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The government of Penglai, an isolated island, proposed

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The government of Penglai, an isolated island, proposed [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2007, 18:35
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89% (02:31) correct 11% (02:34) wrong based on 3 sessions
The government of Penglai, an isolated island, proposed eliminating outdoor adverting except for small signs of standard shape that identify places of business. Some island merchants protested that the law would reduce the overall volume of business in Penglai, pointing to a report done by the government indicating that in every industry the Penglai businesses that used outdoor advertising had a larger market share than those that did not.

Which one of the following describes an error of reasoning in the merchants’ argument?

(A) presupposing that there are no good reasons for restricting the use of outdoor advertising in Penglai
(B) assuming without giving justification that the outdoor advertising increased market share by some means other than by diverting trade from competing businesses
(C) ignoring the question of whether the government’s survey of the island could be objective
(D) failing to establish whether the market-share advantage enjoyed by businesses employing outdoor advertising was precisely proportionate to the amount of advertising
(E) disregarding the possibility that the government’s proposed restrictions are unconstitutional
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2007, 19:00
clearly b
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2007, 19:27
D for me.
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Re: CR - The government of Penglai [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2007, 19:37
Andr359 wrote:
The government of Penglai, an isolated island, proposed eliminating outdoor adverting except for small signs of standard shape that identify places of business. Some island merchants protested that the law would reduce the overall volume of business in Penglai, pointing to a report done by the government indicating that in every industry the Penglai businesses that used outdoor advertising had a larger market share than those that did not.

Which one of the following describes an error of reasoning in the merchants’ argument?

(A) presupposing that there are no good reasons for restricting the use of outdoor advertising in Penglai
(B) assuming without giving justification that the outdoor advertising increased market share by some means other than by diverting trade from competing businesses
(C) ignoring the question of whether the government’s survey of the island could be objective
(D) failing to establish whether the market-share advantage enjoyed by businesses employing outdoor advertising was precisely proportionate to the amount of advertising
(E) disregarding the possibility that the government’s proposed restrictions are unconstitutional


either B or D and I have no justification to go either way. D sounds a bit harsh though. So, I would chose B on the exam day.
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2007, 19:47
Clear B here.

The merchants' logic is faulty because they are assuming that the business they get from advertising does not take away from other merchants' businesses on Penglai. If it does take away from other businesses on Penglai, then the volume of business is not decreasing, the business is just being more spread out.
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2007, 22:05
B it is.

Negating D does not weaken the argument.
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 [#permalink] New post 01 Jul 2007, 02:25
It is between B and D

I would go with answer B.
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 [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2007, 09:34
OA is B. A, C, and E are out right away. We r lft w/ B n D.

Complaint of the merchants: "the law would reduce the overall volume of business in Penglai".

Gov´s report: "in every industry the Penglai businesses that used outdoor advertising had a larger market share than those that did not".

What is an error of reasoning of the merchants:
assuming that overall business volume will be reduced by less outdoor advertising; in other words, that advertising actually influences overall business volume in the island (well, in general, advertising does so, but it doesn´t necessarily hold in this particular case).
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Re: The government of Penglai, an isolated island, proposed [#permalink] New post 01 Dec 2011, 09:31
It is a marvelous question.

D is of a kind of question "flaw in reasoning/argument" or "reasoning vulnerable to criticism".

B is an answer.

One must not confuse "flaw in reasoning" questions with "error of reasoning" questions because they predicated upon different concepts.

I like trickiness of the CR.
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Re: [#permalink] New post 02 Dec 2011, 20:11
Andr359 wrote:
OA is B. A, C, and E are out right away. We r lft w/ B n D.

Complaint of the merchants: "the law would reduce the overall volume of business in Penglai".

Gov´s report: "in every industry the Penglai businesses that used outdoor advertising had a larger market share than those that did not".

What is an error of reasoning of the merchants:
assuming that overall business volume will be reduced by less outdoor advertising; in other words, that advertising actually influences overall business volume in the island (well, in general, advertising does so, but it doesn´t necessarily hold in this particular case).


Nice question. Thank for explanation. No spot for any discussion here.

(D) failing to establish whether the market-share advantage enjoyed by businesses employing outdoor advertising was precisely proportionate to the amount of advertising

In choice D, the proportion of outdoor advertising in comparison with other kinds of advertising possibly helps something. But how precise the report here does not play role here.
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Re: The government of Penglai, an isolated island, proposed [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2011, 04:03
Got tripped
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Re: The government of Penglai, an isolated island, proposed [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2014, 11:21
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Re: The government of Penglai, an isolated island, proposed   [#permalink] 16 Jun 2014, 11:21
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