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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has

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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2008, 16:49
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A
B
C
D
E

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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

A. which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

B. that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

C. originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

D. originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

E. originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating
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Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2008, 19:14
A. which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
"which" seems redundant here. Moreover "originate" and "perpetuated" are not parallel.

B. that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
"that" seems redundant here.

C. originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
Seems OK.

D. originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
"originating" and "perpetuated" are not parallel.

E. originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating
"originating" and "perpetuating" is in wrong tense.

IMO C.
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Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2008, 19:17
OA is D.

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Last edited by x97agarwal on 02 Jul 2008, 19:22, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2008, 19:18
Excellent explanation at following link.
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Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2008, 19:26
rpmodi wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

A. which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

B. that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

C. originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

D. originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

E. originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating




language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
- is a subordinate clause and needs a participal - originating.

D,E -remain.

preptuated by - correct usgae.

D
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Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2008, 19:47
goalsnr wrote:
rpmodi wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

A. which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

B. that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

C. originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

D. originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

E. originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating




language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
- is a subordinate clause and needs a participal - originating.

D,E -remain.

preptuated by - correct usgae.

D


does all subordinating clauses starts with participle? 'originating' is correct due to parallel structure. B would be right if it has used that originated from with and that were perpetuated by.
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Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2008, 20:46
Still I am not getting... why D is correct..

Please explain with more examples...
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Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2008, 22:54
Is this an Official Question?

doesn't seem like one...

You'd never see something like this on the GMAT.
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Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2008, 14:34
StartupAddict wrote:
Is this an Official Question?

doesn't seem like one...

You'd never see something like this on the GMAT.


I have questions like these in the OG and verbal guide.
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Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2008, 14:58
rishi2377 wrote:
goalsnr wrote:
rpmodi wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

A. which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

B. that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

C. originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

D. originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

E. originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating




language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
- is a subordinate clause and needs a participal - originating.

D,E -remain.

preptuated by - correct usgae.

D


does all subordinating clauses starts with participle? 'originating' is correct due to parallel structure. B would be right if it has used that originated from with and that were perpetuated by.


Iam not denying the IIlism factor. My approach to this SC was from the perspective of dissecting the structure of the sentence and filling in the gaps.


To answer your question-does all subordinating clauses starts with participle?
-No. The use of "ing " form of a verb in a sentence depends on the manner in which the dependent and independent clauses are arranged in a sentence.
Example 1
ANALYSTS PREDICT THAT THE STOCK MARKETS WILL
CRASH WHEN THE FEDS RAISE INTEREST RATES


In the above SC ANALYSTS PREDICT is a dependent clause and THE STOCK MARKETS WILL
CRASH WHEN THE FEDS RAISE INTEREST RATES is the independent clause. The dependent and independent clauses are connected by "that"

Example 2:
The tribals, hoping for the rain ,danced in the ring.
Hoping for the rain ,the tribals danced in the ring.
The tribals danced in the ring,hoping for the rain.
In the above 3 sentences , are examples of an "ing" verb in a dependent clause.

Hope this helps.
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Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2008, 17:37
goalsnr wrote:
rpmodi wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

A. which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

B. that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

C. originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

D. originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

E. originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating




language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
- is a subordinate clause and needs a participal - originating.

D,E -remain.

preptuated by - correct usgae.

D



well if you say subordination, the more inclined choice would be B. Would you choose B if there were a that before perpetuated?

I was oscillating between B and D when I noticed that B lacked parallelism.
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Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2008, 17:48
Another thing about this question is the meaning itself.

1st Part

"regional dialects, language variations" is an on-going process constantly evolving(changing for good or bad), hence we must use present continuous tense(ie originating).

2nd Part

What perpetuated by geographic isolation?

Its indeed the language itself that happened a long time ago. Hence use of simple past tense perpetuated.

Hope this helps!!
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Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2008, 18:39
Ashwin_Mohan wrote:
goalsnr wrote:
rpmodi wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

A. which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

B. that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

C. originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

D. originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

E. originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating




language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
- is a subordinate clause and needs a participal - originating.

D,E -remain.

preptuated by - correct usgae.

D



well if you say subordination, the more inclined choice would be B. Would you choose B if there were a that before perpetuated?

I was oscillating between B and D when I noticed that B lacked parallelism.


If you put "that " before perpetuated you would end up with a comma splice.That would be incorrect anyways.
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Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2008, 18:41
Ashwin_Mohan wrote:
Another thing about this question is the meaning itself.

1st Part

"regional dialects, language variations" is an on-going process constantly evolving(changing for good or bad), hence we must use present continuous tense(ie originating).

2nd Part

What perpetuated by geographic isolation?

Its indeed the language itself that happened a long time ago. Hence use of simple past tense perpetuated.

Hope this helps!!


I agree this SC is testing for meaning. But its a little difficullt for me to guess what's on-going without indicators suc as "since"
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Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2008, 18:42
well if you say subordination, the more inclined choice would be B. Would you choose B if there were a that before perpetuated?

I was oscillating between B and D when I noticed that B lacked parallelism.[/quote]

If you put "that " before perpetuated you would end up with a comma splice.That would be incorrect anyways.[/quote]

I keep hearing that term 'comma splice'. What is it really?
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Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2008, 18:55
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Ashwin_Mohan wrote:
well if you say subordination, the more inclined choice would be B. Would you choose B if there were a that before perpetuated?

I was oscillating between B and D when I noticed that B lacked parallelism.


If you put "that " before perpetuated you would end up with a comma splice.That would be incorrect anyways.[/quote]

I keep hearing that term 'comma splice'. What is it really?[/quote]

COmma spice - 2 independent sentences separated by a comma.
How to correct the comma splice- Replace the comma with a conjuction
Re: SC:perpetuated Vs perpetuating   [#permalink] 03 Jul 2008, 18:55
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