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# The report released by the interior ministry states that

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Senior Manager
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The report released by the interior ministry states that [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2009, 20:28
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The report released by the interior ministry states that within the past 5 years the national land-reclamation program has created a 19 percent increase in arable land within the country. If these figures are accurate, the program has been a huge success. Senator Cox, a distinguished mathematician and a woman of brilliance, maintains, however, that the reclamation program could not possibly have been successful. Clearly, therefore, the figures cited in the report cannot be accurate. The argument above exhibits an erroneous pattern of reasoning most similar to that exhibited by which one of the following?

A) Albert's father claims that Albert does not know where the spare car keys are hidden. Yesterday however, Albert reported that he had discovered the spare car keys in the garage toolbox, so his father's claim cannot be true.

B) Gloria's drama teacher claims that her policy is to give each student the opportunity to act in at least one play during the year but, since Gloria, who attended every class, reports that she was not given such an opportunity the teacher's claim cannot be true.

C) Amos claims that he can hold his breath under water for a full hour. Dr. Treviso, a cardiopulmonary specialist, has stated that humans are physiologically incapable of holding their breath for even half that long; so Amos' claim cannot be true.

D) Evelyn reports that she got home before midnight. Robert, who always knows the time, insists that she did not. If Robert is right, Evelyn could not possibly have listened to the late news; since she admits not having listened to the late news, her report cannot be true.

E) Moira, after observing the finish of the 60-kilometer bicycle race, reports that Lee won with Adams a distant third. Lomas, a bicycle engineering expert, insists, however, that Lee could not have won a race in which Adams competed; so Moira's report cannot be true.
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14 Jan 2009, 20:49
(E)
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15 Jan 2009, 06:38
i would've said B
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15 Jan 2009, 06:55
E
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15 Jan 2009, 14:42
E because both the stimulus and E does not tell the reason why they think program is not successful or Lee could not have won
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15 Jan 2009, 16:16
vscid wrote:
The report released by the interior ministry states that within the past 5 years the national land-reclamation program has created a 19 percent increase in arable land within the country. If these figures are accurate, the program has been a huge success. Senator Cox, a distinguished mathematician and a woman of brilliance, maintains, however, that the reclamation program could not possibly have been successful. Clearly, therefore, the figures cited in the report cannot be accurate. The argument above exhibits an erroneous pattern of reasoning most similar to that exhibited by which one of the following?

A) Albert's father claims that Albert does not know where the spare car keys are hidden. Yesterday however, Albert reported that he had discovered the spare car keys in the garage toolbox, so his father's claim cannot be true.

B) Gloria's drama teacher claims that her policy is to give each student the opportunity to act in at least one play during the year but, since Gloria, who attended every class, reports that she was not given such an opportunity the teacher's claim cannot be true.

C) Amos claims that he can hold his breath under water for a full hour. Dr. Treviso, a cardiopulmonary specialist, has stated that humans are physiologically incapable of holding their breath for even half that long; so Amos' claim cannot be true.

D) Evelyn reports that she got home before midnight. Robert, who always knows the time, insists that she did not. If Robert is right, Evelyn could not possibly have listened to the late news; since she admits not having listened to the late news, her report cannot be true.

E) Moira, after observing the finish of the 60-kilometer bicycle race, reports that Lee won with Adams a distant third. Lomas, a bicycle engineering expert, insists, however, that Lee could not have won a race in which Adams competed; so Moira's report cannot be true.

Before you move on to the answer choices it is extremely important to know what the flaw is. Here we have a math expert that claims its impossible for something to happen. So we can conclude because math whiz said it was impossible any claim that this event occurred is false.

A - This is a flaw that involves time (yesterday vs today).....so it is not the same
B - We're not told if the year is over or not. If the year is over then her claim is legit and no flaw is present
C - No flaw here since the person of interest is a cardio expert and since he's making a claim related to cardio his conclusion is not fallacious.
D - The word "if" eliminates any potential flaws
E - Is our winner since it contains the same flaw I discussed above.
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15 Jan 2009, 18:23
OA E.
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15 Jan 2009, 19:13
IMO E....two reasons one has been explained by Icandy...second one as per the stimulus third person is telling us about the program, therefore in the given option I think we have to find out somebody specialist in that profession who is telling us what would be the result and that is only in option E....

I was thinking abt option B also, however it is not correct because Gloria herself is telling us that she never got a chance to act in a drama....there might be different reasons behind it....and it doesn't mean that her drama teacher is wrong....

Re: CR-Senator Cox   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2009, 19:13
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# The report released by the interior ministry states that

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