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The results of the companys cost-cutting measures are

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The results of the companys cost-cutting measures are [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2007, 14:42
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Question Stats:

70% (02:15) correct 30% (01:29) wrong based on 64 sessions

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The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

(A) which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell

(B) which had increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it had fallen

(C) which have increased five percent during the first three months of this year after falling

(D) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after falling

(E) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after having fallen
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The results of the companys cost-cutting measures are [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2007, 15:12
buckkitty wrote:
The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell over the last two years.
(A) which increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it fell
(B) which had increased five percent during the first three months of this year after it had fallen
(C) which have increased five percent during the first three months of this year after falling
(D) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after falling
(E) with a five percent increase during the first three months of this year after having fallen


Profits -> plural.

we need the non-essential modifier which to correctly modify the profits. So I will pick C for the correct use of the modifier and subject-verb agreement.
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New post 09 Feb 2007, 15:15
Hmm, I was leaning towards E. I think the use of which is wrong here, since that part of the sentence conveys information that is essential.

Besides, the subject seems to be results and not profits. But now Im confused. I still have a long way to go with SC...:(
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New post 09 Feb 2007, 15:23
hsampath wrote:
Hmm, I was leaning towards E. I think the use of which is wrong here, since that part of the sentence conveys information that is essential.
(


An essential modifier 'that' is used only when we identify the noun by its characteristics. 'which' is used when the characteristics of the noun are not used to identify the noun and when the characteristics are purely informative.

In this case, we are talking about the company's profits and the profits happened to have increased. It is not that there are multiple types of profits for a company and we want to refer only to a specific kind of profits, which have increased.
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New post 09 Feb 2007, 17:44
hsampath wrote:
Hmm, I was leaning towards E. I think the use of which is wrong here, since that part of the sentence conveys information that is essential.

Besides, the subject seems to be results and not profits. But now Im confused. I still have a long way to go with SC...:(


E would be a sentence fragment as the clause "The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits" is independent

so we need a relative pronoun which

C does it
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New post 09 Feb 2007, 17:58
trivikram wrote:
hsampath wrote:
Hmm, I was leaning towards E. I think the use of which is wrong here, since that part of the sentence conveys information that is essential.

Besides, the subject seems to be results and not profits. But now Im confused. I still have a long way to go with SC...:(


E would be a sentence fragment as the clause "The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits" is independent

so we need a relative pronoun which

C does it


Thanks ncprasad and trivikram. I re-read E and I see where I went wrong, it isnt even a complete sentence!
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New post 10 Feb 2007, 01:56
I am leaning towards D)

In E), the usage 'after having fallen over the last two years' seems to be little awkward.
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New post 10 Feb 2007, 13:53
C - clearly is the correct answer; the S/V agreement and tenses flow better "increased..." to "falling..."
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New post 13 Feb 2007, 07:45
OA is C.

as explained by ncprasad.
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New post 22 Jul 2007, 12:35
Does this sentence not require past perfect (comparing two situations in the past). In that case is C correct.
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New post 10 Dec 2015, 21:17
The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

(A) which increased 5% during the first 3 months of this year after it fell
(B) which had increased 5% during the first 3 months of this year after it had fallen
(C) which have increased 5% during the first 3 months of this year after falling
(D) with a 5% increase during the first 3 months of this year after falling
(E) with a 5% increase during the first 3 months of this year after having fallen

Could someone tell me why it is C please? I would have thought it was past perfect tense and hence, B.

Thanks.
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New post 10 Dec 2015, 22:56
Expert's post
emma4bschool wrote:
The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

(A) which increased 5% during the first 3 months of this year after it fell
(B) which had increased 5% during the first 3 months of this year after it had fallen
(C) which have increased 5% during the first 3 months of this year after falling
(D) with a 5% increase during the first 3 months of this year after falling
(E) with a 5% increase during the first 3 months of this year after having fallen

Could someone tell me why it is C please? I would have thought it was past perfect tense and hence, B.

Thanks.


Hi,
firstly reasons why B is not correct..

1) 'It' cannot refer to plural 'profits'....

2) the very reason you assume it to be the answer,.. 'past perfect "had".'
there are clearly two events... increase of 5% and falling earlier..
logically the two incidents cannot contain ' past perfect'....
(B) which had increased 5% during the first 3 months of this year after it had fallen..

now why C is correct..
1) removes 'it' and brings in 'have'...
2) we can easily take the increase to have happened right now as it speaks of first three months of this year.. so have increased is ok
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Re: The results of the companys cost-cutting measures are [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2015, 00:47
Expert's post
emma4bschool wrote:
The results of the company's cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

(A) which increased 5% during the first 3 months of this year after it fell
(B) which had increased 5% during the first 3 months of this year after it had fallen
(C) which have increased 5% during the first 3 months of this year after falling
(D) with a 5% increase during the first 3 months of this year after falling
(E) with a 5% increase during the first 3 months of this year after having fallen

Could someone tell me why it is C please? I would have thought it was past perfect tense and hence, B.

Thanks.

The logical sequence of tenses says that if one event has happened before the other, perfect tense can be used.
However in the option B, both of the events use the perfect tense hence is not the correct option.

Moreover, Option B uses "it" for plural term profits.
Does this help?
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Re: The results of the companys cost-cutting measures are   [#permalink] 11 Dec 2015, 00:47
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