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The policy applies in some states, where there is a federal

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The policy applies in some states, where there is a federal [#permalink] New post 24 Nov 2012, 05:33
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The policy applies in some states, where there is a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable.

A. is a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable
B. are a federal law and a provincial law, each of which are valid and enforceable
C. a federal law and a provincial law both of which are valid and enforceable
D. are a federal law and a provincial law that are valid or enforceable
E. are a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable

Can we discuss this question. Got confused after verifying what the answer was.
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Re: Subject-Verb agreement question [#permalink] New post 24 Nov 2012, 06:56
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The preamble: there verb should be are, as two things are there namely, 1. a federal law and 2. a provincial law

A. is a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable--- the verb -- is --- S- V error

B. are a federal law and a provincial law, each of which are valid and enforceable— each of which are -- is wrong ; -- each of which is -- right as each is the singular subject of the sub - clause


C. a federal law and a provincial law both of which are valid and enforceable--- the relative clause introduced by where there - is a fragment without a working verb

D. is a federal law and a provincial law that is valid or enforceable ---- valid or enforceable is wrong; it should be valid and enforceable.

E. are a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable --- correct choice; uses the correct plural verb – are- in both the cases; the intrusion of -each - is immaterial, since it is the compound subject -- law 1 and law 2 --- that matters.

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Re: Subject-Verb agreement question [#permalink] New post 24 Nov 2012, 07:06
The policy applies in some states, where there is a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable.

A. is a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable -> FLIP the related part: A federal law and a provincial law are there. By flipping, we can see that the compound subject 'a federal law and a provincial law' takes a plural verb 'are'.
B. are a federal law and a provincial law, each of which are valid and enforceable ->The indefinite pronoun each is considered a singular pronoun and requires a singular verb form.
C. a federal law and a provincial law both of which are valid and enforceable -> Try to replace the underlined part with this fragment. A connecting verb between there and this fragmentis missing.
D. are a federal law and a provincial law that are valid or enforceable -> Use of or changes the meaning of the sentence.
E. are a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and enforceable. Contrast this with A. It uses the correct verb there are. The second verb form that might be confusing that are is also correctly used. Hence, This is the correct answer.

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Re: Subject-Verb agreement question   [#permalink] 24 Nov 2012, 07:06
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