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The number of patents granted to inventors by the United

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The number of patents granted to inventors by the United [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2011, 00:27
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

60% (02:45) correct 40% (01:38) wrong based on 96 sessions
The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent Office dropped from 56000 in 1971 to 45000 in 1978. Spending on research and development, which peaked at 3 percent of the gross national product (GNP) in 1964, was only 2.2 percent of the GNP in 1978. During this period, when United States percentage was steadily decreasing, West Germany and Japan increased the percentage of their GNP’s spent on research and development to 3.2 percent and 1.6 percent, respectively.

Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the information above?

(a) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces.
(b) Japan and Germany spent more money on research and development in 1978 than did the United States
(c) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly related to the number of inventions patented in that nation.
(d) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research and development than did Japan.
(e) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to inventors.


OA later some discussion
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by pqhai on 28 Dec 2013, 17:00, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA
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Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2011, 07:36
[quote="tuanquang269"]The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent Office dropped from 56000 in 1971 to 45000 in 1978. Spending on research and development, which peaked at 3 percent of the gross national product (GNP) in 1964, was only 2.2 percent of the GNP in 1978. During this period, when United States percentage was steadily decreasing, West Germany and Japan increased the percentage of their GNP’s spent on research and development to 3.2 percent and 1.6 percent, respectively.

Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the information above?

(a) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces. can not be said
(b) Japan and Germany spent more money on research and development in 1978 than did the United States can not be said as the figures given are in percentage
(c) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly related to the number of inventions patented in that nation. incorrect as explained above
(d) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research and development than did Japan. Correct as from 1964 to 1978 Germany spent 2.2 % ,the lowest in 1978 whereas Japan's is 1.6%, its highest in the same period
(e) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to inventors. Incorrect

+1 for D
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Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2011, 22:21
imo d
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Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United [#permalink] New post 08 Dec 2011, 02:08
no. of patents dropped in 1978, but at the same time spending spending on RnD(which was 3% of GDP in 1964) was now = 2.2 % of the GDP in 1978.
+ when US was dec, Japan and Germany were increasing its expenditure in RnD.

from the above info. the only conclusion i can get is
US GDP was lager in 1978 but had less investors at the same time exp. other nation had their expenditure increased in RnD.

(a) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces.
-- no relation between GNP and investors can be established. Some thing happening in parallel

(b) Japan and Germany spent more money on research and development in 1978 than did the United States
-- cannot be said, we dont know the actual GDP of the countries

(c) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly related to the number of inventions patented in that nation.
-- i go for C

(d) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research and development than did Japan.
-- i can see the % dec from 3 to 2.2, so no

(e) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to
inventors.
-- cant be said, no info. abt the investors in Japan and Germany


what is the OA, very confused.
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Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United [#permalink] New post 21 Dec 2011, 23:43
I would go with D

during 1978, Japan has increased the GNP to 1.6, which means prior to that they have less GNP contributed to research and development.....at the same time US has decreased the GNP to 2.2, which means prior to that they were spending more GNP....so it is safe to conclude that US was consistently spending larger % of GNP between 1964 and 1978 than Japan did, towards research and development
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Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United [#permalink] New post 22 Dec 2011, 01:06
sriniz wrote:
I would go with D

during 1978, Japan has increased the GNP to 1.6, which means prior to that they have less GNP contributed to research and development.....at the same time US has decreased the GNP to 2.2, which means prior to that they were spending more GNP....so it is safe to conclude that US was consistently spending larger % of GNP between 1964 and 1978 than Japan did, towards research and development


Based on this reasoning I went with D, also all the others seemed irrelevant
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Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United [#permalink] New post 22 Dec 2011, 08:38
Clearly D
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Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United [#permalink] New post 26 Dec 2011, 06:08
Got to be D
A ) not mentioned in the question
B ) amount is not specified only %age is given
C ) not mentioned in question
D ) true
E ) not mentioned

So it has to be D
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Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United [#permalink] New post 28 Dec 2013, 00:05
Please update the OA as D)

This question appeared on mba.com "My GMAT practice question" and as per the mba.com, the official answer is d)
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Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2014, 05:13
Straight away D. The stimulus says Japan increased its %GNP spent on R&D to 1.6%. So Japan spent lesser % of its GNP in 1964 than in 1978. While US spent 3% & 2.2% of its GNP in 1964 & 1978 respectively. Still higher than 1.6%. Therefore D is the answer.
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Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United [#permalink] New post 19 Jan 2014, 02:18
US- Number of patents- dropped from 56000 in 1971 to 45000 in 1978.
- Spending on research and development, 3 percent of the gross national product (GNP) in 1964..... 2.2 percent of the GNP in 1978.

West Germany - Spending on research and development - 3.2 percent IN 1978....RISING SINCE 1964
Japan- Spending on research and development - 1.6 percent IN 1978.....RISING SINCE 1964

(a) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces...NO TALK OF INVENTIONS...ONLY SPENDING ON SAME.
(b) Japan and Germany spent more money on research and development in 1978 than did the United States....ONLY %s GIVEN ...NO TALK ON ABSOLUTE NUMBERS
(c) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly related to the number of inventions patented in that nation....THAT CAN'T BE REALLY INFERRED
(d) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research and development than did Japan....THATS TRUE.... SEE STIMULUS ABOVE.....
(e) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to inventors. ..ONLY %s GIVEN ...NO TALK ON ABSOLUTE NUMBERS
Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United   [#permalink] 19 Jan 2014, 02:18
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