The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local

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Director
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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2005, 05:20
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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
If you have any questions
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20 Jul 2005, 07:17
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observer?s meridian and differed
You may say, that it is not clear which noun "determined" reffers to, but there were a lot of other question with similar constructions considered to be correct.
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20 Jul 2005, 09:41
i think it should be D. i think "which" has no logical referrant.
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20 Jul 2005, 10:57
Another vote for D.

What was determined by such and such? It should be local times, not the abolition of local times. So the verb should be WHICH WERE, not WAS. Also taking into account parallelism, only D exhibits such as in "reached, and differed"
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20 Jul 2005, 11:24
Picked C.

"was" incorrect in A and B.
"determined" incorrectly tries to modify "local times" in D and E.

Although C has a mixed tense , determined and differing.
I think we can live with it, coz if it were "differed" it would mean that local times no longer differ.

HMTG.
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20 Jul 2005, 11:36
HowManyToGo wrote:
Picked C.

"was" incorrect in A and B.
"determined" incorrectly tries to modify "local times" in D and E.

Although C has a mixed tense , determined and differing.
I think we can live with it, coz if it were "differed" it would mean that local times no longer differ.

HMTG.

Hm.. I agree.
I originally thought the answer would be D, but now I come to think of it, I think the sentence structure is "local times, which were determined (adjective)... and differing(adjective)..."
Director
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20 Jul 2005, 14:06
C is wrong unless you use another which after 'and' to make another restrive clause to modify the previous noun.

And we can not use differing because local times has/have been demolished (no longer valid)

B and D seems parallel.

I dont think you can use phrase here to modify the nearest nouns.

B should be it.
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20 Jul 2005, 15:27
C has to be it......

which were determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing

Were is used 'cos we are refrring to local times(plural).
Director
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20 Jul 2005, 17:36

To make things parallel in restrictive clause, you need another which.

Look at the dixions problem in OG

Many of the dixions that are currently uncontrolled and that north american are exposed
Director
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21 Jul 2005, 07:17
I think local times are still differering.

Hate to change my initial pick. But looks like E.
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21 Jul 2005, 08:31
A, B, and D are out cause they are not parallel..

couple of things...to look for...

abolition, ...establishment...

so the struggle here is first should it be abolition....differed.....establishment?
or
aboltion....differing....establishment....

I think differeing here is correct.

so next I think should we use which or determined?

here we need which, since it refers specifically to local times....which are plural...

C it is...
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21 Jul 2005, 20:39
fresinha12 wrote:
A, B, and D are out cause they are not parallel..

couple of things...to look for...

abolition, ...establishment...

so the struggle here is first should it be abolition....differed.....establishment?
or
aboltion....differing....establishment....

I think differeing here is correct.

so next I think should we use which or determined?

here we need which, since it refers specifically to local times....which are plural...

C it is...

why not E? if C, then that means which "were" determined by....and "differing"....
E can go with tense problem.
21 Jul 2005, 20:39
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