The proportion of women among students : GMAT Verbal Section
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# The proportion of women among students

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The proportion of women among students [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2008, 14:56
The proportion of women among students enrolled in higher education programs has increased over the past decades. This is partly shown by the fact that in 1959, only 11 percent of the women between twenty and twenty-one were enrolled in college, while in 1981, 30 percent of the women between twenty and twenty-one were enrolled in college.
To evaluate the argument above, it would be most useful to compare 1959 and 1981 with regard to which of the following characteristics?
(A) The percentage of women between twenty and twenty-one who were not enrolled in college
(B) The percentage of women between twenty and twenty-five who graduated from college
(C) The percentage of women who, after attending college, entered highly paid professions
(D) The percentage of men between twenty and twenty-one who were enrolled in college
(E) The percentage of men who graduated from high school
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Re: The proportion of women among students [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2008, 15:29
Quote:
The proportion of women among students enrolled in higher education programs has increased over the past decades. This is partly shown by the fact that in 1959, only 11 percent of the women between twenty and twenty-one were enrolled in college, while in 1981, 30 percent of the women between twenty and twenty-one were enrolled in college.
To evaluate the argument above, it would be most useful to compare 1959 and 1981 with regard to which of the following characteristics?

Conclusion: The proportion of women among students enrolled in higher education programs has increased over the past decades.

The conclusion could be false if the proportion of men enrolled in higher education programs has grown more than the corresponding figure for women: e.g. if for women we have increase from 11 to 30 percents, but for men – say, from 20 to 80, then, clearly, the conclusion will not be true. Thus, we need to check whether this possibility is true – only answer D does this.

Quote:
(A) The percentage of women between twenty and twenty-one who were not enrolled in college
(B) The percentage of women between twenty and twenty-five who graduated from college
(C) The percentage of women who, after attending college, entered highly paid professions

(D) The percentage of men between twenty and twenty-one who were enrolled in college

(E) The percentage of men who graduated from high school
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Re: The proportion of women among students [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2008, 20:57
You betcha its D.

Percentage of women depends on the percentage of men enrolled. Assuming there are only 2 sexes and not a third kind
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Re: The proportion of women among students [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2008, 23:08
IMO D

the best comparison can be made by knowing the fact that how has the proportion of men moved from 1959 to 1981
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Re: The proportion of women among students [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2008, 04:37
Anon wrote:
The proportion of women among students enrolled in higher education programs has increased over the past decades. This is partly shown by the fact that in 1959, only 11 percent of the women between twenty and twenty-one were enrolled in college, while in 1981, 30 percent of the women between twenty and twenty-one were enrolled in college.
To evaluate the argument above, it would be most useful to compare 1959 and 1981 with regard to which of the following characteristics?
(A) The percentage of women between twenty and twenty-one who were not enrolled in college
(B) The percentage of women between twenty and twenty-five who graduated from college
(C) The percentage of women who, after attending college, entered highly paid professions
(D) The percentage of men between twenty and twenty-one who were enrolled in college
(E) The percentage of men who graduated from high school

"The proportion of women among students enrolled in higher education programs has increased over the past decades."

This can be answered only when we compare the proportion of women among students.

Since, Student = Men + Women

We have to bring men into the picture. This is solved by D.

OA Plz.
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Re: The proportion of women among students [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2008, 07:49
OA D

thank you all
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Re: The proportion of women among students [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2008, 15:54
I feel that this kind of Questions are complementary in nature

In other words rely on things like Total = Men + women

We can take out B & E as they are out of scope

C is a clever trap but we need to establish that the percentage of women enrolled in HE increased, not that they were successful in education

Between A & D, A is another complement in that total number of women is women who are enrolled and NOT enrolled.

We are already given with % of women enrolled. so we already know women who did not enroll.

Left with D for all good reasons explained.
Re: The proportion of women among students   [#permalink] 05 Jul 2008, 15:54
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