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The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]
20 Aug 2006, 07:08
33% (01:38) correct
67% (01:08) wrong based on 12 sessions
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The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate.
Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?
(A) Studies have shown that an increase in a cityâ€™s police force does not necessarily reduce crime.
(B) When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions.
(C) If funding for the new police officersâ€™ salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year.
(D) In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms.
(E) Middletownâ€™s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime. _________________
The passage makes a statement that an increase in police officers will result in an increase in court and prison expenses.
Conclusion:More Police officers -> More expenses
The OA for the question is E. While E is a logical argument, I dont think it weakens the conclusion of the passage.
We need to find an answer that weakens the conclusion. I think E is a classic heart-string decoy.
IMHO, D is a better answer.
E is the answer because, the higher number of police officers will have a deterrent effect on the crime. Deterrent effect means crimes wont be commited, and no need of further arrests, and further convictions etc. That way increase of number of police officers can reduce the number of arrests further.