The recent upheaval in the office-equipment retail business, : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# The recent upheaval in the office-equipment retail business,

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Manager
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01 Apr 2010, 23:48
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10% (03:04) correct 90% (01:41) wrong based on 12 sessions

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The recent upheaval in the office-equipment retail business, in which many small firms have gone out of business, has been attributed to the advent of office equipment “superstores” whose high sales volume keeps their prices low. This analysis is flawed, however, since even today the superstores control a very small share of the retail market.
Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument that the analysis is flawed?
(A) Most of the larger customers for office equipment purchase under contract directly from manufacturers and thus do not participate in the retail market.
(B) The superstores’ heavy advertising of their low prices has forced prices down throughout the retail market for office supplies.
(C) Some of the superstores that only recently opened have themselves gone out of business.
(D) Most of the office equipment superstores are owned by large retailing chains that also own stores selling other types of goods.
(E) The growing importance of computers in most offices has changed the kind of office equipment retailers must stock.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA--B

Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the Toltec, twelfth-century inhabitants of what is now Veracruz. Although there is no archaeological evidence that the Toltec used wheels for anything but toys, some anthropologists hypothesize that wheeled utility vehicles were used to carry materials needed for the monumental structures the Toltec produced.
Which of the following, if true, would most help the anthropologists explain the lack of evidence noted above?
(A) The Toltec sometimes incorporated into their toys representations of utensils or other devices that served some practical purpose.
(B) Any wheeled utility vehicles used by the Toltec could have been made entirely of wood, and unlike ceramic, wood decays rapidly in the humid climate of Veracruz.
(C) Carvings in monument walls suggest that the Toltec's wheeled ceramic toys sometimes had ritual uses in addition to being used by both children and adults as decorations and playthings.
(D) Wheeled utility vehicles were used during the twelfth century in many areas of the world, but during this time wheeled toys were not very common in areas outside Veracruz.
(E) Some of the wheeled ceramic toys were found near the remains of monumental structures.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA--B
If you have any questions
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02 Apr 2010, 22:57
Is it (A) for the second question?
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04 Apr 2010, 05:22
One wrong, one right: D and B
I need to think why D is not the answer. anyone??

A is not the answer for the second one. Because the question is about the lack of evidence, an additional fact should account for this gap. That's what B does.
A would be a good answer to strengthen question if argued that these people ever used wheels for real life purposes.
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04 Apr 2010, 05:43
D is incorrect for 1) because OTHER TYPE OF GOODS donot matter here..only thing what matters is a justification of the reason the SUPERSTORES can make such a
drastic impact in the market inspite of low presence...only B gives that reason
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04 Apr 2010, 19:53
The recent upheaval in the office-equipment retail business, in which many small firms have gone out of business, has been attributed to the advent of office equipment “superstores” whose high sales volume keeps their prices low. This analysis is flawed, however, since even today the superstores control a very small share of the retail market.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument that the analysis is flawed?

(A) Most of the larger customers for office equipment purchase under contract directly from manufacturers and thus do not participate in the retail market.
(B) The superstores’ heavy advertising of their low prices has forced prices down throughout the retail market for office supplies.
(C) Some of the superstores that only recently opened have themselves gone out of business.
(D) Most of the office equipment superstores are owned by large retailing chains that also own stores selling other types of goods.
(E) The growing importance of computers in most offices has changed the kind of office equipment retailers must stock.

The argument says that the recent turmoil of retail stores is attributed to superstores. This analysis is flawed because superstores control very small share of retail market. We have to weaken the argument that the analysis is not flawed and show that superstores are somehow responsible for the turmoil of retail stores

Option (B) says that superstores heavy advertising has forced retail stores to bring their prices down which in turn would have resulted in close of retail business.

Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the Toltec, twelfth-century inhabitants of what is now Veracruz. Although there is no archaeological evidence that the Toltec used wheels for anything but toys, some anthropologists hypothesize that wheeled utility vehicles were used to carry materials needed for the monumental structures the Toltec produced.

Which of the following, if true, would most help the anthropologists explain the lack of evidence noted above?

(A) The Toltec sometimes incorporated into their toys representations of utensils or other devices that served some practical purpose.
(B) Any wheeled utility vehicles used by the Toltec could have been made entirely of wood, and unlike ceramic, wood decays rapidly in the humid climate of Veracruz.
(C) Carvings in monument walls suggest that the Toltec's wheeled ceramic toys sometimes had ritual uses in addition to being used by both children and adults as decorations and playthings.
(D) Wheeled utility vehicles were used during the twelfth century in many areas of the world, but during this time wheeled toys were not very common in areas outside Veracruz.
(E) Some of the wheeled ceramic toys were found near the remains of monumental structures.

In the above question we have to show why there is lack of evidence. Option (B) says that wheeled utility vehicles used by Toltec could have been made of wood and wood decays rapidly in the humid climate of veracruz. That is why the evidence is not available.
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19 May 2010, 00:44
I think OA for B is close but none of the answer choices are best.

Argument say that due to high volume in sales, prices are low.

The analysis says that superstores control a very small share of retail mkt. It doesnt mean that they are having less revenue sales. What if larger customers direct purchase from manufacturers instead of retail stores and simultaneously dont participate in the retail market then obviously the % share will decline as compared to entire mkt. So, A should be the OA.

B says that - Low prices are due to advertising rather than high volume in sales.
(B) The superstores’ heavy advertising of their low prices has forced prices down throughout the retail market for office supplies.

Prices are down globally. So, this should impact the superstores also. But, how does it impact the sales?

I must be missing something important.
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23 Dec 2010, 09:46
Please do not post multiple questions in one post, it is difficult to track your mistakes, if you make a mistake on one of them!
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Re: CR FROM ETS   [#permalink] 23 Dec 2010, 09:46
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