The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1

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The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2005, 05:09
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The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of free time on the computer. That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing time spent per week using computers report no charge in time spent watching television.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television regularly

B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people who report that they rarely or never use computers

C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the amount of time spent per week using computers increases

D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending increasing amounts of time per week using computers

E. Whether the survey respondents' reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work

Note: There are two questions available with the similar stimulus and same first line but different question. The other question (complete the argument) is discussed in: the-growing-popularity-of-computer-based-activities-was-q2-80846.html
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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23 Jan 2005, 05:22
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The assumption was that folks were "spending increasing amounts of FREE time on the computer. "

According to the survey, folks reported "increasing time spent per week" on computers.
--> The survey does not indicate whether folks spent increasing "free" time or "work" time per week on computers.

Hence, "E. Whether the survey respondentsâ€™ reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work" would be more useful in evaluating the argument.
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04 Jun 2007, 08:57
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Reason behind E:

if they are increasing their computer use, it could be because they are increasing it at work ! which would not cut into any free time which could otherwise be used for TV viewing.

A is wrong because it does not matter how often a person watches TV. That already was found in the study that there was no change in TV viewing. Therefore if people watched TV regularly, or once a month, it wouldnt matter. We are concerned about the impact over time.
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Re: CR - Help Needed [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 21:51
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IMO E

A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television
regularly
- No matter how many people reported in survey, because the result will not affected further.
B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people
who report that they rarely or never use computers
- Never use comp is OOS
C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the
amount of time spent per week using computers increases
- Type of TV program is OOS
D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending
increasing amounts of time per week using computers
- Computer owner is OOS
E. Whether the survey respondents’ reports of time spent using computers included
time spent using computers at work
- Seems to be right answer. All those people who calculate time spent at work definitely underestimate the report’s result.
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Re: CR - Help Needed [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 22:38
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IMO "A"
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time is Less WORK is more

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25 Sep 2008, 22:55
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If the assumption has to be false and the survey results do not lie, there should be somthing that should account for the increase in time spent per week using computers and no charge in time spent watching television.

I think (E) accounts for it and should help evaluate the argument.
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Re: CR - Help Needed [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 23:35
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jatinrai wrote:
vivektripathi wrote:
The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a
decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free
time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of
free time on the computer. That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail
survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing
time spent per week using computers report no charge in time spent watching television.
Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the
argument?
A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television
regularly
B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people
who report that they rarely or never use computers
C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the
amount of time spent per week using computers increases
D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending
increasing amounts of time per week using computers
E. Whether the survey respondents’ reports of time spent using computers included
time spent using computers at work

The statement that argument sets out to prove false is, " Computer activities are causing decline in tv viewing". But if we discover that TV viewing is declining even among people who do not use computers, then the problem lies somewhere else & not in the computer activities.

Hey I got this one finally! Answer is D.
Just note: a very large majority of respondents who report increasing
time spent per week using computers
.

He says that out of 100 people surveyed majority of people with characteristic X, report no change in tv viewing.

But what if X is too small? If X is say 10 & majority of it i.e. 9 report unchanged tv viewing. We cant conclude based on that.

But yes if X is 90 & majority of it i.e. 80 report unchanged tv vewing, in that case we can draw conclusions based on the study.

So primarily we must determine whether X is large enough or not.
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The growing popularity of computer-based activities was [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2010, 23:30
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The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufﬁcient free time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of free time on the computer. That assumption, however, is evidently false: In a recent mail survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing time spent per week using computers report no change in time spent watching television.
Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

(A) Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television regularly
(B) Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people who report that they rarely or never use computers
(C) Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the amount of time spent per week using computers increases
(D) Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending increasing amounts of time per week using computers
(E) Whether the survey respondents’ reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work

[Reveal] Spoiler:
e

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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was wide [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2013, 14:57
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I would go with E. Here is why

A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television
regularly - This category of people should see reduced usage of computer.
B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people
who report that they rarely or never use computers - out-of-scope since not interested in opposite effects of computers
C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the
amount of time spent per week using computers increases - We're interested in the total TV viewing time not change in tastes resulting in watching different programs.
D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending
increasing amounts of time per week using computers - One sided and not relevant since we want to see the effects on TV viewing.
E. Whether the survey respondents’ reports of time spent using computers included
time spent using computers at work - Knowing this will definitely skew the survey and the conclusion from the survey.

//kudos please, if this explanation is good
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2014, 02:40
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When the argument says "free-time" it means time that is not spent on work.

Case1:

Let's say the year is 1998.

A person works at the office for 8 hours a day - 0 hours of this time is spent on the computer.
He returns home at 6 p.m, watches tv for three hours and goes to sleep at 9 pm.

Let's say the year is 2014.

A person works at the office for 8 hours a day - 6 hours of this time is spent on the computer.
He returns home at 6 p.m, watches tv for three hours and goes to sleep at 9 pm.

Time spent using computers has increased but free time to watch tv has not been affected.

Case 2:

Let's say the year is 2012.

A person works at the office for 8 hours a day - 6 hours of this time is spent on the computer.
He returns home at 6 p.m, watches tv for three hours and goes to sleep at 9 pm.

Let's say the year is 2014.

A person works at the office for 8 hours a day - 6 hours of this time is spent on the computer.
He returns home at 6 p.m, uses his free time on the computer for two hours and as a result has only one hour to watch tv before he can go to sleep at 9 pm..

Time spent using computers has increased and free time to watch tv has been affected.
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23 Jan 2005, 01:00
I will go with (A).

(B) argument is not at all bothered for the ppl who dont or rarely use computers. OUT OF SCOPE.
(C) out of scope... type of programs
(D) touches only one part. what about time they spent in watching TV
(E) again out of scope

(A) finds a loophole in the argument and will help in evaluating it.
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23 Jan 2005, 02:29
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I'll go with E as the assumption talked about the free time folks spend on computers / TV.
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23 Jan 2005, 04:32
The OA is E.

But could anybody explain more explicitly?

Thank you
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The growing popularity of computer-based activities was [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2007, 17:57
The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of free time on the computer.

That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail
survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing time spent per week using computers report no charge in time spent watching television.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television regularly

B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people who report that they rarely or never use computers

C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the amount of time spent per week using computers increases

D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending increasing amounts of time per week using computers

E. Whether the survey respondentsâ€™ reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work
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03 Jun 2007, 18:16
A..
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04 Jun 2007, 08:48
I like E
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04 Jun 2007, 09:59
B or E.

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04 Jun 2007, 10:04
E sounds far better
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The growing popularity of computer-based activities was [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 10:33
The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a
decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free
time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of
free time on the computer. That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail
survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing
time spent per week using computers report no charge in time spent watching television.
Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the
argument?
A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television
regularly
B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people
who report that they rarely or never use computers
C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the
amount of time spent per week using computers increases
D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending
increasing amounts of time per week using computers
E. Whether the survey respondents’ reports of time spent using computers included
time spent using computers at work
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Re: CR - Help Needed [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 10:41
Its A.

If the survey talked to people who are not regular TV watchers, their watching times might not have changed by much. So it needs to include people who watches TV regularly and how computers are affecting their TV time.
Re: CR - Help Needed   [#permalink] 25 Sep 2008, 10:41

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