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# The increasing complexity of scientific inquiry has led to a

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The increasing complexity of scientific inquiry has led to a [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2009, 18:29
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The increasing complexity of scientific inquiry has
led to a proliferation of multiauthored technical
articles. Reports of clinical trials involving patients
from several hospitals are usually coauthored by
physicians from each participating hospital.
Likewise, physics papers reporting results from
experiments using subsystems developed at various
laboratories generally have authors from each
laboratory.

If all of the statements above are true, which one of
the following must be true?

(A) Clinical trials involving patients from several
hospitals are never conducted solely by
physicians from just one hospital.
(B) Most reports of clinical trials involving patients
from several hospitals have multiple authors.
(C) When a technical article has multiple authors,
they are usually from different institutions.
(D) Physics papers authored by researchers from
multiple laboratories usually report results
from experiments using subsystems
developed at each laboratory.
(E) Most technical articles are authored solely by
the researchers who conducted the
experiments these articles report.
If you have any questions
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Re: The increasing complexity of scientific inquiry has led to a [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2012, 06:18
1
KUDOS
bipolarbear wrote:
The increasing complexity of scientific inquiry has
led to a proliferation of multiauthored technical
articles. Reports of clinical trials involving patients
from several hospitals are usually coauthored by
physicians from each participating hospital.

Likewise, physics papers reporting results from
experiments using subsystems developed at various
laboratories generally have authors from each
laboratory.

If all of the statements above are true, which one of
the following must be true?

(A) Clinical trials involving patients from several
hospitals are never conducted solely by
physicians from just one hospital.
(B) Most reports of clinical trials involving patients
from several hospitals have multiple authors.
(C) When a technical article has multiple authors,
they are usually from different institutions.
(D) Physics papers authored by researchers from
multiple laboratories usually report results
from experiments using subsystems
developed at each laboratory.
(E) Most technical articles are authored solely by
the researchers who conducted the
experiments these articles report.

B is almost the same as the part of the stimulus shaded in blue.
+1B
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Re: The increasing complexity of scientific inquiry has led to a [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2013, 05:28
1
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(A) Clinical trials involving patients from several hospitals are never conducted solely by physicians from just one hospital.
Clinical trials from several hospitals are usually co-authored. Never is too strong here.
(B) Most reports of clinical trials involving patients from several hospitals have multiple authors.
The text says that 'Clinical trials from several hospitals are usually co-athored'. Bingo, so most reports are co-authored.
(C) When a technical article has multiple authors, they are usually from different institutions.
Text does not mention.
(D) Physics papers authored by researchers from multiple laboratories usually report results from experiments using subsystems developed at each laboratory.
Relationship reversed. Just because the authors are from multiple laboratories doesn't mean that they mainly use sub-sustems from each laboratory.
(E) Most technical articles are authored solely by the researchers who conducted the experiments these articles report.
Multi-authored technical articles have increased lately, according to the text. But we know nothing about the ratio/proportion between single and multiauthored.
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05 Jun 2009, 20:46
IMO..B
Time taken: 2.5 mins
OA plz?
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06 Jun 2009, 02:45
IMO B
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06 Jun 2009, 09:38
I'd go with E
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28 Aug 2011, 21:06
bipolarbear wrote:
The increasing complexity of scientific inquiry has
led to a proliferation of multiauthored technical
articles. Reports of clinical trials involving patients
from several hospitals are usually coauthored by
physicians from each participating hospital.
Likewise, physics papers reporting results from
experiments using subsystems developed at various
laboratories generally have authors from each
laboratory.

If all of the statements above are true, which one of
the following must be true?

(A) Clinical trials involving patients from several
hospitals are never conducted solely by
physicians from just one hospital. undesirable tone !
(B) Most reports of clinical trials involving patients
from several hospitals have multiple authors. most warrants to rethink but lets keep it for the time being
(C) When a technical article has multiple authors,
they are usually from different institutions. no where passage mentions so, reverse the argument
(D) Physics papers authored by researchers from
multiple laboratories usually report results
from experiments using subsystems
developed at each laboratory. Damn, so convoluted language but changes the order of argument
(E) Most technical articles are authored solely by
the researchers who conducted the

A hard one took 2.28 mins to complete !
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28 Aug 2011, 23:18
I will go with B here. B looks a restatement of the second sentence.

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Re: The increasing complexity of scientific inquiry has led to a [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2013, 00:01
B. Says MOST. Isnt it extreme?

I like D.
Premise : Reports of clinical trials involving patients from several hospitals -> usually coauthored by physicians -> each participating hospital.
Likewise, physics papers reporting (experiments using subsystems developed at various laboratories) generally have authors from each laboratory.

Can anyone explain why D is wrong (if it is wrong) ?
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Re: The increasing complexity of scientific inquiry has led to a [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2013, 13:15
Here's how I'd approach this one:

It's a Draw a Conclusion questions type, so only premises are given. The correct answer should not require any assumptions or logical leaps, no matter how probable they might be. The correct answer is likely to be a rephrase of one or more of the premises.

The argument can be diagrammed as follows
Increasing complexity --> More multi-author articles.

Example 1: Clinical trials: Patients from several hospitals --> authors USUALLY from those hospitals.

Example 2: Physics papers: Experiments using systems from various labs--> results GENERALLY reported by authors from those labs.

Now the choices, with key/limiting words emphasized
A. Clinical trials: Patients from several hospitals-->NEVER conducted by physicians from just one hospital. NEVER is too strong, this cannot be proven with the info given.

B. Clinical trianls: Patients from several hospitals --> MOST reporst have several authors. This is a very close restatement of Example 1.

C. Technical article: Multiple authors means various institutions are represented. Technical article too general, too much of a leap to turn the causation around. We are told that multiple institutions --> multiple authors, but you could have multiple authors from one institution, so you can't necessarily conclude that multiple authors -->multiple institutions.

D. Physics papers: Multiple authors from multiple labs -->experiments USUALLY used systems from multiple labs. Like (C), this turns the causation around. We are told that if multiple systems are used in the experiment, the report is written by authors at the lab that developed the system, but multiple authors might contribute to a paper for other reasons, too.

E. Technical articles: MOST authored only by researchers who conducted the experiments. The premise actually was that reports are authored by people who work at the institution where the experiment was done or the system developed, but that doesn't mean the authors were the people who actually ran the experiments.
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Re: The increasing complexity of scientific inquiry has led to a [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2013, 16:31
summer101 wrote:
B. Says MOST. Isnt it extreme?

I like D.
Premise : Reports of clinical trials involving patients from several hospitals -> usually coauthored by physicians -> each participating hospital.
Likewise, physics papers reporting (experiments using subsystems developed at various laboratories) generally have authors from each laboratory.

Can anyone explain why D is wrong (if it is wrong) ?

It was close between B & D. This is how i eliminated D.

In stimulus,
E2: Physics papers: Experiments using systems from various labs --> Generally reported by authors from those labs.

AC: have authors from each laboratory. Each present a restriction which is not obvious from the "various".

Hope this help!
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Re: The increasing complexity of scientific inquiry has led to a [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2014, 14:09
bipolarbear wrote:
The increasing complexity of scientific inquiry has
led to a proliferation of multiauthored technical
articles. Reports of clinical trials involving patients
from several hospitals are usually coauthored by
physicians from each participating hospital.
Likewise, physics papers reporting results from
experiments using subsystems developed at various
laboratories generally have authors from each
laboratory.

If all of the statements above are true, which one of
the following must be true?

(A) Clinical trials involving patients from several
hospitals are never conducted solely by
physicians from just one hospital.
(B) Most reports of clinical trials involving patients
from several hospitals have multiple authors.
(C) When a technical article has multiple authors,
they are usually from different institutions.
(D) Physics papers authored by researchers from
multiple laboratories usually report results
from experiments using subsystems
developed at each laboratory.
(E) Most technical articles are authored solely by
the researchers who conducted the
experiments these articles report.

I'm going with B

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Re: The increasing complexity of scientific inquiry has led to a [#permalink]

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01 May 2014, 09:35
OA B.

Explanation:
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/the ... t7121.html
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Re: The increasing complexity of scientific inquiry has led to a [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2015, 07:07
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