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The results of the company s cost-cutting measures are

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The results of the company s cost-cutting measures are [#permalink] New post 18 Mar 2013, 03:49
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Question Stats:

85% (01:43) correct 15% (01:46) wrong based on 41 sessions
The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures are evident in its profi ts, which increased 5 percent during the fi rst 3 months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

(A) which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after they fell
(B) which had increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after they had fallen
(C) which have increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after falling
(D) with a 5 percent increase during the first 3 months of this year after falling
(E) with a 5 percent increase during the first 3 months of this year after having fallen


Please back your answers with explanation :)
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Re: The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures [#permalink] New post 18 Mar 2013, 09:49
ratinarace wrote:
The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures are evident in its profi ts, which increased 5 percent during the fi rst 3 months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

(A) which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after they fell
(B) which had increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after they had fallen
(C) which have increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after falling
(D) with a 5 percent increase during the first 3 months of this year after falling
(E) with a 5 percent increase during the first 3 months of this year after having fallen


"which" is correctly used and better than "with".
So D E out.

(A) which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after they fell
The verbs do not give a good idea of the sequence of the events. The simple past ("increased" and "fell") is used to describe "short" actions, in this case we are talking of what the profits did "during the first 3 months" and "over the last two years".
(B) which had increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after they had fallen.
"they had fallen over the last two years" is correct, this is an action that occurred over a long period of time in the past and is now over.
However, again, parallelism doesn't give us a good idea of the sequence of the events. And moreover "which had increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year" is not logically correct; I would change it maybe to "which have increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year", to because this action is recent and maybe is still "happening".
(C) which have increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after falling.
"have increased" is the correct verb, as I explained above. "after falling" clearly explains the sequence.

IMO C
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Re: The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures [#permalink] New post 18 Mar 2013, 10:13
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i dont think this question is accurate for the option A is not matching with the first choice so may be this question has been manipulated

also as pointed out by
Quote:
zarrolou wrote : which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after they fell
The verbs do not give a good idea of the sequence of the events. The simple past ("increased" and "fell") is used to describe "short" actions, in this case we are talking of what the profits did "during the first 3 months" and "over the last two years".



we dont need any sequencing of events here. sequence of events is pretty clear :3 months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

the real reason is coz literal reading of A gives a nonsensical meaning :when we talking of "over last 2 years" then we need to use present perfect. also literal reading of A gives a notion that profits literally fell over the the two years !!(not possible )
thats the reason option C is correct

Last edited by aditya8062 on 18 Mar 2013, 10:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures [#permalink] New post 18 Mar 2013, 10:18
ratinarace wrote:
The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures are evident in its profi ts, which increased 5 percent during the fi rst 3 months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

(A) which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after they fell
(B) which had increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after they had fallen
(C) which have increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after falling
(D) with a 5 percent increase during the first 3 months of this year after falling
(E) with a 5 percent increase during the first 3 months of this year after having fallen


Please back your answers with explanation :)


Note: there is error in Answer Choice A

Correct Answer E since it uses past participle correctly "having fallen"
Choice C and B uses increased 5% which is incorrect idiom

Choice A and B has pronoun errors
Choice C and D uses ing verb which has modifying error

Please reveal OA
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Re: The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures [#permalink] New post 18 Mar 2013, 14:34
OA is C. Saw it in another thread.

It makes sense. Ae need present perfect tense so D and E re out. A and B are clearly awkward
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Re: The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures [#permalink] New post 18 Mar 2013, 21:31
official answer indeed is C.

...Thank you all for your inputs

@aditya, @sdasI actually have manipulated the original question, removing the pronoun error from option A and B..
My purpose of doing so is to understand the difference between option A and option C purely on the basis of the verbs.....coming back to the doubt that I have

in option A, doesn't the use of "after" clarifies the sequencing? or is it that we need past perfect here?? @aditya...yes I feel we need to clearly identify the sequencing as there are two events increased and fell both happening in the past
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Re: The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures [#permalink] New post 18 Mar 2013, 22:05
Sequence is clear by "after" so perfect tense not needed. However, I am not convinced on the idiom part of "which have increased 5%". Also "falling" in the sentence is it clearly modifying profits?
Aditya can you please post the link of the other discussion of this answer.
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Re: The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures [#permalink] New post 18 Mar 2013, 22:10
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Quote:
Aditya can you please post the link of the other discussion of this answer.

not sure what u asking !!
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Re: The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures [#permalink] New post 18 Mar 2013, 22:18
Ivan91 wrote:
OA is C. Saw it in another thread.

It makes sense. Ae need present perfect tense so D and E re out. A and B are clearly awkward


Ivan can you post the link to the other thread.

Sorry Aditya, it was for Ivan
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Re: The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures   [#permalink] 18 Mar 2013, 22:18
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