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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local

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Director
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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink] New post 21 Apr 2006, 07:41
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing


please explain your answer
Senior Manager
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 [#permalink] New post 21 Apr 2006, 07:59
According to me it should be 'C' as a plural verb is needed for 'times'.Moreover a pronoun is also reqd, so the sentence should have a 'which'.
Having said that, I feel that none of them sounds too good.
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 [#permalink] New post 21 Apr 2006, 15:00
Absolutely B

"which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and which differed"

without the 2 "which" the meaning changes
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 [#permalink] New post 21 Apr 2006, 20:19
Agree with B. Past participle form is required to establish the sequence of events.
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Re: SC - railroads [#permalink] New post 22 Apr 2006, 01:08
remgeo wrote:
The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing


please explain your answer



A/B/C - which was is not required
D/E - D because of past tense
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 [#permalink] New post 22 Apr 2006, 07:55
OA is E! differing parallel with determined.
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 [#permalink] New post 22 Apr 2006, 14:17
^ E ^

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

|| structure of participles
Director
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 [#permalink] New post 23 Apr 2006, 12:05
pseudo wrote:
selene wrote:
^ E ^

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

|| structure of participles


Why not determined by and differed from?



we are talking about "the local times" and we have participles modifying it:
"determined" is passive and "differing" is active here !!
Director
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 [#permalink] New post 25 Apr 2006, 01:17
The OA is E , but I am still not able to understand why :roll:
How can determined and differning be parallel?
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Apr 2006, 02:12
Same here don't understand how determined and differing be parallel
  [#permalink] 28 Apr 2006, 02:12
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