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# The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had

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04 Dec 2005, 00:32
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26. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had long been expected to announce a reduction in output to bolster sagging oil prices, but officials of the organization just recently announced that the group will pare daily production by 1.5 million barrels by the beginning of next year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output by a total of 500,000 barrels a day.

A.year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output
B.year, but only if the output of non-OPEC nations, which includes Norway, Mexico, and Russia, is trimmed
C.year only if the output of non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, would be trimmed
D.year only if non-OPEC nations, which includes Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were trimming output
E.year only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, trim output
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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14 Apr 2014, 16:07
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Expert's post
Mission2012 wrote:
The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had long been expected to announce a reduction in output to bolster sagging oil prices, but officials of the organization just recently announced that the group will pare daily production by 1.5 million barrels by the beginning of next year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output by a total of 500,000 barrels a day

A. year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output
B. year, but only if the output of non-OPEC nations, which includes Norway, Mexico, and Russia, is trimmed
C. year only if the output of non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, would be trimmed
D. year only if non-OPEC nations, which includes Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were trimming output
E. year only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, trim output

As per the explanation given by OG, option B and C are wrong because of passive voice in the underlined portion doesn't state who would trim the prices.

As per my understanding of the meaning, it is not necessary to know the doer of trimming. So I would not have eliminated B and C on the grounds of meaning.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA : E

Hi @Mission2012,

Thank you for articulating your question so well. Such good question posts help us identify the gaps in your understanding and that in turn helps you figure out where exactly you are going on.

Let's figure out what is happening with this question.

What is the meaning of the sentence?
Normally I would ask you to tell me the meaning of the sentence but in the essence of time let me give that to you:

The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had long been expected to announce a reduction in output to bolster sagging oil prices, but officials of the organization just recently announced that the group will pare daily production by 1.5 million barrels by the beginning of next year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output by a total of 500,000 barrels a day.

1: The OPEC was expected to announce reduction in output in order to increase sagging oil prices.
2: But it announced that it will reduce the production to a certain degree only if the non-OPEC nations trimmed their output as well.

So as you can see the action of OPEC nations is contingent upon the action taken by the non-OPEC nations. So clearly the action of trimming of output by a total of 500,000 barrels a day is something for which we need to explicitly know who the doer is. Just by saying that "the output of non-OPEC nations should be trimmed" does not tell us who actually will do this trimming.

I hope this explains why Choices B and C are incorrect.
So in a nutshell, it is very important to understand what the original sentence intends to communicate and then ensure that the correct choice maintains that meaning.

Happy preparation!
Payal
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19 Jun 2006, 08:03
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duttsit wrote:
26. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had long been expected to announce a reduction in output to bolster sagging oil prices, but officials of the organization just recently announced that the group will pare daily production by 1.5 million barrels by the beginning of next year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output by a total of 500,000 barrels a day.

A.year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output
B.year, but only if the output of non-OPEC nations, which includes Norway, Mexico, and Russia, is trimmed
C.year only if the output of non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, would be trimmed
D.year only if non-OPEC nations, which includes Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were trimming output
E.year only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, trim output

This is type-1 if-clause ---> B and E stand
B is wrong coz "which" modifies "the output" instead of "non-open nations" here.
E it is.
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27 Jun 2006, 06:29
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selene wrote:
Yes I got ^ E ^ as well

I am surpised no-one said A & B are out bcos of the following reason...

by the beginning of next year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia

This effectively means " beginning of next year " ..... " including Norway, Mexico, and Russia" which makes no sense. The comma after next year makes "but only if non-OPEC nations" as more a optional clause without which the sentence should complete.

Hence the comma after "next year" needs to disappear.

Didn't you guys notice this.... Or am i thinking too much....
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04 Dec 2005, 00:55
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E is my choice.

In this case, before only if, comma is unnecessary.

Moreover, the group will pare ... should be followed by the nations trim ...
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04 Dec 2005, 09:26
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i guess this is a good question.

A/B are out since they are run-on.
C is in passive and D is unclear.
E is direct and clear.
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04 Dec 2005, 13:33
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You guys can't miss this. OA is E.
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05 Dec 2005, 22:46
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Late, but E.

Short and sweet. The listing is also grammatically correct.
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28 Jul 2010, 05:08
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If nations trim output...the group wil...
Conditional structure.
E.
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25 Nov 2010, 13:58
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,but only if - both convey condition/exception.
"but" doesnt add any value to the sentence and hence can be eliminated.
C/D/E are contenders.
D is out: nations which includes* is incorrect plural include should be used.
C/E - E is more direct and concise.
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19 Jun 2006, 06:41
2 but are not required. A/ B out

C : Tesne change and output is far from trim
D: Tense change

hence E
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19 Jun 2006, 08:10
(E) is also stated in the active voice, which is always preferred on the GMAT.
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27 Jun 2006, 03:07
Will go with E.

But is unecessary hence A/B are out.
C - output of Opec nation is incorrect.
D - were trimming is incorrect
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28 Jun 2006, 03:35
duttsit wrote:
26. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had long been expected to announce a reduction in output to bolster sagging oil prices, but officials of the organization just recently announced that the group will pare daily production by 1.5 million barrels by the beginning of next year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output by a total of 500,000 barrels a day.

A.year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output
B.year, but only if the output of non-OPEC nations, which includes Norway, Mexico, and Russia, is trimmed
C.year only if the output of non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, would be trimmed
D.year only if non-OPEC nations, which includes Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were trimming output
E.year only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, trim output

E

(A) were (X). conditional tense should be current,
(B) 'but' is not good. there's no contrast in meaning
(C) (D) same with (A)
(E) concise
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28 Jul 2010, 07:06
looks to be subjunctive type !!
hence E
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14 Dec 2010, 23:22
+1 E
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06 Aug 2011, 13:33
duttsit wrote:
26. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had long been expected to announce a reduction in output to bolster sagging oil prices, but officials of the organization just recently announced that the group will pare daily production by 1.5 million barrels by the beginning of next year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output by a total of 500,000 barrels a day.

A.year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output
B.year, but only if the output of non-OPEC nations, which includes Norway, Mexico, and Russia, is trimmed
C.year only if the output of non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, would be trimmed
D.year only if non-OPEC nations, which includes Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were trimming output
E.year only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, trim output

Clean E for me
usage of but + if is redundant (A, B are out)
would be trimmed (passive construction)
were trimming is wrong (D is out)
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13 Jan 2013, 10:40
HIMALAYA wrote:
i guess this is a good question.

A/B are out since they are run-on.
C is in passive and D is unclear.
E is direct and clear.

Can you please explain how A and B are run on ?
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09 Jul 2013, 12:15
i second sumit sarkar, even i noticed the run on in 2 choices. a great way to eliminate options. tricky 1!!
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09 Jul 2013, 12:24
E..

A and B is out because there is already a but
C is passive and D is awkward..

But Officials of Organization... will ( future)....., if only..trim(present)....

dependent clause is in future then conditional clause should be in present...
Re: The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had   [#permalink] 09 Jul 2013, 12:24

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