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# The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either

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The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2007, 21:37
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The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded to include the lower vertebrates.

a. exhibits a preference of wither using the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded to include

b. exhibits the preference to use either the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded and includes

c. exhibit a preference in either using the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded to include

d. exhibit a preference for using either the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded to include

e. exhibit the preference as to either using the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded and includes
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Vyshak on 08 Jun 2016, 01:36, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2007, 00:56
go for B.

list of/group of should be treated as singular, if I am right here.
also preference to ...is more idiomatic?
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2007, 01:05
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that refers to animals (not list) so has to be followed by a plural noun exhibit .

list is singular so should take singular noun has

"preference for" is idiomatic.
"prefer to" - e.g. prefer X to Y - is also idiomatic
"preference to" is not idiomatic
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2007, 05:39
I also chose D,

E however confuses me a bit. Is it ever ok to say "preference as to..." or is the idiom always preference for?
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2007, 07:56
I picked B, and I got it wrong.

OA is D.

GMATHopeful explained it well. I thought the subject was LIST so I eliminated C, D, E and already got it wrong by doing that.

GMAThopeful wrote:
that refers to animals (not list) so has to be followed by a plural noun exhibit .

list is singular so should take singular noun has

"preference for" is idiomatic.
"prefer to" - e.g. prefer X to Y - is also idiomatic
"preference to" is not idiomatic
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2007, 12:24
Animals that exhibit, So, A & B are out.

Preference for is better

Choice D.
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2007, 14:31
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I chose D, animals exhibit list has

preference for is correct
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2011, 07:13
IMO:D. sentence should read List of animals that exhibit( Subject Verb agreement)- this rules out a,b. And Preference for is correct usage.
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2011, 10:38
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Another important split is the use of correct parallelism of correlative conjunction ‘either – or’
Only B and D use the correct parallelism of using ‘either the right hand or left hand.’ Then B is wrong because of ‘exhibits
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2011, 17:06
D it is!!

It's not the list that exhibits a preference. The animals are the ones that exhibit a preference.

So it must be the plural verb exhibit.

Choice C is not parallel --> Either [using right hand] or [left hand (*missing the word using]
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2011, 02:45
D
Going by meaning subject of exhibit is animals so eliminate a & b
Preference for is idiomatic so pick D
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2013, 10:01
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An important bunch of rules that will come in handy.. I guarantee

One of the X's that/who <plural>
One of the X's <singular>
Only one of the X's <singular>
Only one of the X's that/who <plural>
The only one of the X's that/who <singular>

C D and E perfectly follows the above rule - The list of animal's that exhibit <plural>
Using POE u can easily arrive at D
Preference for - idiomatic

Hope this helps
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2013, 05:11
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to solve it i used:

The list (of animals that exhibit XXX)

has been expanded (to include XXXX).

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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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15 May 2014, 06:27
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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22 May 2014, 04:12
Hello All,

the sentence states :"The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded to include the lower vertebrates.

"that" is clearly referring to the list, because later the sentence states that "has been expanded to include vertebrates" and "animals" cannot expand to include some other type of animals. The list should expand.

Therefore I think that either A or B should be right.

Please someone provide further explanation.
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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22 May 2014, 05:48
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papua wrote:
Hello All,

the sentence states :"The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded to include the lower vertebrates.

"that" is clearly referring to the list, because later the sentence states that "has been expanded to include vertebrates" and "animals" cannot expand to include some other type of animals. The list should expand.

Therefore I think that either A or B should be right.

Please someone provide further explanation.

Hi papua,

'that' in this sentence refers to 'animals' not 'the list'. You have correctly said that 'animals' cannot be expanded so the subject for the verb 'has been expanded' should be 'the list'. On the similar lines, we can say that 'the list' cannot exhibit preference for using either the right hand or the left hand. So, the subject for the verb exhibit/exhibits should be the one that can exhibit this preference. Hence, 'that' refers to animals.

Let’s understand the structure and meaning of the sentence:

The list of animals
o that exhibits a preference of either using the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot)
has been expanded to include the lower vertebrates.

MEANING

• This sentence tells us about a list of animals. This list has been expanded to include the lower vertebrates.
• These animals exhibit a preference for using either the left hand or the right hand.

Note that, if ‘that’ refers to ‘the list’, then the meaning of the sentence will become the list exhibits a preference for using the left or the right hand. This does not make sense.

OPTION A

1. The singular verb ‘exhibits’ does not agree with the plural ‘that’, since ‘that’ here refers to ‘animals’.
2. ‘preference of’ is incorrect idiomatic usage.

OPTION B

1. The singular verb ‘exhibits’ does not agree with the plural ‘that’, since ‘that’ here refers to ‘animals’.
2. ‘…has been expanded and includes…. ’ does not convey the intended meaning. It should be ‘…..has been expanded to include…. ’, since the purpose of expanding the list was to include the lower vertebrates.

OPTION C

1. ‘preference in’ is incorrect idiomatic usage.
2. The structure ‘either using the right or the left hand’ is not parallel. The structure that follows ‘either’ should be similar to the structure that follows ‘or.

OPTION D

‘Preference for’ is correct usage.
‘using either the right or the left hand’ maintains parallelism.

OPTION E

1. ‘…has been expanded and includes…. ’ does not convey the intended meaning. It should be ‘…..has been expanded to include…. ’, since the purpose of expanding the list was to include the lower vertebrates.
2. ‘preference as to’ is incorrect idiomatic usage.
3. The structure ‘either using the right or the left hand’ is not parallel. The structure that follows ‘either’ should be similar to the structure that follows ‘or.

Hope this helps!
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2014, 20:41
Hi, I'm have a question regarding the use of "that" and "those"

In this question, since "animals" is a plural noun, should we use "those" instead of "that".
--> The list of animals those exhibit...

I thought "that" cannot be used with plural noun. So there is no such rules, right?

Thank you very much in advance.
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2014, 23:10
wutthiyo wrote:
Hi, I'm have a question regarding the use of "that" and "those"

In this question, since "animals" is a plural noun, should we use "those" instead of "that".
--> The list of animals those exhibit...

I thought "that" cannot be used with plural noun. So there is no such rules, right?

Hi! that is actually a very versatile word in English.

Please refer to my post on another thread, where I have described the various avatars of that: http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-use-of-lie-detectors-is-based-on-the-assumption-that-103736.html#p1431999

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses the various avatars of that, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2014, 06:24
Thank you very much, EducationAisle. That's very clear.
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2014, 06:32
The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either using the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded to include the lower vertebrates.

a. exhibits a preference of either using the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded to include -

b. exhibits the preference to use either the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded and includes

c. exhibit a preference in either using the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded to include

d. exhibit a preference for using either the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded to include

e. exhibit the preference as to either using the right or the left hand (i.e. claw, paw, or foot) has been expanded and includes
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Re: The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either   [#permalink] 08 Dec 2014, 06:32

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# The list of animals that exhibits a preference of either

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