The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists

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05 Mar 2009, 19:05
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Question Stats:

57% (01:44) correct 43% (00:55) wrong based on 2004 sessions

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The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

(A) of there being little that is a significant difference
(B) of there being little that is significantly different
(C) of little that is significantly different
(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little of significant differences

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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03 May 2012, 06:23
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Hi All,

The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

I personally feel that many of you have gotten confused in selecting the correct answer because the meaning of the sentence is not very clear. So let us first understand the meaning of the sentence. This sentence says that many psychologists and anthropologists carried out investigation and found out that there are very few aspects that are drastically different in the thought processes expressed by people belonging to different cultures.

Now that we understand the meaning, it’s time to figure out the errors in the sentence. The underlined phrase “of there being” does not clearly convey that this generalization is about something. Also this “little” itself is not a “significant difference”. There is little that is “significantly different”. Hence, this phrase has to be reworded too. Now let’s run the POE to get the correct answer.

POE:

Choice A: of there being little that is a significant difference: Incorrect for reason stated above.

Choice B: of there being little that is significantly different: Incorrect as it repeats the “of there being” issue as in Choice A.

Choice C: of little that is significantly different: Incorrect. This choice distorts the meaning of the sentence because now it says “generalization of little”. The generalization is not about little.

Choice D: that there is little that is significantly different: Correct. This choice corrects both the errors in the original sentence. What this generalization is about is absolutely clear from the “that clause”. Also, it correctly conveys that there is very little that is significantly different.

Choice E: that there is little of significant differences: Incorrect as “differences” is a countable noun and hence, we should use “few” and not “little”.

1. It is very important to understand the intended meaning of the sentence to arrive at the correct answer.
2. Use correct expressions to clearly convey the intended meaning.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1-- investigations of psychologists [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2009, 19:42
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D. (A/B out being) (E out little of) (C general of little out)
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1-- investigations of psychologists [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2010, 08:49
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D. A,B,C are out because the of doesn't work
E is out because of the of also.
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1-- investigations of psychologists [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 07:05
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I did not find a convincing answer for E to be incorrect.

I googled this question and found the following explanation which makes sense:

Idiomatic usage. In the phrase 'little of X', the X has to be a singular quantity. If it's plural (like 'differences'), then you have to use few.

Examples:

There was very little food left over at the end of the party.
There were very few crab cakes left over at the end of the party.

E is wrong. "little of significant differences" is incorrect because differences is plural. we cannot use little.
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1-- investigations of psychologists [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2009, 21:25
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Conkergmat, could you explain in detail why you ruled out E. To me, only options are A and E (for use of "differences in") and D is out. But, since A is awkward, E should be the answer.
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1-- investigations of psychologists [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2009, 22:03
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In D 'That' correctly refers to " there is little".

IMO D
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06 Mar 2009, 14:58
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I think, only D and E can come close - I went for E.
Idiom: difference in X (X being noun).

ugimba wrote:
The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

a) of there being little that is a significant difference
b) of there being little that is significantly different
c) of little that is significantly different
d) that there is little that is significantly different
e) that there is little of significant differences

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Re: SC -- gmatprep1-- investigations of psychologists [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2009, 23:11
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My choice is E.generalization should be followed by that. Hence D and E are narrowed down. D is wrong bcos correct idiom is "different from". Hence E is the best choice
ugimba wrote:
The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

a) of there being little that is a significant difference
b) of there being little that is significantly different
c) of little that is significantly different
d) that there is little that is significantly different
e) that there is little of significant differences

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Re: SC -- gmatprep1-- investigations of psychologists [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2010, 08:27
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IMO E.
Assuming that everybody narrowed down to choices D & E; this is my explanation for E.
IMO the meaning of sentence is this:
Investigations support the generalization that there is not much difference in the mental processes of people from different cultures.

Now D says "little that is significantly different"
in other words "some(little) mental processes differ significantly among these people"

Now E says that "little of significant differences"
in other words "not much difference between the mental processes of these people".

hence the way E conveys the message of the sentence is much better that D, assuming I haven't left out any grammatical errors unnoticed.
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1-- investigations of psychologists [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2010, 21:33
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Now I see your pain. I re-read the sentence to me again

Sounds ellipsis.

d) that there is little [support] that is significantly different ----> support is ellipsed. Nails D as the answer.

What do you say?
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2015, 03:28
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rohan89 wrote:
ugimba wrote:
The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

(A) of there being little that is a significant difference
(B) of there being little that is significantly different
(C) of little that is significantly different
(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little of significant differences

is 'generalization of' correct usage? I narrowed down to D and E based on correct usage of idiom 'generalization that'
I selected D because 'different from' sounds better rather than 'differences from' ?
daagh chetan2u

Hi rohan89,
Daagh has already covered some aspects. I'll try to explain, which may have some repetition from above post..
1) Generalization of
"generalization of" is not completely wrong but depends on the usage..
for it to be correct, of' should be followed with a 'noun' example "generalization of behaviour", "generalization of rules" etc ..
But it cannot modify entire clause as in this case...
if you have to modify an entire clause or aspect... it should be generalization that....

2_) different from vs differences from....
different is an adjective and D uses it correctly...
Differences is a noun and would be correctly used if we say " there differences have grown from the time I met them last..
and YES, you are correct on both the aspects as related to this Q..
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01 Oct 2016, 02:09
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nishant12600 wrote:
ugimba wrote:
The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

(A) of there being little that is a significant difference
(B) of there being little that is significantly different
(C) of little that is significantly different
(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little of significant differences

daagh
Could you please shed some light into the grammatically correct use of following construction:

D)that there is little that is significantly different

I m frequently making errors in such constructions.

The first "that" refers to "generalization". The modifier "that that there is little that is significantly different" modifies "generalization".

The second "that" is nested within the modifier "that that there is little that is significantly different". The second "that" refers to "little". The nested modifier "that is significantly different" modifies "little".

The structure may be thought of as below:

....the generalization [that there is little (that is significantly different)].
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1-- investigations of psychologists [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2009, 23:49
in E "there is little of significant differences" is wordy

IMO D.."different from" is CORRECT usage here
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1-- investigations of psychologists [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2009, 08:07
ugimba wrote:
The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

a) of there being little that is a significant difference
b) of there being little that is significantly different
c) of little that is significantly different
d) that there is little that is significantly different
e) that there is little of significant differences

Hi mates,

IMO E

A and B out because of "being"
C sounds wordy: what is "that" modifing?
D sounds wordy: idem
E hold

OA and Source?

Thanks
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1-- investigations of psychologists [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2009, 08:19
Nitya, but in D "from" is missing.
nitya34 wrote:
in E "there is little of significant differences" is wordy

IMO D.."different from" is CORRECT usage here
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09 Mar 2009, 14:41
OA is D. Thanks for the explanations.
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08 Jan 2010, 10:24
Although E jumps out be the first choice but I had to convince why it is D;
different points to generaliization being singular whereas in E differences conflict the number...

damn! these are about 12 in GMAT exam; by the time I am done with it; I hope not to be amnesic...
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1-- investigations of psychologists [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2010, 21:23
The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

a) of there being little that is a significant difference
b) of there being little that is significantly different
c) of little that is significantly different
d) that there is little that is significantly different
e) that there is little of significant differences

Here...
Idiom should be '' --------significantly different from-------"
hence b,c,d ruled out

a is too wordy

Hence choice remains 'E'
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Re: SC -- gmatprep1-- investigations of psychologists [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2010, 01:17
ugimba wrote:
The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

(A) of there being little that is a significant difference
(B) of there being little that is significantly different
(C) of little that is significantly different
(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little of significant differences

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D

Of there being is not GMAT like to A B out.
generalization of little does not make sense.

Now between D and E D looks better to me E I don't seem to know the grammar rule as to what is wrong (that there is little of significant - sounds bad to me).
Re: SC -- gmatprep1-- investigations of psychologists   [#permalink] 11 Jan 2010, 01:17

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