The government has no right to tax earnings from labor. : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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The government has no right to tax earnings from labor.

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The government has no right to tax earnings from labor. [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2010, 11:04
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The government has no right to tax earnings from labor. Taxation of this kind requires the laborer to devote a certain percentage of hours worked to earning money for the government. Thus, such taxation forces the laborer to work, in part, for another’s purpose. Since involuntary servitude can be defined as forced work for another’s purpose, just as involuntary servitude is pernicious, so is taxing earnings from labor.

The argument uses which one of the following argumentative techniques?
(A) deriving a general principle about the rights of individuals from a judgment concerning the obligations of governments
(B) inferring what will be time case merely from a description of what once was the case
(C) inferring that since two institutions are similar in one respect they are similar in another respect
(D) citing the authority of an economic theory in order to justify a moral principle
(E) presupposing the inevitability of a hierarchical class system in order to oppose a given economic practice
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The government has no right to tax [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2010, 15:34
A : trap. It does talk about "right" in first sentence but not about the govt obligations.
C : Just as "taxing by govt" is similar to "involuntary servitude" in one respect (forced work) both are "pernicious"

IMO : C
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Re: The government has no right to tax [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2010, 07:11

Can some one please explain ?
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16 Jul 2010, 21:08
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C it is

The government has no right to tax earnings from labor. Taxation of this kind requires the laborer to devote a certain percentage of hours worked to earning money for the government. Thus, such taxation forces the laborer to work, in part, for another’s purpose. Since involuntary servitude can be defined as forced work for another’s purpose, just as involuntary servitude is pernicious, so is taxing earnings from labor.

(C) inferring that since two institutions are similar in one respect they are similar in another respect

got the catch ??vry easy
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Re: The government has no right to tax [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2010, 23:58
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(A) deriving a general principle about the rights of individuals from a judgment concerning the obligations of governments
-- No where the author point is about the individual's rights. Hence cannot be a correct answer choice.

(B) inferring what will be time case merely from a description of what once was the case
-- Irrelevant. Hence not a correct answer choice.

(C) inferring that since two institutions are similar in one respect they are similar in another respect
-- Taxations and involuntary servitude are the two institutions. Since both are similar in aspect of forced labor, author inferred / concluded both are pernicious. Hence C is a correct answer choice.

(D) citing the authority of an economic theory in order to justify a moral principle
-- Economic theory? Irrelevant.

(E) presupposing the inevitability of a hierarchical class system in order to oppose a given economic practice
-- It is trying to oppose economic theory, but there is no presupposition.

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Re: The government has no right to tax [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2010, 12:52
between C and A.chose C.........A looked out of scope .......above explanations satisfactory .......
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Re: The government has no right to tax [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2010, 06:01
Since "taxing on earnings" and "involuntary servitude" ==> are similar in one respect (forced work), both are similar in other respect (deadly) as well.

Hence C.
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05 Aug 2010, 09:18
C it should be!
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Re: The government has no right to tax [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2010, 02:41
Fell for D
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14 Sep 2010, 05:16
+1 for C
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Re: The government has no right to tax earnings from labor. [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2014, 21:48
I think the answer is (A), taxation forces the laborer to work is different from involuntary servitude. After all, you can choose not to work (and not get taxed), whereas involuntary servitude, by definition, you are forced to work. There is a slight shift in meaning. That is, taxation is not literally forced labor, whereas "involuntary servitude" is.
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Re: The government has no right to tax earnings from labor. [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2016, 23:05
the second question of the same stimuli
Which one of the following is an error of reasoning committed by the argument?
(A) It ignores a difference in how the idea of forced work for another’s purpose applies to the two cases.
(B) It does not take into account the fact that labor is taxed at different rates depending on income.
(C) It mistakenly assumes that all work is taxed.
(D) It ignores the fact that the government also taxes income from investment.
(E) It treats definitions as if they were matters of subjective opinion rather than objective facts about language.
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Re: The government has no right to tax earnings from labor. [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2016, 16:10
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(1)
no right to tax labor earning,

labor devotes some time for government

thus such taxation forces labor to work "in part" for another's purpose

(2)

since INVOULANTRY SERVITUDE can be defined as forced work for another's purpose

both INVOULANTRY SERVITUDE and TAXING are harmful

===============================================================

BOTH TAXING and INVOULANTRY SERVITUDE has something in common- both force to work for another's purpose

authors concludes that both are pernicious (harmful)

choice C SAYS THAT

(C) inferring that since two institutions( TAXING AND INVOULANTRY SERVITUDE) are similar in one
respect (both force to work for another's purpose) they are similar in another respect (both are pernicious (harmful)
Re: The government has no right to tax earnings from labor.   [#permalink] 13 Dec 2016, 16:10
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