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The number of defects in the first five cars to come through [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2010, 08:59

00:00

A

B

C

D

E

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (02:39) correct
49% (01:53) wrong based on 142 sessions

HideShow timer Statictics

The number of defects in the first five cars to come through a new production line are 9, 7, 10, 4, and 6, respectively. If the sixth car through the production line has either 3, 7, or 12 defects, for which of theses values does the mean number of defects per car for the first six cars equal the median?

I. 3 II. 7 III. 12

A. I only B. II only C. III only D. I and III only E. I, II, and III

The number of defects in the first five cars to come through a new production line are 9, 7, 10, 4, and 6, respectively. If the sixth car through the production line has either 3, 7, or 12 defects, for which of theses values does the mean number of defects per car for the first six cars equal the median? I. 3 II. 7 III. 12

A. I only B. II only C. III only D. I and III only E. I, II, and III

not able to understand what question is asking for? kindly help me to solve this one.

will appreciate your help/tips. cheers, Sonia saini

Basically we have a set with 6 terms: {4, 6, 7, 9, 10, x}. The question asks if \(x\) is either 3, 7, or 12 then for which values of \(x\) the mean of the set equals to the median (note that \(mean=\frac{4+6+7+9+10+x}{6}=\frac{36+x}{6}\) and the median will be the average of two middle terms, so it depends on the value of \(x\)).

If \(x=3\) then \(mean=\frac{36+3}{6}=6.5\) and \(median=\frac{6+7}{2}=6.5\), so \(mean={median}\);

If \(x=7\) then \(mean=\frac{36+7}{6}=\frac{43}{6}\) and \(median=\frac{7+7}{2}=7\), so \(mean\neq{median}\);

If \(x=12\) then \(mean=\frac{36+12}{6}=8\) and \(median=\frac{7+9}{2}=8\), so \(mean={median}\).

The number of defects in the first five cars to come through a new production line are 9, 7, 10, 4, and 6, respectively. If the sixth car through the production line has either 3, 7, or 12 defects, for which of theses values does the mean number of defects per car for the first six cars equal the median? I. 3 II. 7 III. 12

A. I only B. II only C. III only D. I and III only E. I, II, and III

Intuitively each answer choice except for 7 , together with the given forms the union of 2 AP that has the same difference (d =3) and same number of terms.

3,4,6,7,9,10 = {3,6,9} U {4,7,10}

4,6,7,9,10,12 = { 4,7,10} U {6,9,12}

mean and median of such union is equal (symmetric distribution) and is equivalent to the average of both sets median (means)

Re: The number of defects in the first five cars to come through [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2015, 19:20

let's arrange the numbers in ascending order: 4, 6, 7, 9, 10 = sum is 36.

which # if added will result mean=median? ok, let's test 3: so, the sum is 36+3=39. we have to divide this by 6 to find the mean, and we have 6.5 let's find the median 3, 4, 6, 7, 9, 10 = we can see that the median is (6+7)/2 so the median is 6.5 ok, so we see that the first one works, and thus we can eliminate B and C. let's test second one:

new sum is 36+7=43. the average thus would be 43/6, and improper fraction. new median 4, 6, 7, 7, 9, 10 - so the median is 7. we can see that the median is not equal to the mean. we can thus eliminate E, and we are left with A and D.

let's test the final one: new sum is 36+12=48. divide by 6 = 8. 8 is the new average. 4, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12 - the new median is (7+9)/2 = 8. we can see that median=mean, and we can cross A, and select D.

Re: The number of defects in the first five cars to come through [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2015, 21:55

Expert's post

yezz wrote:

The number of defects in the first five cars to come through a new production line are 9, 7, 10, 4, and 6, respectively. If the sixth car through the production line has either 3, 7, or 12 defects, for which of theses values does the mean number of defects per car for the first six cars equal the median? I. 3 II. 7 III. 12

A. I only B. II only C. III only D. I and III only E. I, II, and III

Intuitively each answer choice except for 7 , together with the given forms the union of 2 AP that has the same difference (d =3) and same number of terms.

3,4,6,7,9,10 = {3,6,9} U {4,7,10}

4,6,7,9,10,12 = { 4,7,10} U {6,9,12}

mean and median of such union is equal (symmetric distribution) and is equivalent to the average of both sets median (means)

Another intuitive way to see that mean will be equal to median is to imagine them on a number line. Both sets (with 3 and with 12) are symmetrical about the centre and hence mean = median.

------3-4--6-7--9-10----- The centre is between 6 and 7 and the elements are symmetrical about it.

-------4--6-7--9-10--12------- The centre is between 7 and 9 and the elements are symmetrical about it. _________________

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