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# The Line of descent of apes and human is beleived my most

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Director
Joined: 03 May 2007
Posts: 886
Schools: University of Chicago, Wharton School
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The Line of descent of apes and human is beleived my most [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2007, 18:49
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The Line of descent of apes and human is beleived my most paleontologists that it split into several branches some time between 20 million and 5 million years ago

(A) that it split
(B) to have split
(C) to split
(D) that they were split
(E) to be split
VP
Joined: 28 Mar 2006
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02 Aug 2007, 18:52
believed to be is the correct idiom.

I pick E
Director
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02 Aug 2007, 19:46
'Believed to have' is also a correct idiom.
In this case,B makes more sense as belief still exists...'to have'
Senior Manager
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02 Aug 2007, 22:43
Quote:
The Line of descent of apes and human is beleived my most paleontologists that it split into several branches some time between 20 million and 5 million years ago

(A) that it split
(B) to have split
(C) to split
(D) that they were split
(E) to be split

I vote B.

If it happened 5 to 20 million years ago, it's clearly in the past and won't happen anytime again.

"...it is believed to have" correctly addresses this issue.

If we say "...to be split..." wouldn't that mean it is split and continues today? I think the next phrase (5 to 20 million years ago) would indicate that is no longer the case.

This is just what the voices in my head are telling me..
Manager
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Re: SC: Line of ........... [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2007, 08:24
I'd go with B as well.

A, D are out because "that" doesn't go with the sentence. , C is incomplete.

E makes is sound like the line of descent is split b/w 20 and 5 mil years ago, NOT split of descent between apes and human.

Fistail wrote:
The Line of descent of apes and human is beleived by most paleontologists that it split into several branches some time between 20 million and 5 million years ago

(A) that it split
(B) to have split
(C) to split
(D) that they were split
(E) to be split

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Joined: 29 Mar 2007
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Re: SC: Line of ........... [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2007, 23:35
Fistail wrote:
The Line of descent of apes and human is beleived By most paleontologists that it split into several branches some time between 20 million and 5 million years ago

(A) that it split
(B) to have split
(C) to split
(D) that they were split
(E) to be split

B. (i know its short, but plz underline the part in need of correction)

A. it split? the line of decsent... is believed... that it split??? wrong

C. to split... need present perfect to show a past action

D. they is ambigious and has no clear referent

E. to be split, in my time w/ the GMAT i have been told that to be is usually taboo on the GMAT. but, believed to be split... some time btwn 20 million and 5 million years ago... this construction is akward and requires a construction w/ past action
Director
Joined: 03 May 2007
Posts: 886
Schools: University of Chicago, Wharton School
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Kudos [?]: 175 [0], given: 7

Re: SC: Line of ........... [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2007, 18:39
Fistail wrote:
The Line of descent of apes and human is beleived my most paleontologists that it split into several branches some time between 20 million and 5 million years ago

(A) that it split
(B) to have split
(C) to split
(D) that they were split
(E) to be split

I thought it E but OA is B.
Re: SC: Line of ...........   [#permalink] 05 Aug 2007, 18:39
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