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The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown

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The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2013, 03:24
The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate.

Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Studies have shown that an increase in a city’s police force does not necessarily reduce crime.
(B) When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions.
(C) If funding for the new police officers’ salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year.
(D) In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms.
(E) Middletown’s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime.

Last edited by Narenn on 10 Jul 2013, 06:05, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2013, 11:19
nikhil.jones.s wrote:
The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate.

Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Studies have shown that an increase in a city’s police force does not necessarily reduce crime.
(B) When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions.
(C) If funding for the new police officers’ salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year.
(D) In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms.
(E) Middletown’s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime.


ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:

Fact: There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers,
Fact: But not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate
Conclusion: Middletown should not hire more police officers.

In weaken questions, you will see "qualified conclusions" very often. What is "qualified conclusion"?. A qualified conclusion is a conclusion that will happen in a particular condition. To weaken this conclusion, just show that particular condition will not happen, or does not exist ==> The conclusion fails.

Apply to this question. The conclusion is based on the assumption: the more police officers, the more convictions. If you can show this assumption is weak --> More police officers, NOT more convictions. ==> The conclusion will be weaken.

ANALYZE EACH ANSWER:

(A) Studies have shown that an increase in a city’s police force does not necessarily reduce crime.
Wrong. It strengthen a conclusion --> wrong.

(B) When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions.
Wrong. It strengthen a conclusion --> wrong.

(C) If funding for the new police officers’ salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about "other services".

(D) In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms.
Wrong. SHELL GAME.
(1) "In most U.S cities" does not mean "in Middletown". There is a possibility that "more police officers, more convictions in Middletown" --> D is wrong.
(2) Always aware of "extreme" words in GMAT such as: Most, Every, All, Always, Never, etc. Because the logic of GMAT is "nothing is the 100% correct, you should pick the best answer among all options". "Best" differs from "100% correct".

(E) Middletown’s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime.
Correct. E shows that more police officers, NO more convictions ==> the city does not have to pay more for courts and prison employees.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2013, 00:51
you have to read D very carefully to be able to eliminate it. E is the right answer.
Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown   [#permalink] 16 Nov 2013, 00:51
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