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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has

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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has [#permalink] New post 17 Mar 2008, 01:44
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D
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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating







In this problem, I chose B, but the OA is D. Why is that? would someone please provide me a grammatical explanation?
thanks!
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Re: SC: Prepositional Twists [#permalink] New post 17 Mar 2008, 12:48
tarek99 wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating


In this problem, I chose B, but the OA is D. Why is that? would someone please provide me a grammatical explanation?
thanks!



I'm not an expert, but would try to explain.

In B, "that" points to only those variations that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages. So, it tells us that there are other reasons (unexplained) of these variations besides the diverse ethnic and cultural heritages.

In D, it is assumed that the variations originate from nothing but the diverse ethnic and cultural heritages. So, originating correctly modifies the language variations (regional dialects).
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Re: SC: Prepositional Twists [#permalink] New post 17 Mar 2008, 13:49
thanks for your input, but I will have to disagree with you. Placing a present particple next to the subject without a comma produces the same meaning as "that" does. The present participle does it more concisely. Eg:

1) The dogs that barked....

2) The dogs barking....

Both the sentences imply that there other dogs that didn't barked. So there must other reasons behind its usage in this question.
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Re: SC: Prepositional Twists [#permalink] New post 17 Mar 2008, 14:26
tarek99 wrote:
thanks for your input, but I will have to disagree with you. Placing a present particple next to the subject without a comma produces the same meaning as "that" does. The present participle does it more concisely. Eg:

1) The dogs that barked....

2) The dogs barking....

Both the sentences imply that there other dogs that didn't barked. So there must other reasons behind its usage in this question.



I am not a native speaker. So I believe I can be wrong.

Where did you read that Placing a present particple next to the subject without a comma produces the same meaning as "that" does. The present participle does it more concisely


thanks
Re: SC: Prepositional Twists   [#permalink] 17 Mar 2008, 14:26
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