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# The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and

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Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2013, 08:16
But can the "it" in option C refer to Cobra?
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Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2015, 02:56
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Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2015, 10:56
Can someone please explain how "it" refers to hognose snake and not king cobra?
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The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2015, 11:52
Once you realize that all of the verbs need to be gerunds in order to remain parallel, the final step is to validate whether you need the pronoun "it" in the final portion of the sentence. In order to help you determine the necessity of "it," cross out all of the stuff in the middle so you are only left with:

The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and eventually, if its pursuer is not cowered by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

This sentence does not make sense in any case (D/E) without the word "it." Ans C is clear
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Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2015, 21:42
1) The "3 item list" that begins with the verb "hissing....": so the other 2 items in the list have to have the same "format" (-ing verbs). Here, the verbs "broadening..." and "feigning...." are necessary.

2) The word "but" introduces a new clause to the sentence, and that clause does not need to follow the same parallelism in the list.
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Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2015, 08:06
Financier wrote:
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowered by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

- broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but having no dangerous fangs and no venom,
- broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom,
- broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
- broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
- broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and

The question has been discussed many times, but one point is unclear for me:
MGMAT instructor said that the meaning of the sentence clearly indicates that the forms of broaden and feign should be parallel to "hissing and rearing", since all of those things are actions that occur during the "impressive bluff". But why? How these 2 words define parallelism? For me, these 2 words should be paralleled to each other, without influencing other words, which have their own parallelism story... And it's way better to say broadens... So, for me structure in B is preferrable... Please anybody explain.

Thanks!

POE
A, B out = Looking at the structure, "broadens" should be used as a participle modifying "impressive bluff"
C = Hold on
D out = "broadening " and "feigns " should be parallel, as they are both modifying the same action
E out = need "and" before "feigning repeated strikes", as this changes the meaning. (modifier wise)

So C
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Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2016, 22:35
Financier wrote:
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowered by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

- broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but having no dangerous fangs and no venom,
- broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom,
- broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
- broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
- broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and

The question has been discussed many times, but one point is unclear for me:
MGMAT instructor said that the meaning of the sentence clearly indicates that the forms of broaden and feign should be parallel to "hissing and rearing", since all of those things are actions that occur during the "impressive bluff". But why? How these 2 words define parallelism? For me, these 2 words should be paralleled to each other, without influencing other words, which have their own parallelism story... And it's way better to say broadens... So, for me structure in B is preferrable... Please anybody explain.

Thanks!

Jozu wrote:
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

(A) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom,
(B) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom,
(C) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
(D) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
(E) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and

FIRST OF ALL THIS IS NOT A TEST OF PARALLELISM. FORGET ABOUT MAKING PHRASES OR CLAUSES PARALLEL. YOU CANNOT DO IT FROM ANY GIVEN OPTION. EITHER A,B,C,D,E.

This one is quite a funky one, Checking for parallelism is a forlorn exercise in this sentence.
The hognose snake PUTS on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, BROADENS the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, FEIGNS repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

Since hissing and rearing back is bound by commas on either side therefore it is used to provide extra information, it can be seen as a parenthetical term and can be ignored.
NOW If this was a test of parallelism then PUTS, BROADENS, FEIGNS have better parallelism.
BUT if hissing and rearing back are included then in that case PUTS, HISSING, BROADENING, FEIGNING cannot be parallel. (Correct option C uses these verb forms)
So PARALLELISM is NOT BEING TESTED in this sentence.

In this sentence knowledge of conjunctions and their rules is being tested.
Every option except option C is incorrect because they do not have a clear subject after the conjunction "but"

(A) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.
WRONG:- subject missing.
after "but" there is no subject in the second clause

(B) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.
WRONG:- subject missing.
after "but" there is no subject in the second clause

(C) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.
CORRECT:-Has a proper subject "it" in the second clause. "it" refers to the hognose snake

(D) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.
WRONG:- subject missing.
after "but" there is no subject in the second clause

(E) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.
WRONG:- subject missing.
after "but" there is no subject in the second clause

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Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2016, 22:41
Im not able to understand this one clearly. I dont think it is clear case of parallelism. Is it wrong because BUT joins two ICs and should have its own subject. Only in C we have IT in the 2nd clause.
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The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2016, 02:38
rakaisraka wrote:
Im not able to understand this one clearly. I dont think it is clear case of parallelism. Is it wrong because BUT joins two ICs and should have its own subject. Only in C we have IT in the 2nd clause.

Your understanding is alright. The sentence consists of 2 independent clauses:

1. The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff.
BUT
2. it has no dangerous fangs and no venom and will fall over and play dead.

Note the nesting of verbs in the second clause: "Has" and "Will fall and play" are joined with a conjunction "and". The subject of both these elements is "it".
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and   [#permalink] 23 Dec 2016, 02:38

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