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The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists

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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2012, 04:22
I tried to rephrase it as

there is no significant difference in the underlying mental processes of different cultures.

Something like that,

Then looked for answers.

D,E fit first and then E clearly was not the right phrase, eliminated it.

I know this is not the smoothest/recommended process. For some reason my brain wanted to rephrase and it appeared that the solution became easy.
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2012, 07:23
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Hi All,

The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

Image

I personally feel that many of you have gotten confused in selecting the correct answer because the meaning of the sentence is not very clear. So let us first understand the meaning of the sentence. This sentence says that many psychologists and anthropologists carried out investigation and found out that there are very few aspects that are drastically different in the thought processes expressed by people belonging to different cultures.

Image

Now that we understand the meaning, it’s time to figure out the errors in the sentence. The underlined phrase “of there being” does not clearly convey that this generalization is about something. Also this “little” itself is not a “significant difference”. There is little that is “significantly different”. Hence, this phrase has to be reworded too. Now let’s run the POE to get the correct answer.

POE:

Choice A: of there being little that is a significant difference: Incorrect for reason stated above.

Choice B: of there being little that is significantly different: Incorrect as it repeats the “of there being” issue as in Choice A.

Choice C: of little that is significantly different: Incorrect. This choice distorts the meaning of the sentence because now it says “generalization of little”. The generalization is not about little.

Choice D: that there is little that is significantly different: Correct. This choice corrects both the errors in the original sentence. What this generalization is about is absolutely clear from the “that clause”. Also, it correctly conveys that there is very little that is significantly different.

Choice E: that there is little of significant differences: Incorrect as “differences” is a countable noun and hence, we should use “few” and not “little”.

Image

1. It is very important to understand the intended meaning of the sentence to arrive at the correct answer.
2. Use correct expressions to clearly convey the intended meaning.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2012, 10:03
(D) Vs (E)
if (E) is incorrect then please experts help me to get the right answer's reasoning.
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2012, 06:42
Was confused between D and E chose E. but looking back, E has

"is"---"differences" hence leaves us with D!

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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2012, 06:57
good question
@nus, I doubt whether ellipsis is an issue here. But rather, I tend to view 'little' as a pronoun.
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2012, 12:30
I first selected E, which is incorrect as "is little of differences" is incorrect because IMO "little" in this context must be used with uncountable. Alternatively it can be written as " are few of differences" but this construction will change the meaning. Another construction can be " are little differences" but this again will change the meaning. So E is the correct. The trap here is use of "Differences in" and "Different in " which forces us to think that E is unidiomatic.
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2013, 00:01
ugimba wrote:
The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

(A) of there being little that is a significant difference
(B) of there being little that is significantly different
(C) of little that is significantly different
(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little of significant differences

please explain.


It should be "generalizations that". Hence, A, B and C are out!
This is about the differences of underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

"there is little that is significantly different in the underlying process" vs.
"there is little of significant differences in the underlying process"

Differences is countable. So it should be there is few significant differences in the underlying process. E is out!
that is significantly different is not countable but a situation... So, little that is significantly different... CORRECT.

Answer: D
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2013, 02:16
The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

(A) of there being little that is a significant difference that is missing, unnecessary "Being"
(B) of there being little that is significantly different that is missing, unnecessary "Being"
(C) of little that is significantly different that is missing
(D) that there is little that is significantly different correct
(E) that there is little of significant differences incorrect usage of little with differences(countable)
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2014, 07:39
i an not even able to understand the question
can some one explain me
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2014, 05:27
Idiomatic usage. In the phrase 'little of X', the X has to be a singular quantity. If it's plural (like 'differences'), then you have to use few.
so E is out and D is the correct option!!
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2015, 14:06
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2015, 03:54
Why Option E is wrong

Idiomatic usage. In the phrase 'little of X', the X has to be a singular quantity. If it's plural (like 'differences'), then you have to use few.
There was very little food left over at the end of the party.
There were very few crab cakes left over at the end of the party.


Explanation given by Ron (Mgmat) - https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t1646.html
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2015, 07:47
D because of perfect parallelism, no usage of the awkward being construction
E didn't seem right because of 'little of significant differences'
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2015, 00:29
ugimba wrote:
The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

(A) of there being little that is a significant difference
(B) of there being little that is significantly different
(C) of little that is significantly different
(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little of significant differences

please explain.



is 'generalization of' correct usage? I narrowed down to D and E based on correct usage of idiom 'generalization that'
I selected D because 'different from' sounds better rather than 'differences from' ?
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2015, 03:15
Generalization of, per se, is a common usage in several instances, such as generalization of human behavior, generalization of climatic conditions such as tropical, subtropical, temperate etc. However, whenever we want to present a report, a theory, a finding or a recording, it is usual to present in a relative clause that describes the generalization in further terms.

Also, see another similar OG 12 example, which goes as

Gall’s hypothesis of there being different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today.

(A) of there being different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today
(B) of different mental functions that are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today
(C) that different mental functions are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today
(D) which is that there are different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today
(E) which is widely accepted today is that there are different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain
OA is C.
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2015, 04:28
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rohan89 wrote:
ugimba wrote:
The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

(A) of there being little that is a significant difference
(B) of there being little that is significantly different
(C) of little that is significantly different
(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little of significant differences

please explain.



is 'generalization of' correct usage? I narrowed down to D and E based on correct usage of idiom 'generalization that'
I selected D because 'different from' sounds better rather than 'differences from' ?
daagh chetan2u


Hi rohan89,
Daagh has already covered some aspects. I'll try to explain, which may have some repetition from above post..
1) Generalization of
"generalization of" is not completely wrong but depends on the usage..
for it to be correct, of' should be followed with a 'noun' example "generalization of behaviour", "generalization of rules" etc ..
But it cannot modify entire clause as in this case...
if you have to modify an entire clause or aspect... it should be generalization that....

2_) different from vs differences from....
different is an adjective and D uses it correctly...
Differences is a noun and would be correctly used if we say " there differences have grown from the time I met them last..
and YES, you are correct on both the aspects as related to this Q..
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2016, 21:08
ugimba wrote:
The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

(A) of there being little that is a significant difference
(B) of there being little that is significantly different
(C) of little that is significantly different
(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little of significant differences

please explain.


A and B out - being
C fragment
D Correct.
E Does not make sense.
Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists   [#permalink] 21 Jan 2016, 21:08

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