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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has

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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has [#permalink] New post 29 May 2007, 03:48
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A
B
C
D
E

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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

please explain you choice indepth....thanks in advance

Last edited by apache on 29 May 2007, 04:52, edited 1 time in total.
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 [#permalink] New post 29 May 2007, 04:40
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=7762

If you post a sentence correction question, please underline the portion which is to be altered
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 [#permalink] New post 29 May 2007, 04:54
edited the post. :-D
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 [#permalink] New post 29 May 2007, 10:29
Quote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating


I think B) is right because 'that' is the right usage here.
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 [#permalink] New post 29 May 2007, 11:24
B it is.

We need that to refer the immediate noun and verbs are parallal
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 [#permalink] New post 29 May 2007, 13:51
I choose B.

The modifier "that" is used to introduce a modifying phrase that is "essential" to the meaning of the sentence.

In this sentence the modifier "that" is rightly used to modify "langauge variations" using the modifying phrase "originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated ".
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 [#permalink] New post 29 May 2007, 18:38
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

Between B & C
My Answer : B ( i guess we need that, otherwise sentence has no meaning )
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Re: perpetuated -SC [#permalink] New post 30 May 2007, 09:22
apache wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

please explain you choice indepth....thanks in advance


The issue is not only to chose the right modifier. Note that in A dialects orignate and in B they originatED.
"Perpetuated BY" is passive, so it can not be parallel to active "originated"
That's why I think B is wrong.
It is D in my opinion.
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 [#permalink] New post 30 May 2007, 09:34
Between B and C . Initially chose C but I think 'that' makes more sense.So, B for me.
also 'originated from' and 'perpetuated by' are parallel.
  [#permalink] 30 May 2007, 09:34
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