The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing

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The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2013, 03:16
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The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing imposes a large burden on people who live or work near airports. When airports operate late at night or early in the morning, the disturbance can disrupt normal sleeping patterns, even leading to severe sleep deprivation disorders. When the flight paths of airplanes lie too close to the ground, the resulting noise interferes with work performance in nearby businesses and the peaceful enjoyment of life by residents in the proximity. However, the operation of an airport, unlike a neighbor who simply plays music too loudly, provides a valuable benefit to the surrounding community, in the form of convenient transportation for both personal and economic purposes. Thus the only option is to establish standards for the reasonable operation of airports and fine those that violate the guidelines.

The bolded phrase plays which of the following roles in the argument above?

1. It explains why one potential alternative to establishing a system of standards and fines is unacceptable.


2. It provides background information that is not directly related to the conclusion of the argument.


3. It supports a policy of stricter regulations for airports than for neighbors playing of music.


4. It undermines the argument advocating a system of regulations and fines for the unreasonable operation of an airport.


5. It explains why some people choose to live near enough to airports to be affected by the noise.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2013, 01:59
can someone please comment why is it A?
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Re: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2013, 12:25
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yogirb8801 wrote:
The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing imposes a large burden on people who live or work near airports. When airports operate late at night or early in the morning, the disturbance can disrupt normal sleeping patterns, even leading to severe sleep deprivation disorders. When the flight paths of airplanes lie too close to the ground, the resulting noise interferes with work performance in nearby businesses and the peaceful enjoyment of life by residents in the proximity. However, the operation of an airport, unlike a neighbor who simply plays music too loudly, provides a valuable benefit to the surrounding community, in the form of convenient transportation for both personal and economic purposes. Thus the only option is to establish standards for the reasonable operation of airports and fine those that violate the guidelines.

The bolded phrase plays which of the following roles in the argument above?


1. It explains why one potential alternative to establishing a system of standards and fines is unacceptable.-Correct- the argument is strengthened by contradicting the alternative..."the operation of an airport, unlike a neighbor who simply plays music too loudly"


2. It provides background information that is not directly related to the conclusion of the argument.-Incorrect-It is important for the conclusion


3. It supports a policy of stricter regulations for airports than for neighbors playing of music.-Incorrect-It does not support the policy..infact it says that both music and airplanes causes noise ..but airplanes atleast provide benefits... music unnecessarily creates noise...


4. It undermines the argument advocating a system of regulations and fines for the unreasonable operation of an airport.-Incorrect- infact a system of regulation is required according to the argument


5. It explains why some people choose to live near enough to airports to be affected by the noise.-Incorrect-Contradicts the argument- Argument says that the noise causes a huge burden on the residents
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Re: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2013, 22:18
imo B or D, they say that there is no conncetion between conclusion and bolface
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Re: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2013, 18:18
yogirb8801 wrote:
The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing imposes a large burden on people who live or work near airports. When airports operate late at night or early in the morning, the disturbance can disrupt normal sleeping patterns, even leading to severe sleep deprivation disorders. When the flight paths of airplanes lie too close to the ground, the resulting noise interferes with work performance in nearby businesses and the peaceful enjoyment of life by residents in the proximity. However, the operation of an airport, unlike a neighbor who simply plays music too loudly, provides a valuable benefit to the surrounding community, in the form of convenient transportation for both personal and economic purposes. Thus the only option is to establish standards for the reasonable operation of airports and fine those that violate the guidelines.

The bolded phrase plays which of the following roles in the argument above?

1. It explains why one potential alternative to establishing a system of standards and fines is unacceptable.


2. It provides background information that is not directly related to the conclusion of the argument.


3. It supports a policy of stricter regulations for airports than for neighbors playing of music.


4. It undermines the argument advocating a system of regulations and fines for the unreasonable operation of an airport.


5. It explains why some people choose to live near enough to airports to be affected by the noise.


A little discussion of the question here
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Re: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2013, 01:12
Agree with A.

Choice D is the exact opposite answer. The bold face statement does not undermine but supports the argument advocating a system of regulations and fines for unreasonable operations.
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Re: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2014, 10:28
juliasanzharova wrote:
can someone please comment why is it A?


It should be A because the bold statement is saying that having airports is beneficial so they should not be fined for the noise they create, unlike a loud music noise coming from a neighbor.

Option A says it is unacceptable to find alternative of fining the airports.
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Re: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2015, 05:10
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Re: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2015, 05:25
A
Bold face sentence explains that y people should not just stop living near airport rather than establishing a system of standards and fines
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Re: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing imposes a large burden on people who live or work near airports. When airports operate late at night or early in the morning, the disturbance can disrupt normal sleeping patterns, even leading to severe sleep deprivation disorders. When the flight paths of airplanes lie too close to the ground, the resulting noise interferes with work performance in nearby businesses and the peaceful enjoyment of life by residents in the proximity. However, the operation of an airport, unlike a neighbor who simply plays music too loudly, provides a valuable benefit to the surrounding community, in the form of convenient transportation for both personal and economic purposes. Thus the only option is to establish standards for the reasonable operation of airports and fine those that violate the guidelines.

The bolded phrase plays which of the following roles in the argument above?

A. It explains why one potential alternative to establishing a system of standards and fines is unacceptable.
It advocates fines to regulate noise but keep the benefits of airport operation instead of ceasing airport operations (the one potential alternative).

B. It provides background information that is not directly related to the conclusion of the argument.
The statement is an opinion, and therefore can't be called "background information."

C. It supports a policy of stricter regulations for airports than for neighbors playing of music.
The neighbors playing music was used to contrast airport noise, not to compare the strictness of regulation.

D. It undermines the argument advocating a system of regulations and fines for the unreasonable operation of an airport.
It actually supports a system of fines and regulations.

E. It explains why some people choose to live near enough to airports to be affected by the noise.
It definitely doesn't do this.
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Re: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2015, 06:51
Thanks to denobitz for pointing the thread that showed that the source of this question is dubious. I spent at least 10 mins on this question.

yogirb8801 wrote:
The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing imposes a large burden on people who live or work near airports. When airports operate late at night or early in the morning, the disturbance can disrupt normal sleeping patterns, even leading to severe sleep deprivation disorders. When the flight paths of airplanes lie too close to the ground, the resulting noise interferes with work performance in nearby businesses and the peaceful enjoyment of life by residents in the proximity. However, the operation of an airport, unlike a neighbor who simply plays music too loudly, provides a valuable benefit to the surrounding community, in the form of convenient transportation for both personal and economic purposes. Thus the only option is to establish standards for the reasonable operation of airports and fine those that violate the guidelines.

The bolded phrase plays which of the following roles in the argument above?

1. It explains why one potential alternative to establishing a system of standards and fines is unacceptable.


2. It provides background information that is not directly related to the conclusion of the argument.


3. It supports a policy of stricter regulations for airports than for neighbors playing of music.


4. It undermines the argument advocating a system of regulations and fines for the unreasonable operation of an airport.


5. It explains why some people choose to live near enough to airports to be affected by the noise.

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The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2016, 06:35
The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing imposes a large burden on people who live or work near airports. When airports operate late at night or early in the morning, the disturbance can disrupt normal sleeping patterns, even leading to severe sleep deprivation disorders. When the flight paths of airplanes lie too close to the ground, the resulting noise interferes with work performance in nearby businesses and the peaceful enjoyment of life by residents in the proximity. However, the operation of an airport, unlike a neighbor who simply plays music too loudly, provides a valuable benefit to the surrounding community, in the form of convenient transportation for both personal and economic purposes. Thus the only option is to establish standards for the reasonable operation of airports and fine those that violate the guidelines.

my thinking : the bold face statement is describing positive side effect of living near the airports .

The bolded phrase plays which of the following roles in the argument above?

1. It explains why one potential alternative to establishing a system of standards and fines is unacceptable.
[color=#00ff00]it is true that the author is in favour of establishing standards and fines . and he does not see any other potential alternative than to establish system of standards and fines . However, the bold statement says that living near airport is advantageous in some respects ,so the statement is in favour of potential alternative solution , and is not in favour of the establishment of standards and fines .
[/color]


2. It provides background information that is not directly related to the conclusion of the argument. NO


3. It supports a policy of stricter regulations for airports than for neighbors playing of music. no it is not supporting a policy of stricter regulations. In fact , it is showing positive side effects of living near the airport .


4. It undermines the argument advocating a system of regulations and fines for the unreasonable operation of an airport. NO


5. It explains why some people choose to live near enough to airports to be affected by the noise. [color=#ff0000]YES , the bold statement supports the reasoning that some people choose to live near enough to airports because people get convenient transportation .
[b]Kindly clarify why E is not correct and how A is correct and what is wrong in my reasoning .[/b]
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Re: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2016, 04:30
1. It explains why one potential alternative to establishing a system of standards and fines is unacceptable.

Where is mention of "one potential alternative"?...some people are saying that "ceasing of airport " is one option. I don't see anything mentioed like that or even hinted anywhere. When there is no alternative...there is no question of being it "unacceptable". This can not be answer.


2. It provides background information that is not directly related to the conclusion of the argument.
It is directly related to conclusion . This can not be answer.

3. It supports a policy of stricter regulations for airports than for neighbors playing of music.
"stricter than" is no where mentioned/infered. So this can not be answer.

4. It undermines the argument advocating a system of regulations and fines for the unreasonable operation of an airport.
It bolsters argument. Does not "undermine". This can not be answer.

5. It explains why some people choose to live near enough to airports to be affected by the noise.
Irrelevant to bold line. Can not be answer.


I will say that none of the answers is correct. This question itself is wrong or not something which we should see in official GMAT. Admin - Please respond.
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The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2016, 06:11
123mba123

If you look closely at this argument, the boldface statement explains why an approach like the conclusion stated, should be used.

That means bold face statement is the premise for the conclusion. Also if you see the reasoning in the argument, you can see that the boldface statement contradicts or provides a counter to the first two facts presented before.

So A can be deduced by :
1) Eliminating all other rather silly answer choices
2) acknowledging that it is a "counter" premise and hence can support any other "alternative" explanation.
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Re: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2016, 06:40
I got your point desertwarrior. But still, I am not convinced.
Re: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing   [#permalink] 03 Jul 2016, 06:40
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