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The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are

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The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are [#permalink] New post 23 Oct 2011, 09:51
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63% (01:51) correct 36% (00:59) wrong based on 102 sessions
The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it fell over the last two years.
A) which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it fell
B) which had increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it had fallen
C) which have increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after falling
D) with a 5 percent increase during the first 3 months of this year after falling
E) with a 5 percent increase during the first 3 months of this year after having fallen

This question came from the Official guide 12th ed. question #86 in SC
Can someone explain to me why the OA is right? I seem to have some trouble understanding when to use present perfect and past perfect tenses..
Thanks!
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Re: verb tense question [#permalink] New post 29 Oct 2011, 06:17
MadeInChinaa wrote:
The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it fell over the last two years.
A) which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it fell
B) which had increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it had fallen
C) which have increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after falling
D) with a 5 percent increase during the first 3 months of this year after falling
E) with a 5 percent increase during the first 3 months of this year after having fallen

This question came from the Official guide 12th ed. question #86 in SC
Can someone explain to me why the OA is right? I seem to have some trouble understanding when to use present perfect and past perfect tenses..
Thanks!


C wins. We need to use perfect tense to emphasize on difference in time frame. Which correctly refers to profits.
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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2011, 23:37
Please explain it further ....why not A ..is it because of over two .....which is indicating a period.
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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2011, 05:40
A) which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it fell

Past simple means that profits will no longer increase. This usage is wrong and not preferred as choice C, where present perfect expresses clearly the chronological event.
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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are [#permalink] New post 12 Dec 2011, 04:51
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Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are [#permalink] New post 26 Dec 2011, 23:08
which is a relative pronoun. Other relative are: which, that, who, whom, whose.

Here, which refers to profits. Therefore, which is supposed to be plural. now read the underlined part: which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it fell

'it' is wrong here. Rather than 'it', they would have been better, or the pronoun can be removed altogether as has been done in answer 'c'.

A) which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it fell

it is wrong. which refers to profits and 'it' is singular.

B) which had increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it had fallen
had has the same error. Had is used to singular.

C) which have increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after falling


D) with a 5 percent increase during the first 3 months of this year after falling
nonsensical

E) with a 5 percent increase during the first 3 months of this year after having fallen
nonsensical
Re: The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are   [#permalink] 26 Dec 2011, 23:08
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