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The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ...

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Director
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Status: 1,750 Q's attempted and counting
Affiliations: University of Florida
Joined: 09 Jul 2013
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GMAT 3: 570 Q42 V28
GMAT 4: 610 Q44 V30
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WE: Accounting (Accounting)
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Kudos [?]: 252 [0], given: 629

The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ... [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2013, 10:06
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

70% (01:53) correct 30% (01:39) wrong based on 61 sessions
The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage economic policy on an
enormous scale with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member
states, and it includes
Montenegro, the most recent addition to the Fund's ranks.

(A) with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member states, and it includes

(B) with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member states, including

(C) of a 24-country Executive Board representing 185 member states, each that now includes

(D) of a 24-country Executive Board, representatives of 185 member states and including

(E) of a 24-country Executive Board representatives of 185 member states and each had included



GH-01.10.13 - OE to follow...
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ... [#permalink] New post 15 Oct 2013, 02:35
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Rather than looking at "with & of" split its better to see the end of the underlined portion to better understand the meaning of the sentence.

The use of "And" is incorrect in option A,D,E as the intended meaning of the sentence should NOT be presented in a compound sentence.

Also in options D&E, "representatives is an incorrect modifier referring to The Board.
Option C - representing is the correct modifier but should be preceded by a comma.

Thus, the remaining answer choice A presents the meaning of the sentence clearly.

Hope the helps !
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Re: The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ... [#permalink] New post 15 Oct 2013, 03:10
avohden wrote:
The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage economic policy on an
enormous scale with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member
states, and it includes
Montenegro, the most recent addition to the Fund's ranks.

(A) with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member states, and it includes

(B) with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member states, including

(C) of a 24-country Executive Board representing 185 member states, each that now includes

(D) of a 24-country Executive Board, representatives of 185 member states and including

(E) of a 24-country Executive Board representatives of 185 member states and each had included



GH-01.10.13 - OE to follow...


Applying "with/of" split. Using Of changes the meaning on the sentence. Eliminate options C,D,E.
Through usage i know that including sounds correct.
Can someone explain the grammatical rules behing using the -ing form of the verb?

Thanks,
KayK
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Manager
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Posts: 95
Location: India
Concentration: Finance
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V33
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Re: The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ... [#permalink] New post 15 Oct 2013, 04:19
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(A) with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member states, and it includes---- Incorrect because we do not know what IT refers to (IMF or Executive Board)

(B) with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member states, including--- CORRECT.

(C) of a 24-country Executive Board representing 185 member states, each that now includes ---- After executive board there should be a comma because representing 185 member states is modifying Executive board. Also each that now includes is wordy and awkward.

(D) of a 24-country Executive Board, representatives of 185 member states and including--- I feel the and is not needed and the same issues with representatives explained in E.

(E) of a 24-country Executive Board representatives of 185 member states and each had included--- Incorrect because a change in tenses is not needed. The executive board is not a representative of the member states. To me it sounds like there is more than one representative of the 185 member states.
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: 1,750 Q's attempted and counting
Affiliations: University of Florida
Joined: 09 Jul 2013
Posts: 513
Location: United States (FL)
Schools: UFL (A)
GMAT 1: 600 Q45 V29
GMAT 2: 590 Q35 V35
GMAT 3: 570 Q42 V28
GMAT 4: 610 Q44 V30
GPA: 3.45
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Followers: 20

Kudos [?]: 252 [0], given: 629

Re: The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ... [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2013, 10:36
Official Explanation

Answer: B
The most obvious difference among the answer choices is "with" and "of." Using "of" after "an enormous scale" makes it sound like the 24-country board is what makes the scale enormous. In fact, the 24-country board is how the IMF manages economic policy; the board does so "with" the IMF. That leaves us with (A) and (B). The difference between those two choices is at the end: "and it includes" or "including." "and it includes" makes "includes" parallel to "attempts," implying that the IMF includes Montenegro. That is vague; better to use the construction in (B), which implies that Montenegro is one of the 185 member states. Choice (B) is correct.

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Re: The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ...   [#permalink] 22 Oct 2013, 10:36
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