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The recognition of exclusive chattels and estate has really

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The recognition of exclusive chattels and estate has really [#permalink] New post 14 Dec 2013, 05:54
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The recognition of exclusive chattels and estate has really harmed and
obscured Individualism. It has led Individualism entirely astray. It has made
gain, not growth, its aim, so that man has thought that the important thing
is to have, and has not come to know that the important thing is to be. The
true perfection of man lies, not in what man has, but in what man is.
This state has crushed true Individualism, and set up an Individualism that
is false. It has debarred one part of the community from being individual by
starving them. It has debarred the other part of the community from being
individual by putting them on the wrong road and encumbering them.
Indeed, so completely has man's personality been absorbed by his trinkets
and entanglements that the law has always treated offenses against a man‘s
property with far more severity than offenses against his person.
It is clear that no authoritarian socialism will do. For while under the
present system a very large number of people can lead lives of a certain
amount of freedom and expression and happiness, under an industrial
barrack system, or a system of economic tyranny, nobody would be able to
have any such freedom at all. It is to be regretted that a portion of our
community should be practically in slavery, but to propose to solve the
problem by enslaving the entire community is childish. Every man must be
left quite free to choose his own work.
No form of compulsion must be exercised over him. If there is, his work
will not be good for him, will not be good in itself, and will not be good for
others. I hardly think that any socialist, nowadays, would seriously propose
that an inspector should call every morning at each house to see that each
citizen rose up and did manual labour for eight hours. Humanity has got
beyond that stage, and reserves such a form of life for the people whom, in
a very arbitrary manner, it chooses to call criminals.
Many of the socialistic views that I have come across seem to me to be
tainted with ideas of authority, if not of actual compulsion. Of course,
authority and compulsion are out of the question. All association must be
quite voluntary. It is only in voluntary associations that man is fine. It may
be asked how Individualism, which is now more or less dependent on the
existence of private property for its development, will benefit by the abolition
of such private property. The answer is very simple. It is true that, under
existing conditions, a few men who have had private means of their own,
such as Byron, Shelley, Browning, Victor Hugo, Baudelaire, and others, have
been able to realize their personality, more or less completely.
Not one of these men ever did a single day‘s work for hire. They were
relieved from poverty. They had an immense advantage. The question is
whether it would be for the good of Individualism that such an advantage be
taken away. Let us suppose that it is taken away. What happens then to
Individualism? How will it benefit? Under the new conditions Individualism
will be far freer, far finer, and far more intensified than it is now. I am not
talking of the great imaginatively realized Individualism of such poets as I
have mentioned, but of the great actual Individualism latent and potential in
mankind generally.

1. The author of the passage most likely mentions Byron, Shelly, Browning,
Hugo, and Baudelaire in an effort to:
A. give examples of the harmful effect of money on Individualism and
art.
B. call attention to the rarity of artistic genius.
C. define what is meant by the phrase ―realize their personality‖.
D. stress the importance of financial independence
E. add credibility to his claims

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


2. Which of the following would the author be most likely to consider an
example of ―enslaving the entire community‖?
I. South Africa under apartheid, where rights of citizenship were denied
to the Black majority, and granted in full only to the White minority
II. Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge, where the urban population was
forcibly deported to the countryside to perform agricultural labour
III. Sweden under the Social Democrats, where all citizens pay high taxes
to support extensive social programs
A. I only
B. II only
C. I and II
D. II and III
E. I, II and III

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B


3. Suppose for a moment that Baudelaire was actually not wealthy, and often
had to work to earn money. What relevance would this information have to
the arguments posed by the author within the passage?
A. It would refute the author‘s claim that artists require independent
wealth to create.
B. It would refute the author‘s claim that poets are people who can
realize their own personality.
C. It would strengthen the author‘s claim that the acquisition of wealth
leads Individualism astray.
D. The central thesis of the passage would remain equally valid.
E. It would strongly weaken the main argument made by the author in
the passage

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


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Sahil Chaudhary
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Re: The recognition of exclusive chattels and estate has really [#permalink] New post 19 Dec 2013, 05:54
1)d
2)b
3)D

I answered all correct !

too tough to concentrate on rc passages completely :( God help me in RC :(
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Re: The recognition of exclusive chattels and estate has really [#permalink] New post 31 Dec 2013, 09:05
Hard one,

Got one right out of three, but missed them only due to lack of attention !

This text is really good! Thanks!
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Re: The recognition of exclusive chattels and estate has really [#permalink] New post 07 Jan 2014, 08:47
Can someone help explain why the answer is not E for Q1?
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Re: The recognition of exclusive chattels and estate has really [#permalink] New post 07 Jan 2014, 09:03
mimo310 wrote:
Can someone help explain why the answer is not E for Q1?



Look at the language in begining of the passage.. He is actually stressing..even whole paragraph seems like author wants to put more pressure on the individualism.

E ..he is not adding credibility anywhere..
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Bole So Nehal.. Sat Siri Akal.. Waheguru ji help me to get 700+ score !

Manager
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Status: Work hard in silence, let success make the noise
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WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
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Kudos [?]: 29 [0], given: 84

Re: The recognition of exclusive chattels and estate has really [#permalink] New post 10 Jan 2014, 06:34
Paris75 wrote:
Hard one,

Got one right out of three, but missed them only due to lack of attention !

This text is really good! Thanks!


You are welcome :)
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Sahil Chaudhary
If you find this post helpful, please take a moment to click on the "+1 KUDOS" icon.
My IELTS 7.5 Experience
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http://www.sahilchaudhary007.blogspot.com

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Re: The recognition of exclusive chattels and estate has really [#permalink] New post 31 Jan 2014, 00:47
dear sahil,
thank you for RC example, i was good. 13 min, D;B;D
you might know the difficulty rate of this text. is it 700 level question?
as i am not English native speaker, for me RC is problematic part. :(

thank you
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GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The recognition of exclusive chattels and estate has really [#permalink] New post 31 Jan 2014, 05:34
giorgi1987 wrote:
dear sahil,
thank you for RC example, i was good. 13 min, D;B;D
you might know the difficulty rate of this text. is it 700 level question?
as i am not English native speaker, for me RC is problematic part. :(

thank you



Though the text was long 13 mins for 3 questions was a tad bit long. Yes i think it was definitely 700+ but the question options were really far apart. The strategy i use is to make notes of critical points while reading along and it took me 7:15 to solve this.
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Re: The recognition of exclusive chattels and estate has really   [#permalink] 31 Jan 2014, 05:34
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