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# The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both

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The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2007, 16:57
The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level
of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana
(dream) experience.
A. contact with it directly with
B. direct contact with it by way of
C. contact with the last directly through
D. direct contact with the latter by means of
E. contact directly with the mystical level due to

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:E
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10 Sep 2007, 17:27
gmacvik wrote:
The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.
(A) contact with it directly with
(B) direct contact with it by way of
(C) contact with the latter directly through
(D) direct contact with the latter by means of
(E) contact directly with the mystical level due to

I choose D. Even though option D seems wordy at first sight, it uses "direct" in the right place and right sense, to modify "contact".

Directly in choice C is misplaced.
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11 Sep 2007, 11:31
and to split fine hairs,
"I have made contact with GMAC directly through mail" - means there was also an "indirect" option other than mailing.
"I have made direct contact with GMAC" takes out that slight ambiguity in meaning.
Hope that helps.
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12 Sep 2007, 15:26
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gmacvik wrote:
The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.

(A) contact with it directly with
(B) direct contact with it by way of
(C) contact with the latter directly through
(D) direct contact with the latter by means of
(E) contact directly with the mystical level due to

D. Because direct is an adjective and should modify "contact". Therefore C is not correct. "Directly" is also an adverb that is not correct.
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12 Sep 2007, 19:14
darn it.. I was down to C and D and picked C. But looking back, I could see why C is wrong (misplaced modifier "directly").
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14 Sep 2007, 00:02
Same problem.

I was down to C and D.

Preferred "through" in C over "by means of" in D.
Preferred "direct contact" in D over "contact directly" in C

And picked C. One of those 50-50 ones.
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14 Sep 2007, 10:30
Fistail wrote:
gmacvik wrote:
The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.

(A) contact with it directly with
(B) direct contact with it by way of
(C) contact with the latter directly through
(D) direct contact with the latter by means of
(E) contact directly with the mystical level due to

D. Because direct is an adjective and should modify "contact". Therefore C is not correct. "Directly" is also an adverb that is not correct.

Well explained. In C - claimed to have contact (with the latter) directly through...Contact is used as a noun and hence it requires an adjective (direct) not an adverb (directly).
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2012, 00:18
How you guys decide which meaning is better. C yields a different meaning and the same goes for D. How you all sorted down to D.
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2012, 10:36
This was really tough.
If someone could provide a detail explanation, I would be grateful.
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2013, 00:44
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gmacvik wrote:
The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.
(A) contact with it directly with
(B) direct contact with it by way of
(C) contact with the latter directly through
(D) direct contact with the latter by means of
(E) contact directly with the mystical level due to

IMO: D is correct. Here's my 2 cents.

A, C, E out because "directly" modifies verb "have". That is not correct. "Direct" should modify "contact".
B is also out because the word "it" is ambiguous.
D is correct, and "the latter" clearly modifies "mystical level".
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2013, 09:40
correct answer is D. now why C is wrong.
The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.

directly through in C means Quechuans are in contact directly via dream which is incorrect. but they are in direct contact via dream which is correctly stated in D.

hope this helps.
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2013, 15:49
I just want to add a small thing.
Correct idiom: by means of = through the use of. The idiom is correct and is not as wordy as we think.
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2014, 20:57
IMO D is correct. I will like to justify D by placing the fact that 'directly' as an adverb needs to modify a verb eg.'contact'(whereas in the sentence it is used as noun). As per the sentence it modifies 'have' which is an incorrect construct. Hence adjective form 'direct' must go with the noun Contact
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2014, 02:21
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gmacvik wrote:
The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.
(A) contact with it directly with
(B) direct contact with it by way of
(C) contact with the latter directly through
(D) direct contact with the latter by means of
(E) contact directly with the mystical level due to

D is more apt sentence among all.
D - Tells that many individual Quechuans came in contact with direct mystical level skipping material level. so D- 'Direct contact ... means of' is right.
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2014, 08:24
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The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.

(A) contact with it directly with -> It doesn't make sense -> What is it?

(B) direct contact with it by way of -> -> It doesn't make sense -> What is it?

(C) contact with the latter directly through

(D) direct contact with the latter by means of

(E) contact directly with the mystical level due to -> Due to cannot modify the verb "claimed".

Now claimed to have a contact -> claimed is the verb and contact is the noun.
So we cannot have an adverb modifying a noun -> "directly" is an adverb
We need "direct" which is an adjective modifying noun - "contact" . Hence D)

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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2014, 06:49
I believe there is idiomatic meaning error in option D
As a means of idiom is used, in GMAT, as following
X as a means of Y - X is a type of Y
X as a means to Y - X is a method to achieve Y
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2015, 23:23
kinjiGC wrote:
The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana (dream) experience.

(A) contact with it directly with -> It doesn't make sense -> What is it?

(B) direct contact with it by way of -> -> It doesn't make sense -> What is it?

(C) contact with the latter directly through

(D) direct contact with the latter by means of

(E) contact directly with the mystical level due to -> Due to cannot modify the verb "claimed".

Now claimed to have a contact -> claimed is the verb and contact is the noun.
So we cannot have an adverb modifying a noun -> "directly" is an adverb
We need "direct" which is an adjective modifying noun - "contact" . Hence D)

Kinjal Da,

Great post. Just 1 doubt. Adverbs are very flexible and can be placed little far away from the verb. so in this case how do we determins?
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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2016, 09:02
FN wrote:
The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both the material level and the mystical level
of reality, and many individual Quechuans claimed to have contact with it directly with an ichana
(dream) experience.
A. contact with it directly with
B. direct contact with it by way of
C. contact with the last directly through
D. direct contact with the latter by means of
E. contact directly with the mystical level due to

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:E

OA is D as it clearly indicates that it was the latter (mystical level) with which the Quechuans had direct contact.
Re: The Quechuans believed that all things participated in both   [#permalink] 15 Aug 2016, 09:02

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