Give some explanation about the answers. we could help the commuity. OA
: B C D D
Here are my thoughts on the passage. The passage is relatively easy and could be classified at mid range to easy difficulty levels. (600-650 or there abouts).
1) The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) refute the idea that change is bad for a corporation’s long-term health (the passage is not refuting any idea)
(B) describe how long-term planning, despite some potential pitfalls, can help a corporation to grow (this is gist of the passage, 2nd last and last paragraph emphasized this point more).
(C) compare and contrast two styles of corporate planning (There is no compare and contrast between styles of planning. Infact author cites 1980's strategic planning to emphasize the bad practices followed then.)
(D) evaluate the strategic planning goals of corporate America today (The author does not ONLY talk about corporations today;she/he also cites 1980's corporations and their practices)
(E) defend a methodology that has come under sharp attack (This is not relevant as already mentioned above)
2) It can be inferred from the passage that, in general, strategic planning during the 1980s had all of the following shortcomings EXCEPT
(A) a reliance on outside consultants who did not necessarily understand the nuts and bolts of the business
(B) a dependence on theoretical models that did not always perfectly describe the workings of the company
(C) an inherent weakness in the company’s own ability to implement the strategic plan (This is clearly cited in the passage in Line #14,15,16. The passage clearly states the companies followed the plan diligently)
(D) an excess of information and data that made it difficult to get to key concepts
(E) the lack of a forum for middle managers to express their ideas
3) The author most likely mentions the results of the survey of 1,000 companies in order to
(A) put forth an opposing view on strategic plans so that she can then refute it
(B) illustrate that when strategic planning is “hands-on,” it produces uninspiring results
(C) give a concrete example of why strategic planning did not work during the 1980s
(D) support her contention that strategic planning, when done correctly, can be very successful (This is clearly implied from Line#34,35,36 that companies which implemented strategic planning had better growth figures than companies otherwise.)
(E) give supporting data to prove that many companies have implemented strategic plans
4) The passage suggests which of the following about the “financial analysts” mentioned in lines 41–44 ?
(A) They believe that strategic planning is the key to weathering the rapid changes of the marketplace
(B) They are working to understand and anticipate market developments that are two years ahead.
(C) Their study of market dynamics has led them to question the reliability of short-term planning strategies.
(D) They might not agree with the author that one way to survive rapidly changing conditions comes from long-range planning. (Line#42 implies that 'financial analysts' might not necessarily agree with Author's point of view of long term planning)
(E) They consider the mobility of capital to be a necessary condition for the growth of new technology.
Hope it helps.
Citius, Altius, Fortius