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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has

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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2008, 08:55
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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating
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Re: SC-increased popularity [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2008, 09:02
vivektripathi wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating



A. Which is never used as a restrictive modifier, we need that..
D and E

Lack of parallelism

How?

Has led to -past hence * ing is incorrect

C-we need a modifier such as "that"

Choose B

Correct modifer and parallelsim of "orginated" and "perpetuated"
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Re: SC-increased popularity [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2008, 09:10
IMO B....since we have "increased"....originated and perpetuated is required for ||ism, therefore A, D and E out, out of B and C I will go with B since there is no comma and we need connector like "that" or "which".

"Which" is out because of no comma....so go with B
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Re: SC-increased popularity [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2008, 09:33
vivektripathi wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating


originated vs originating = originated wins

B
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Re: SC-increased popularity [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2008, 18:52
vivektripathi wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating


IMO D.

Note that "perpetuated" is not a verb in this sentence!
It is an adjective, describing "regional dialects, language variations".

A, B, C use "originate" in verb form, though what we need is an adjective for parallelism.

E is out because 'perpetuating by' is awkward.

By the way, "The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led ...is this correct?
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Re: SC-increased popularity [#permalink] New post 05 Dec 2008, 00:19
i have had this doubt earlier...which is better...using relative pronoun+ simple verb modifer("that originated") or adjectival for "originating"?
secondly, do we need restrictive modifier here "that" for regional dialects?
alpha_plus_gamma wrote:
vivektripathi wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating


IMO D.

Note that "perpetuated" is not a verb in this sentence!
It is an adjective, describing "regional dialects, language variations".

A, B, C use "originate" in verb form, though what we need is an adjective for parallelism.

E is out because 'perpetuating by' is awkward.

By the way, "The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led ...is this correct?
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Re: SC-increased popularity [#permalink] New post 05 Dec 2008, 02:05
I am tied between B and E. Out of these two, i would go for E.

Whats the QA vivek ?
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Re: SC-increased popularity [#permalink] New post 05 Dec 2008, 02:37
vivektripathi wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuatedoriginated is the wrong tense used.
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuatedoriginated is the wrong tense used.
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating
led.. perpetuated..
Out of A& D D is more succinct.. which originate ... is two word ... while originating is single.. :) .. what is the OA
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Re: SC-increased popularity [#permalink] New post 05 Dec 2008, 04:00
alpha_plus_gamma wrote:
vivektripathi wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating


IMO D.

Note that "perpetuated" is not a verb in this sentence!
It is an adjective, describing "regional dialects, language variations".

A, B, C use "originate" in verb form, though what we need is an adjective for parallelism.



so, you mean to say in D, "Orginating" is an adjective.
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Re: SC-increased popularity [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2008, 02:23
After second look, I am drawn towards D. It sounds more correct.

Its time for QA i guess ???
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Re: SC-increased popularity [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2008, 22:40
I still go with B.
BTW can sum1 explain wht is restrictive modifier?
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Re: SC-increased popularity [#permalink] New post 12 Dec 2008, 01:01
Okie guys,

D

"Orginating" and "perpetuated" are actually parallel to each other

How?

One is present particple and other is past participle

and they parallel also in meaning

"Orginating means getting new life" Beginning of life

"perpetuate means preserving from extinction ie end of life"

It looks greek when explained. But read the explanation of a similar qtn

OG 11. eg. 39

Its very much similar to "spawned" and "extending"

( spawned meant something in the past and extending meant something that still continued onto the present)
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Re: SC-increased popularity [#permalink] New post 12 Dec 2008, 11:01
vivektripathi wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating



D. for llism.

My rule:- When the question has such llism issue, I would chose the first with "-ing" and the second with "-ed" or vice versa.
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Re: SC-increased popularity [#permalink] New post 14 Dec 2008, 04:22
vivektripathi wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating


OA is D,
Re: SC-increased popularity   [#permalink] 14 Dec 2008, 04:22
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