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The number of stray dogs picked up in Ford City last year by

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Re: Stray Dogs [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2011, 23:55
It's E!
B is wrong because if the dog-catchers' were halved, then only what they caught is stated and not the statistical number of stray dogs on the street- there is a fine difference between the 2. Let us look the argument from from another perspective-the premise does not state the number of stray dogs on the city streets were halved but the number caught by dog-catchers! So if you reduce the personnel (dog-catchers) by 50% you have 50% less hands to do the job and the work done would decrease accordingly!
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Re: The number of stray dogs picked up in Ford City last year by [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2012, 12:11
Hi,

for this question I think the answer should be "A" because it is irrelevant.


E cannot be the answer because it says

E. Ford City already had tough laws to punish operators of "puppy farms" long before the most recent year.

The argument says that crackdown was recent but the law was already there to punish them, so the crackdown is nothing special on breeders and hence this weakens the conclusion that crackdown was responsible.

"The Mayor of Ford City attributed this decline to the city's recent crackdown on unlicensed breeders that breed dogs dangerously fast and release any unwanted puppies on the streets"

Please help me understand this.

Thanks
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Re: The number of stray dogs picked up in Ford City last year by [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2012, 17:40
raviram80 wrote:
Hi,

for this question I think the answer should be "A" because it is irrelevant.


E cannot be the answer because it says

E. Ford City already had tough laws to punish operators of "puppy farms" long before the most recent year.

The argument says that crackdown was recent but the law was already there to punish them, so the crackdown is nothing special on breeders and hence this weakens the conclusion that crackdown was responsible.

"The Mayor of Ford City attributed this decline to the city's recent crackdown on unlicensed breeders that breed dogs dangerously fast and release any unwanted puppies on the streets"

Please help me understand this.

Thanks


"A" weakens the argument because it's saying that Agange City (a city right beside Ford city) experienced the same decline even though they didn't crack down on puppy farms in their city. So it's likely that an outside factor, and not the cracking down of puppy farms, that is causing the decline.

"E" does not weaken the argument because it's simply saying that the laws to punish puppy farms existed before the recent years. It does not say how strongly these laws were actually being enforced in the past.
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Re: The number of stray dogs picked up in Ford City last year by [#permalink] New post 28 Nov 2013, 19:52
Here is the official explanation from Kaplan

Answer E - The argument made by the Mayor of Ford City is causal in nature: the crackdown on puppy farms caused the lower number of stray dogs picked up by dog catchers. In order to weaken a causal argument you must show that the causation is flawed – in this case that it is not only the crackdown on puppy farms that caused the decline in dogs caught by the dog catchers. Only Choice (E) does not help to sever this causal chain. Even if there had been tough laws on the books with regards to puppy farms, it does not follow that the crackdown was not responsible for fewer dogs caught by the dog catchers. It could be that the laws were never enforced before and that the crackdown was responsible.

All of the other answer choices properly weaken the argument. Choice (A) does not say exactly what else was responsible for the decline, but it does indicate that the crackdown was not a factor – if Agange City saw the same decline in stray dogs caught, but did not crack down on puppy farms then there must be some other factor that is affecting the number of stray dogs caught.

Choice (B) indicates that the decline may simply be due to the fact that there are fewer dog catchers out trying to catch dogs (and have nothing to do with fewer strays on the streets). Choice (C) would indicate that bad weather was keeping the stray population low and choice (D) would indicate that it was the new organization's responsibility. Each of these gives us reason to believe that the decline in the number of stray dogs caught was not solely due to the crackdown on puppy farms.

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Re: The number of stray dogs picked up in Ford City last year by   [#permalink] 28 Nov 2013, 19:52
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