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The results of the companys cost-cutting measures are [#permalink]
10 Jan 2006, 17:49

00:00

A

B

C

D

E

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

50% (02:01) correct
50% (00:00) wrong based on 2 sessions

The results of the companyâ€™s cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell over the last two years.
(A) which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell
(B) which had increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it had fallen
(C) which have increased five percent during the first three months of this year after falling
(D) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after falling
(E) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after having fallen

The results of the companyâ€™s cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

Bold part is an independent clause. We require "which" as conjunction. So D and E are out.

A and B are out because of wrong tense. We require present perfect tense. C satisfies that.
_________________

The results of the companyâ€™s cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

Companyâ€™s cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, so we need to give some example as to why it is so.

Option D is giving such example by stating "with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after falling".
D is simple and concise.

..for me its a fight betwn C & E.
but in E "with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after having fallen" its not clear if its modifying Results or profits. So I vote for C .....even though I am not sure abt. C's tense construction.

have increased - the present perfect is required because this is a event that started in past (i.e first 3 months of this year) and still true ( i.e. this year is not over yet)

"which" is required to qualify that the 5 percent increase was in profits, therefore D & E are out

A - uses simple past which implies the increase is not longer true
B - uses past perfect - hence out ..

Re: The results of the companys cost-cutting measures are [#permalink]
17 Oct 2012, 11:29

gmacvik wrote:

The results of the companyâ€™s cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell over the last two years. (A) which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell (B) which had increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it had fallen (C) which have increased five percent during the first three months of this year after falling (D) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after falling (E) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after having fallen

I was wondering if the experts can help me out with a slight modification of option A.

If the pronoun-antecedent error was taken care of, would option A be correct?

Modified version:

Quote:

The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased five percent during the first three months of this year, after they fell over the last two years.

Note that I have NOT used the present perfect "have increased" from option C since the word "after they fell" indicates timing properly.

gmatclubot

Re: The results of the companys cost-cutting measures are
[#permalink]
17 Oct 2012, 11:29