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The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an

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The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an [#permalink] New post 03 Mar 2013, 17:11
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E

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  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (01:47) correct 37% (00:41) wrong based on 60 sessions
The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.[b][/b]

a. which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
b. an event that renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
c. and renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
d. renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
e. renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

Can you please explain how E can be correct?
You can't say
The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
because it won't be correct to swap the phrases and say
Renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States, the fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May

I thought if you use a comma + "ing", you should be able to swap the sentences and they should still make sense.

Wouldn't the correct answer be The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
- without the comma before renewing????

Thanks
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexp [#permalink] New post 04 Mar 2013, 09:42
Expert's post
No; removing the comma before renewing will not work out since, when verb+ing participle is not preceded by a comma, the it will directly refer to the word that is just before namely May or sales of May at the most. Without the comma, the participle loses its power to modify the entire preceding clause, thus distorting the original meaning.
The take away is: an ing participle, with comma modifies the entire preceding clause and without comma modifies just the preceding word.
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Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexp [#permalink] New post 06 Mar 2013, 08:11
can someone explain me whats the problem in B...I feel the noun +noun modifier modifies either the preceding noun or cluase ..here it modifies the clause..So on what basis option B is an incorrect answer?
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Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexp [#permalink] New post 25 Apr 2013, 17:06
skamal7 wrote:
can someone explain me whats the problem in B...I feel the noun +noun modifier modifies either the preceding noun or cluase ..here it modifies the clause..So on what basis option B is an incorrect answer?


Can someone respond to this pl?? Same doubt..
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Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an [#permalink] New post 25 Apr 2013, 17:19
hi,
In option B noun +noun modifier always just add an additional information abt the precedding noun or clause.But as per the intended meaning of the sentence
The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May" this resulted in the "renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United State"
So its logical to use renewing(verb+ing modifer) when the intended meaning of sentence is the result of preceding clause
hope this helps
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Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexp [#permalink] New post 25 Apr 2013, 17:47
friend29 wrote:
skamal7 wrote:
can someone explain me whats the problem in B...I feel the noun +noun modifier modifies either the preceding noun or cluase ..here it modifies the clause..So on what basis option B is an incorrect answer?


Can someone respond to this pl?? Same doubt..


@friend29

First, we need to know what renews the concern? The fragile market or the drop in sales. The drop in sales is only the fact that demonstrates the market is fragile. The fragile market is key, because the drop in sales can happen for reasons other than the fragile market. (for example, there would be a big promotion in June that makes sales in May drop). The intended meaning is that the fragile market renews the concerns. In addition, "an event" is appositive modifier that modifies the noun phrase before it (a drop in sales), thus changes the meaning.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an [#permalink] New post 25 Apr 2013, 22:07
gmatprep1982 wrote:
The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.[b][/b]

a. which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
b. an event that renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
c. and renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
d. renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
e. renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

Can you please explain how E can be correct?
You can't say
The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
because it won't be correct to swap the phrases and say
Renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States, the fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May

I thought if you use a comma + "ing", you should be able to swap the sentences and they should still make sense.

Wouldn't the correct answer be The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.
- without the comma before renewing????

Thanks


It`s a modifier problem.Answer is E.according to ing modifier describes the clause or shows the effect of the clause.here the modifier describes the clause.
Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an   [#permalink] 25 Apr 2013, 22:07
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