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The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the

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The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the [#permalink] New post 22 Dec 2006, 00:19
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A
B
C
D
E

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50% (01:52) correct 50% (02:13) wrong based on 8 sessions
The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the country was a failure in 1987. If the program had been successful, the wholesale price of most illegal drugs would not have dropped substantially in 1987.

13. The argument in the passage depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) The supply of illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987.
(B) The price paid for most illegal drugs by the average consumer did not drop substantially in 1987.
(C) Domestic production of illegal drugs increased at a higher rate than did the entry of such drugs into the country.
(D) The wholesale price of a few illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987.
(E) A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price.

14. The argument in the passage would be most seriously weakened if it were true that

(A) in 1987 smugglers of illegal drugs, as a group, had significantly more funds at their disposal than did the country’s customs agents
(B) domestic production of illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987
(C) the author’s statements were made in order to embarrass the officials responsible for the drug-control program
(D) in 1987 illegal drugs entered the country by a different set of routes than they did in 1986
(E) the country’s citizens spent substantially more money on illegal drugs in 1987 than they did in 1986
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 [#permalink] New post 22 Dec 2006, 02:27
13. E
14. B
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 [#permalink] New post 22 Dec 2006, 06:20
Another 13. E and 14.B.
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Dec 2006, 02:46
Can any one explain 13
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Dec 2006, 03:36
13. E

Because the author is assuming that the drop was due to an increase in supply. Therefore his argument will only stand if the drop in demand was not the sole cause.
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Dec 2006, 07:27
E
and
B

13) is E becase if you negate E, the argument falls apart. POE also got me to E.
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Dec 2006, 22:30
yes. E n B.
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Re: Critical Reasoning _52:The program to control the entry [#permalink] New post 29 Dec 2006, 06:49
The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the country was a failure in 1987. If the program had been successful, the wholesale price of most illegal drugs would not have dropped substantially in 1987.

Here author is considering the program failure is the only cause for drop in prices.
13. The argument in the passage depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) The supply of illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987.
(B) The price paid for most illegal drugs by the average consumer did not drop substantially in 1987.
(C) Domestic production of illegal drugs increased at a higher rate than did the entry of such drugs into the country.
(D) The wholesale price of a few illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987.
(E) A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price.
( If failure of the program is the only cause for drop in prices then it is surely preassumed that " A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price." )
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Re: Critical Reasoning _52:The program to control the entry [#permalink] New post 31 Dec 2006, 16:26
13. By 1st-round POE, A, C and D are eliminated. E seems very relevant. Just remember the typical S-D curves: if price drops it´s because either demand shifted to the left (decreased) or supply shifted to the right (increased). If a drop in demand was not the only cause, it´s because a rise in supply was also a cause => E.

14. If domestic demand increased substantially in 1987, then it could have caused the substantial drop in illegal drugs EVEN IF the control of entry had been successful.

MBA2ran wrote:
The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the country was a failure in 1987. If the program had been successful, the wholesale price of most illegal drugs would not have dropped substantially in 1987.

13. The argument in the passage depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) The supply of illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987.
(B) The price paid for most illegal drugs by the average consumer did not drop substantially in 1987.
(C) Domestic production of illegal drugs increased at a higher rate than did the entry of such drugs into the country.
(D) The wholesale price of a few illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987.
(E) A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price.

14. The argument in the passage would be most seriously weakened if it were true that

(A) in 1987 smugglers of illegal drugs, as a group, had significantly more funds at their disposal than did the country’s customs agents
(B) domestic production of illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987
(C) the author’s statements were made in order to embarrass the officials responsible for the drug-control program
(D) in 1987 illegal drugs entered the country by a different set of routes than they did in 1986
(E) the country’s citizens spent substantially more money on illegal drugs in 1987 than they did in 1986
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OG10th CR Please help [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2012, 20:14
The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the country was a failure in 1987. If the program had been
successful, the wholesale price of most illegal drugs would not have dropped substantially in 1987.

80. The argument in the passage depends on which of the following assumptions?
(A) The supply of illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987.
(B) The price paid for most illegal drugs by the average consumer did not drop substantially in 1987.
(C) Domestic production of illegal drugs increased at a higher rate than did the entry of such drugs into the
country.
(D) The wholesale price of a few illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987.
(E) A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop in their wholesale
price.

I don't understand the OA because the premises don't talk about the demand at all.
I thought the passage is more focused on whether the program is successful.

Please help.
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Re: OG10th CR Please help [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2012, 22:21
uledssul wrote:
I don't understand the OA because the premises don't talk about the demand at all.
I thought the passage is more focused on whether the program is successful.

Please help.


Yeah, GMAT CR is getting a bit tough. They expect you to know the supply and demand relationships. After all as an MBA you should know this. In fact most undergrads do nowadays.

So, Argument here is that program was a failure because WP did not drop.
So, based on the supply and demand, if supply is high price will go down, if demand is low price will go down and vice versa.

In this case the author believes that the program's impact is SOLELY on supply disruption and that demand doesnt factor into the argument. But we know that supply can't exist without demand in the market. So, the correct answer should address the Demand side of the equation.

Hope that helps!
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Re: Critical Reasoning _52:The program to control the entry of [#permalink] New post 21 Jun 2012, 07:09
13 - E

We have to strengthen the question

Conclusion: Program to control entry of illegal drugs was failure in 1987

Premise: If program was succes - then wholesale price would have increased or stayed same (not droped) in 1897

(A) The supply of illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987.
--> this clearly weaken the conclusion

(B) The price paid for most illegal drugs by the average consumer did not drop substantially in 1987.
--> Out of scope - dont know price paid of avg consumer

(C) Domestic production of illegal drugs increased at a higher rate than did the entry of such drugs into the country.
--> Domestic production increase will increase the amount of illegal drugs but doesnot strengthen the conclusion to control entry of illegal drugs.

(D) The wholesale price of a few illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987.
--> this clearly weaken the conclusion

(E) A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price.
--> the author says that drop in prices = program success. Someother thing caused the drop in Prices such as there are still lot of illegal drugs entring the country which are causing increase in volumn of those drugs (doesnot matter if the demand increase or decrease) and hence low proices; therefore strengthen the conclusion.

using ANT

"A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 is the sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price." - this sentence directly contradict the conclusion. If drop in demand -> drop in price -> case programe success we can conclude that the program actually was a success and not a failure.



14 - B (weaken)

(A) in 1987 smugglers of illegal drugs, as a group, had significantly more funds at their disposal than did the country’s customs agents
--> out of scope (argument is not talking about the funds)

(B) domestic production of illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987
--> we can says that the program was not a failure, the drop in prices was due increase in domastic production.

(C) the author’s statements were made in order to embarrass the officials responsible for the drug-control program
--> out of scope (argument is not talking about official response)

(D) in 1987 illegal drugs entered the country by a different set of routes than they did in 1986
--> strengthen the conclusion.

(E) the country’s citizens spent substantially more money on illegal drugs in 1987 than they did in 1986
--> Outof scope (argument is not talking about the 1986)
Re: Critical Reasoning _52:The program to control the entry of   [#permalink] 21 Jun 2012, 07:09
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