The legislature of the Philippines voted recently to abolish : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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The legislature of the Philippines voted recently to abolish

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The legislature of the Philippines voted recently to abolish [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2012, 20:48
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The legislature of the Philippines voted recently to abolish the death penalty.
In contrast, the death penalty remains legal in the United States. The
difference in the legality of capital punishment demonstrates that the
majority of American citizens believe in the death penalty, while the majority
of Filipino citizens do not. Which of the following is an assumption upon
which the above argument depends?

a) There are more murders per year in the United States than in the Philippines.

b) The legal status of capital punishment in the United States and the Philippines aligns with how the majority of citizens in those respective countries view the death penalty.

c) There are not strong voices opposing the death penalty in the United States.

d) Most American citizens who believe in the death penalty think that it acts as a deterrent for potential criminals, while most Filipino citizens do not.

e) The legal standard used to determine whether a criminal should be sentenced to the death penalty in the United States is similar to the legal
standard used in the Philippines before capital punishment was abolished there.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: CR - Assumption - Death Penalty [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2012, 21:20
vikky267 wrote:
The legislature of the Philippines voted recently to abolish the death penalty.
In contrast, the death penalty remains legal in the United States. The
difference in the legality of capital punishment demonstrates that the
majority of American citizens believe in the death penalty, while the majority
of Filipino citizens do not. Which of the following is an assumption upon
which the above argument depends?

a) There are more murders per year in the United States than in the Philippines.

b) The legal status of capital punishment in the United States and the Philippines aligns with how the majority of citizens in those respective countries view the death penalty.

c) There are not strong voices opposing the death penalty in the United States.

d) Most American citizens who believe in the death penalty think that it acts as a deterrent for potential criminals, while most Filipino citizens do not.

e) The legal standard used to determine whether a criminal should be sentenced to the death penalty in the United States is similar to the legal
standard used in the Philippines before capital punishment was abolished there.

The conclusion of the following argument is " The difference in the legality of capital punishment demonstrates that the majority of American citizens believe in the death penalty, while the majority of Filipino citizens do not".

So, the assumption should hit the conclusion directly.

b follows directly to hit the conclusion and is the best answer because it says that what the majority says is the law.
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Re: CR - Assumption - Death Penalty [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2012, 20:10
A,C,D are out becasue they're irrelavant.
E is pout because "legal standards" in two countries in not connect to passage anyway.
B is correct.

Cheers!
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Re: The legislature of the Philippines voted recently to abolish [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2013, 04:52
The conclusion of the argument is that the majority of American citizens believe
in the death penalty while the majority of Filipino citizens do not. This conclusion
is based solely on the fact that the death penalty is legal in the United States
while it is now illegal in the Philippines. The argument assumes that there is a
link between the legal status of capital punishment and the beliefs of the majority
of citizens.
(A) While the number of murders per year might influence beliefs about capital
punishment, there is certainly no necessary correlation. Moreover, the difference
in the number of murders per year in the United States and the Philippines has
little relevance without knowing the relative populations of the two countries.
(B) CORRECT. It is possible that the legal status of capital punishment in the
United States and the Philippines does NOT align with how the majority of
citizens in those countries view the death penalty. For example, it may be that
the governing bodies of one or both countries are out of touch with the views of
the populace. The argument assumes that this is NOT the case.
(C) Even if there were strong voices opposing the death penalty in the United
States, the argument might still hold. The argument is based on the views of the
majority of citizens in the United States, not on all US citizens.
(D) The argument addresses whether or not citizens of the United States and the
Philippines believe in the death penalty. The reasons behind those beliefs, as
presented in this choice, are irrelevant to the logic of the argument.
(E) The argument is centered on whether or not citizens of the United States and
the Philippines believe in the death penalty. While the legal standard used to
sentence criminals to the death penalty might impact why individuals hold certain
beliefs, it has no impact on the logic of the argument.
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Re: The legislature of the Philippines voted recently to abolish [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2016, 10:40
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Re: The legislature of the Philippines voted recently to abolish   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2016, 10:40
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