified
Rules For Posting
www.Univ-Scholarships.com

Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 626
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Leadership
Schools: HBS '16
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41
GPA: 3.3
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 119 [0], given: 278

CAT Tests
Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an [#permalink] New post 23 Jun 2013, 22:22
Marcab,

This is the answer from the question Bank, from where I actually posted this question,

Solution:
This problem tests your ability to distinguish between different types of modifiers. The underlined portion in the original stimulus is a relative clause because it begins with the relative pronoun “which.” A relative clause modifier must be immediately adjacent to the noun it modifies. Because it doesn’t make sense to modify “May,” answer (A) is incorrect.


Option (B) is an appositive modifier, but again, there is no noun it is renaming, so this construction is also incorrect.

Choice (C) applies the main subject “fragile markets” to the verb “renewed,” implying that the fragile markets themselves renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery. This changes the meaning of the sentence and therefore should be eliminated.

Answer (D) eliminates the subject attached to the verb “renewed” and therefore renders the sentence incoherent.


Option (E) correctly uses a participial modifier (“renewing concerns…”) at the end of the sentence to show that it modifies the action of the entire previous clause. Only a participial modifier (using a verb that typically ends in –ing or –ed) can function in this position.


Still I can't understand the explanations- B,C,D and E.
_________________

Like my post Send me a Kudos :) It is a Good manner.
My Debrief: how-to-score-750-and-750-i-moved-from-710-to-189016.html

VP
VP
User avatar
Status: Far, far away!
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 1125
Location: Italy
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
Followers: 146

Kudos [?]: 1444 [0], given: 219

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an [#permalink] New post 23 Jun 2013, 23:52
Hi trafficspinners , lets see if I can help you here

The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

C. and renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
C is not correct beacuse the structure of the sentence would look like:
"The fragile markets were caught" "and renewed concerns". This is a logic error as the subject for the second verb is not "the markets" but the "drop".

D has a similar problem: the structure is very unclear. But now we arrive at the real deal: B vs E

E is wrong because it does not use the "COMMA + ING" modifier correctly. It is true that this form of modifer shows the consequences of the preceding clause, it adds info,... BUT it must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause as well.

The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States
. It seems that the markets renewed the concern => wrong becasue the drop did that, not the markets. If you wanna know more about this topic refer here: usage-of-verb-ing-modifiers-135220.html#p1101074

I am not sure of the explanation given for point B "there is no noun it is renaming??". This is an official question that has a similar structure: in-1713-alexander-pope-began-his-translation-of-the-illiad-65410.html. "a work" refer to "the translation" in that question.
With this said if I have to pick an answer I would choose B. I do not think it is ambiguos as "an event" (just like in the official question) refers to the fact that "markets were caught off-guard by a drop".

This question has a more than debatable OA, I would suggest you to practice on official questions as much as you can.

Hope this helps
_________________

It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.

Kant , Critique of Pure Reason

Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop
Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant

Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b]

Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 626
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Leadership
Schools: HBS '16
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41
GPA: 3.3
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 119 [0], given: 278

CAT Tests
Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an [#permalink] New post 23 Jun 2013, 23:57
Zarrolou wrote:
Hi trafficspinners , lets see if I can help you here

The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

C. and renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
C is not correct beacuse the structure of the sentence would look like:
"The fragile markets were caught" "and renewed concerns". This is a logic error as the subject for the second verb is not "the markets" but the "drop".

D has a similar problem: the structure is very unclear. But now we arrive at the real deal: B vs E

E is wrong because it does not use the "COMMA + ING" modifier correctly. It is true that this form of modifer shows the consequences of the preceding clause, it adds info,... BUT it must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause as well.

The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States
. It seems that the markets renewed the concern => wrong becasue the drop did that, not the markets. If you wanna know more about this topic refer here: usage-of-verb-ing-modifiers-135220.html#p1101074

I am not sure of the explanation given for point B "there is no noun it is renaming??". This is an official question that has a similar structure: in-1713-alexander-pope-began-his-translation-of-the-illiad-65410.html. "a work" refer to "the translation" in that question.
With this said if I have to pick an answer I would choose B. I do not think it is ambiguos as "an event" (just like in the official question) refers to the fact that "markets were caught off-guard by a drop".

This question has a more than debatable OA, I would suggest you to practice on official questions as much as you can.

Hope this helps


Thanks I will ponder over the answer and try to grab the Concept.
_________________

Like my post Send me a Kudos :) It is a Good manner.
My Debrief: how-to-score-750-and-750-i-moved-from-710-to-189016.html

HKUST Thread Master
avatar
Joined: 13 Dec 2011
Posts: 54
GPA: 4
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 39 [0], given: 98

Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2014, 06:09
May be someone from the eGMAT can throw some light on this question. Option B would be a perfect case for Noun Modifier explanation as mentioned in Section 3 in this link http://gmatclub.com/forum/noun-noun-modifiers-the-most-versatile-modifier-137292.html
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 Aug 2013
Posts: 101
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
Schools: Insead '14, ISB '15
GMAT Date: 08-28-2014
GPA: 3.86
WE: Supply Chain Management (Manufacturing)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 23

The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2014, 19:12
supratim7 wrote:
The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
A. which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
B. an event that renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
C. and renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
D. renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
E. renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

I couldn't eliminate (B). Can anyone explain why (B) is incorrect?

Many thanks.


Correct Ans me be B

Reason : As the underlined sentence must modify drop in retail sales ....not the fragile markets , Because in case of Clause, Verb-ing modifies although it modify the clause but it does so by modifying subject of clause,.

In this case, fragile market is not renewing concern...its drop in retail sales

Share with me your thoughts if i am wrong somewhere

Regards
LS

I would like to correct myself ...ans must be E.

Reason B is wrong : An event --> noun + noun modifier , In this question the problem is what is the event i.e. the markets caught off gurad or drop in retail sales,
Since there is ambiguity as both can be the called as event, Hence got Out
_________________

G-prep1 540 --> Kaplan 580-->Veritas 640-->MGMAT 590 -->MGMAT 2 640 --> MGMAT 3 640 ---> MGMAT 4 650 -->MGMAT 5 680 -- >GMAT prep 1 570

Give your best shot...rest leave upto Mahadev, he is the extractor of all negativity in the world !!

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 02 Apr 2012
Posts: 76
Location: Argentina
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V34
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 155

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an [#permalink] New post 11 Sep 2014, 07:19
supratim7 wrote:
The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
A. which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
B. an event that renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
C. and renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
D. renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
E. renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

I couldn't eliminate (B). Can anyone explain why (B) is incorrect?

Many thanks.


I can´t. Even I found this explanation that allows B to be correct.

From MGMAT: https://www.manhattangmat.com/articles/ ... itives.cfm

It is also possible for an appositive to modify an entire preceding noun phrase, rather than only the specific noun that it touches directly. For example, this excerpt from Sentence Correction problem number 113 from The Official Guide for Verbal Review 2nd Edition (VR2, p. 267) shows the problematic placement of a prepositional phrase modifier (not an appositive):

“In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria, …”
According to the explanation for this problem, found on page 322 of VR2:

“The largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria is both cumbersome and ambiguous because it suggests that the ancient world was located at (and only at) Alexandria.”
In other words, this noun modifier in the form of the prepositional phrase “at Alexandria” refers only to the noun “world,” immediately preceding the modifier. The correct answer, found on page 267 of VR2, rephrases this part of the sentence:

“In A.D. 391, as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world, …”
The noun modifier “the largest of the ancient world” is now in the form of an appositive. Logically, of course, it should refer to the noun “library,” but that noun is not the noun immediately preceding the appositive. Rather, the noun “Alexandria” immediately precedes the appositive. The VR2 explanation for this problem goes on to say that this placement is acceptable:

“This problem is best corrected by breaking the series of phrases into two distinct parts: the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world. Here, the second phrase clearly modifies the first.”
In other words, the second phrase, the appositive, is allowed to modify the entire first phrase. It does not have to modify only the immediately preceding noun.
_________________

Encourage cooperation! If this post was very useful, kudos are welcome ;)
"It is our attitude at the beginning of a difficult task which, more than anything else, will affect It's successful outcome" William James

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 24 Oct 2014
Posts: 31
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 15

GMAT ToolKit User CAT Tests
Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an [#permalink] New post 01 Jul 2015, 10:58
supratim7 wrote:
The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
A. which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
B. an event that renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
C. and renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
D. renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
E. renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

I couldn't eliminate (B). Can anyone explain why (B) is incorrect?

Many thanks.

I have read other users comments in a few places. But the way I understand Verb+ing modifiers at the end of a sentence should either provide the result or additional information. Such modifiers modify the preceding clause and refer back to the subject. So here Option E, they refer back to the unexpected drop. But because its a passive constructions it seems ambiguous. Can some one explain if such types of constructions are ok. This questions reminds me of the "Emil dickinson letter" question from OG>

Also with B, the appositive I think does refer to the dropping of retail sales, but I can see how that can be ambiguous.

I think there is certain level of ambiguity here. I just want to know if the correct answer is the best correct answer to the question or is it lesser of the two evils.
I would greatly appreciate any response from experts.
TY
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 10 Mar 2014
Posts: 178
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 12

Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an [#permalink] New post 20 Jul 2015, 03:07
supratim7 wrote:
The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
A. which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
B. an event that renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
C. and renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
D. renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
E. renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

I couldn't eliminate (B). Can anyone explain why (B) is incorrect?

Many thanks.


mikemcgarry

could you please provide your comments for option B. I am on option B. and I am not finding a perfect reasoning to discard this option

Thanks
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 30 Apr 2015
Posts: 7
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 4

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an [#permalink] New post 25 Jul 2015, 02:10
please do not post answer below the quetion itself.you can post your problem in below post.......let people solve the problem without any hints............
Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an   [#permalink] 25 Jul 2015, 02:10
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
European leaders, who met until the early hours of Friday royQV 0 09 Aug 2014, 00:55
Experts publish their posts in the topic The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an gmatprep1982 6 03 Mar 2013, 17:11
1 I was reading WSJ and the following sentence caught my eyes. udvranto 2 08 Mar 2012, 12:40
2 Released the first Friday of every month and covering the ykaiim 11 25 May 2010, 23:15
Sc-Markets.gif cool_jonny009 3 03 Dec 2005, 18:33
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.