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The report released by the interior ministry states that [#permalink]
05 Apr 2004, 11:26
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The report released by the interior ministry states that within the past 5 years the national land-reclamation program has created a 19 percent increase in arable land within the country. If these figures are accurate, the program has been a huge success. Senator Cox, a distinguished mathematician and a woman of brilliance, maintains, however, that the reclamation program could not possibly have been successful. Clearly, therefore, the figures cited in the report cannot be accurate.
The argument above exhibits an erroneous pattern of reasoning most similar to that exhibited by which one of the following?
A) Albert's father claims that Albert does not know where the spare car keys are hidden. Yesterday however, Albert reported that he had discovered the spare car keys in the garage toolbox, so his father's claim cannot be true.
B) Gloria's drama teacher claims that her policy is to give each student the opportunity to act in at least one play during the year but, since Gloria, who attended every class, reports that she was not given such an opportunity the teacher's claim cannot be true.
C) Amos claims that he can hold his breath under water for a full hour. Dr. Treviso, a cardiopulmonary specialist, has stated that humans are physiologically incapable of holding their breath for even half that long; so Amos' claim cannot be true.
D) Evelyn reports that she got home before midnight. Robert, who always knows the time, insists that she did not. If Robert is right, Evelyn could not possibly have listened to the late news; since she admits not having listened to the late news, her report cannot be true.
E) Moira, after observing the finish of the 60-kilometer bicycle race, reports that Lee won with Adams a distant third. Lomas, a bicycle engineering expert, insists, however, that Lee could not have won a race in which Adams competed; so Moira's report cannot be true.
The expert and the field in question are totally unrelated. I think E comes close and in my opinion is the best.
The choice is between C and E. In C there is some evidence but E has none provided by the expert, just like the stem.
The expert and the field in question are totally unrelated. I think E comes close and in my opinion is the best. The choice is between C and E. In C there is some evidence but E has none provided by the expert, just like the stem.
Hey Anandnk, can seem to get away from this site, going back and forth between OG and here. In any case, The reason I picked E was also b/c in the steam there is an onservable fact which is refuted by the Sen. In C, the guy just makes a claim, whereas in E the pattern is the same. 60 mile race, obserable fact as well, and an opinion of the "expert." What do you think?
The more I learn, the more I realize I know nothing!
The reason is that in C, the cardio pulminology specialist's statement is not directly related to the argument. It sounds like a general statement he/she made. However, in E, the bicycle engineering specialist directly refutes the argument just like the mathematician did.