The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local

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Intern
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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2005, 20:38
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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observerтАЩs meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.
(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observerтАЩs meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observerтАЩs meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observerтАЩs meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observerтАЩs meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observerтАЩs meridian and differing
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02 Nov 2005, 20:50
Seems like the middle portion is a dependent clause. local times is plural, so I`ll take a stab at C.
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02 Nov 2005, 21:08
In C "were determined" and "differing" trouble me. May be the answer is D. At least "determine" and "different" parallel there.
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02 Nov 2005, 21:21
B and D looks like a good contender.

I would go with D, since the second "which" in B looks in-correct.

Anyone with a better explanation -- please do so.
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02 Nov 2005, 21:46
On second thought, I am going to cheat and switch answers here. D is better than C because it uses the active voice, an all time ETS favorite.
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02 Nov 2005, 22:52
OA is E. No OE.

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

The portion in bold qualifies local times. B states the same ie qualifies local times ('which was determined by ..... and which differed).
But I think E is correct because it states the same in active voice
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02 Nov 2005, 22:57
We need to have "which" to introduce the modify clause. Therefore eliminate D and E.

Since "which" modifies local times, we need to have a plural verb.

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02 Nov 2005, 22:59
Yes, you are right. Since active is better than passive, E should be correct.
02 Nov 2005, 22:59
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