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The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West

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The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink] New post 10 Jun 2013, 02:18
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The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West African slaves to America resulted in a convergence of cultures, traditions, and art forms, including music. Jazz, first played in New Orleans in the early 1900s, borrowed heavily from the European musical scale and harmonic system. Jazz ensembles were built predominantly on European instruments, such as the trumpet, trombone, saxophone, and piano. The West African influence on jazz was manifested primarily in its performance. Scatting, a technique used by jazz vocalists to mimic the sounds of instruments, had its origin in West African vocal traditions. The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music.

Some musicologists argue that jazz is a purely American form of music. Others, however, contend that jazz is rooted in a history similar to that of America itself, a history of confluence. Proponents of the argument that jazz is purely American often point to its genesis in New Orleans as evidence for this perspective. The irony, however, is that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots. To deny the rich and complex history of jazz, and the true origins of the art form, is to deny the very aspects of the art form that make it undeniably American.
1- It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be less inclined to label jazz an American art form if which of the following were true?
A- New Orleans was not the place where jazz music was first played.
B- Jazz music was first created in New York when four avant-garde musicians from different cultural backgrounds came together to experiment with unprecedented musical concepts.
C- With the influx of West Africans to the Americas came a very specific West African musical style which eventually came to be called “jazz” in New Orleans
D- Jazz music actually draws more of its character from South American and Native American traditions than from those of Europe or West Africa.
E- The instruments used by jazz musicians were predominately of West African origin, not European origin.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


2- Which of the following statements concerning jazz is most directly suggested in the passage?
A- The plurality of jazz’s roots has led multiple cultures to claim jazz as their own.
B- If jazz musicians had not borrowed from the European musical scale, they would have used the West African musical scale instead.
C- Only European and African cultures had an influence on the development of jazz
D- Jazz was played in West Africa prior to its introduction in New Orleans in the early 1900s.
E- Instrumentation was not a primary component of the West African influence on jazz.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


3- Which of the following elements of jazz most likely has its origin in West African musical traditions?
A- the emphasis on a tonal harmonic structure
B- the use of an instrument to mimic a vocalist’s sound
C- the use of traditional African instruments
D- the use of many instruments in a jazz ensemble
E- an impromptu call-and-response between two instruments in the ensemble
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West Afr [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 21:45
Rock750 wrote:
The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West African slaves to America resulted in a convergence of cultures, traditions, and art forms, including music. Jazz, first played in New Orleans in the early 1900s, borrowed heavily from the European musical scale and harmonic system. Jazz ensembles were built predominantly on European instruments, such as the trumpet, trombone, saxophone, and piano. The West African influence on jazz was manifested primarily in its performance. Scatting, a technique used by jazz vocalists to mimic the sounds of instruments, had its origin in West African vocal traditions. The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music.
Some musicologists argue that jazz is a purely American form of music. Others, however, contend that jazz is rooted in a history similar to that of America itself, a history of confluence. Proponents of the argument that jazz is purely American often point to its genesis in New Orleans as evidence for this perspective. The irony, however, is that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots. To deny the rich and complex history of jazz, and the true origins of the art form, is to deny the very aspects of the art form that make it undeniably American.

1- It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be less inclined to label jazz an American art form if which of the following were true?
A- New Orleans was not the place where jazz music was first played.
B- Jazz music was first created in New York when four avant-garde musicians from different cultural backgrounds came together to experiment with unprecedented musical concepts.
C- With the influx of West Africans to the Americas came a very specific West African musical style which eventually came to be called “jazz” in New Orleans
D- Jazz music actually draws more of its character from South American and Native American traditions than from those of Europe or West Africa.
E- The instruments used by jazz musicians were predominately of West African origin, not European origin.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


2- Which of the following statements concerning jazz is most directly suggested in the passage?
A- The plurality of jazz’s roots has led multiple cultures to claim jazz as their own.
B- If jazz musicians had not borrowed from the European musical scale, they would have used the West African musical scale instead.
C- Only European and African cultures had an influence on the development of jazz
D- Jazz was played in West Africa prior to its introduction in New Orleans in the early 1900s.
E- Instrumentation was not a primary component of the West African influence on jazz.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


3- Which of the following elements of jazz most likely has its origin in West African musical traditions?
A- the emphasis on a tonal harmonic structure
B- the use of an instrument to mimic a vocalist’s sound
C- the use of traditional African instruments
D- the use of many instruments in a jazz ensemble
E- an impromptu call-and-response between two instruments in the ensemble
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E



1. C
2. E
3. was confused b/w A and E - chose A because if the word 'tonal' - somehow related it to performance., but now totally get why it is E.
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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink] New post 27 Oct 2013, 10:08
pls someone explain ,why 3rd question answer is E :?: :idea:
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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink] New post 28 Oct 2013, 02:44
vikramvinayak wrote:
pls someone explain ,why 3rd question answer is E :?: :idea:


3- Which of the following elements of jazz most likely has its origin in West African musical traditions?

A- the emphasis on a tonal harmonic structure--(harmonic str. was borrowed from europe)
B- the use of an instrument to mimic a vocalist’s sound--(reverse of what is mentioned in the passage)
C- the use of traditional African instruments-(in fact the instruments were predominantly european)
D- the use of many instruments in a jazz ensemble (not related, out of scope)
E- an impromptu call-and-response between two instruments in the ensemble--( implied in the lines The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music.) hence, impromptu improvisation and group participation come from African music
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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink] New post 14 Nov 2013, 08:06
Rock750 wrote:
The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West African slaves to America resulted in a convergence of cultures, traditions, and art forms, including music. Jazz, first played in New Orleans in the early 1900s, borrowed heavily from the European musical scale and harmonic system. Jazz ensembles were built predominantly on European instruments, such as the trumpet, trombone, saxophone, and piano. The West African influence on jazz was manifested primarily in its performance. Scatting, a technique used by jazz vocalists to mimic the sounds of instruments, had its origin in West African vocal traditions. The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music.

Some musicologists argue that jazz is a purely American form of music. Others, however, contend that jazz is rooted in a history similar to that of America itself, a history of confluence. Proponents of the argument that jazz is purely American often point to its genesis in New Orleans as evidence for this perspective. The irony, however, is that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots. To deny the rich and complex history of jazz, and the true origins of the art form, is to deny the very aspects of the art form that make it undeniably American.
1- It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be less inclined to label jazz an American art form if which of the following were true?
A- New Orleans was not the place where jazz music was first played.
B- Jazz music was first created in New York when four avant-garde musicians from different cultural backgrounds came together to experiment with unprecedented musical concepts.
C- With the influx of West Africans to the Americas came a very specific West African musical style which eventually came to be called “jazz” in New Orleans
D- Jazz music actually draws more of its character from South American and Native American traditions than from those of Europe or West Africa.
E- The instruments used by jazz musicians were predominately of West African origin, not European origin.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


2- Which of the following statements concerning jazz is most directly suggested in the passage?
A- The plurality of jazz’s roots has led multiple cultures to claim jazz as their own.
B- If jazz musicians had not borrowed from the European musical scale, they would have used the West African musical scale instead.
C- Only European and African cultures had an influence on the development of jazz
D- Jazz was played in West Africa prior to its introduction in New Orleans in the early 1900s.
E- Instrumentation was not a primary component of the West African influence on jazz.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


3- Which of the following elements of jazz most likely has its origin in West African musical traditions?
A- the emphasis on a tonal harmonic structure
B- the use of an instrument to mimic a vocalist’s sound
C- the use of traditional African instruments
D- the use of many instruments in a jazz ensemble
E- an impromptu call-and-response between two instruments in the ensemble
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


In q 1 I was stumbled beween c and D
Can anyone explain why not D?
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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink] New post 14 Nov 2013, 08:45
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In q 1 I was stumbled beween c and D
Can anyone explain why not D

The passage specifically says that jazz is a paculiar form of american art

the question instead ask when this scenario has few prpobability to happen: C says this.

With the influx of West Africans to the Americas came a very specific West African musical style which eventually came to be called jazz in New Orleans

exactly the contrary. eventually, this is a weaken argument question

Jazz music actually draws more of its character from South American and Native American traditions than from those of Europe or West Africa.

here we have a comparison but nothing more than this related to our specific question

hope this helps
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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink] New post 11 May 2015, 23:09
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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink] New post 12 May 2015, 03:21
1. c
2. e
3. e

Easy one. Does it qualifies to be a 700-level question?
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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2015, 04:45
I have a small doubt w.r.t first question

Why cannot the option be E.

It has been established in the passage that the Jazz is primarily influenced by the instruments of Europe and the performance style of West Africa.
So if we can rule out the possibility that the instruments used in Jazz are of European origin,then we are refuting the argument's conclusion that the Jazz is the result of confluence of different cultures because it is purely imported from West Africa thereby making it a non American art form.

Please respond.
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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2015, 05:31
tvrs09 wrote:
I have a small doubt w.r.t first question

Why cannot the option be E.

It has been established in the passage that the Jazz is primarily influenced by the instruments of Europe and the performance style of West Africa.
So if we can rule out the possibility that the instruments used in Jazz are of European origin,then we are refuting the argument's conclusion that the Jazz is the result of confluence of different cultures because it is purely imported from West Africa thereby making it a non American art form.

Please respond.



I think you probably overlooked the word- predominantly.
Option E says talks about predominance of one over another but still hints that there was some kind of confluence.

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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink] New post 18 Aug 2015, 08:13
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Rock750 wrote:
The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West African slaves to America resulted in a convergence of cultures, traditions, and art forms, including music. Jazz, first played in New Orleans in the early 1900s, borrowed heavily from the European musical scale and harmonic system. Jazz ensembles were built predominantly on European instruments, such as the trumpet, trombone, saxophone, and piano. The West African influence on jazz was manifested primarily in its performance. Scatting, a technique used by jazz vocalists to mimic the sounds of instruments, had its origin in West African vocal traditions. The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music.

Some musicologists argue that jazz is a purely American form of music. Others, however, contend that jazz is rooted in a history similar to that of America itself, a history of confluence. Proponents of the argument that jazz is purely American often point to its genesis in New Orleans as evidence for this perspective. The irony, however, is that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots. To deny the rich and complex history of jazz, and the true origins of the art form, is to deny the very aspects of the art form that make it undeniably American.
1- It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be less inclined to label jazz an American art form if which of the following were true?
A- New Orleans was not the place where jazz music was first played.
B- Jazz music was first created in New York when four avant-garde musicians from different cultural backgrounds came together to experiment with unprecedented musical concepts.
C- With the influx of West Africans to the Americas came a very specific West African musical style which eventually came to be called “jazz” in New Orleans
D- Jazz music actually draws more of its character from South American and Native American traditions than from those of Europe or West Africa.
E- The instruments used by jazz musicians were predominately of West African origin, not European origin.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


2- Which of the following statements concerning jazz is most directly suggested in the passage?
A- The plurality of jazz’s roots has led multiple cultures to claim jazz as their own.
B- If jazz musicians had not borrowed from the European musical scale, they would have used the West African musical scale instead.
C- Only European and African cultures had an influence on the development of jazz
D- Jazz was played in West Africa prior to its introduction in New Orleans in the early 1900s.
E- Instrumentation was not a primary component of the West African influence on jazz.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


3- Which of the following elements of jazz most likely has its origin in West African musical traditions?
A- the emphasis on a tonal harmonic structure
B- the use of an instrument to mimic a vocalist’s sound
C- the use of traditional African instruments
D- the use of many instruments in a jazz ensemble
E- an impromptu call-and-response between two instruments in the ensemble
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


4. The primary purpose of the passage is to
A-demonstrate how new art forms evolve
B-describe a medium’s diverse cultural genesis and a relevant paradox
C-argue that a new art form has its origins in the geographic location where it developed
D-describe the impact of African culture on an American art form
E-claim that one culture had a greater impact than another on the evolution of a new art form
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B


5.The author of the passage would most likely agree with which of the following statements?
A-Although American football was derived from the English sports of soccer and rugby, it should be called a purely American sport because it was first played in America.
B-Because American football was derived from the English sports of soccer and rugby, it should not be called an American sport.
C-Most sports scholars deny the English origins of American football.
D-What makes American football American is its derivation from the English sports of soccer and rugby.
E-Because the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots, American football should not be called an American sport.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


6.Which of the following provides the best example of the scatting technique used in jazz performance?
A-A female vocalist attempting to vocalize the tone and melodic line just played by a trumpet
B-A male vocalist using the European harmonic system to derive a melodic line
C-A trombone player attempting to imitate the sound of a male vocalist
D-A vocalist improvising lyrics to a song
E-A call and response between two or more instruments in the ensemble
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A




Added 3 more questions(4,5,6) whatever I came across.
Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West   [#permalink] 18 Aug 2015, 08:13
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