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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local

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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink] New post 17 Jan 2013, 20:54
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69% (02:11) correct 31% (01:05) wrong based on 119 sessions
The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.
(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing


Interesting question with lot of different explanations and answers !!!
Some expert please shed some light.
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Re: The growth of the railroads led [#permalink] New post 17 Jan 2013, 23:05
shikhar wrote:
The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.
(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing


Interesting question with lot of different explanations and answers !!!
Some expert please shed some light.


Eliminate answere choices first.
A is wrong because of two thing. use of 'which' - which is a relative pronoun. it can not be used for 'times' . Second, 'was' with 'times'.
B has the same 'was' issue, C has the same which issue.

in D and E, difference is between differed and differing at the end. Now, use of differed, a verb, at the end is wrong because it is not parallel to determined by, a participle.

Option E has perfect parallel components:
"The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times........ and to the establishment of regional times."
"determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian.... and differing from city to city"

Therefore, Ans E it is!

not sure what source is.. but poor quality question.
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Re: The growth of the railroads led [#permalink] New post 17 Jan 2013, 23:07
This question has been already posted few times.
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Re: The growth of the railroads led [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2013, 12:16
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PraPon wrote:
This question has been already posted few times.



Almost all the questions have been discussed , what do we do if we are'nt satisfied with the answers ? also posting again might help get some fresh explanations from newly joined people.
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Re: The growth of the railroads led [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2013, 22:17
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[quote="shikhar"]The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.
(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing




I don´t agree that this is a poor quality questions. In fact, it tests modifiers, relative pronouns and adjective choice.

1. You should eliminate A and B because the relative pronoun "which" carries a singular verb "was". "Which" would be modifying (describing) the word "times" and, as we know, the word "times" is a plural.
2. You should eliminate answer choice C because of parallelism. "Differing" would not be parallel to anything in this sentence.
3. Between answer choice D and E we have to choose the correct adjective and meaning. If we say "differed from" we would be using the wrong idiom and we would be changing the meaning in an unacceptable way. "Differred from" would mean something like "kicked out" from. We don't want that meaning. Even if it were OK to say "differ from" it would be wrong to say that the local time is "differed". However, "differing from" does give us the meaining that we are looking for, by saying that the local time used to "differ from city to city" at that time.
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Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2014, 19:05
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local   [#permalink] 22 Mar 2014, 19:05
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