The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many

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The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2009, 02:45
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Question Stats:

74% (01:32) correct 26% (00:32) wrong based on 901 sessions

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The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost．
(A) The rising of costs
(B) Rising costs
(C) The rising cost
(D) Because the rising cost
(E) Because of rising costs

OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Guys I keep getting this question wrong.I have noticed I usually mess up where identification of singular/plural is reqd.Any idea on how I can impove upon it?
As to this question,"has" in the non underlined portion means we go the singular way and thus I keep choosing "b"..is'nt costs singular??
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2009, 03:44
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tejal777 wrote:
The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost．
(A) The rising of costs
(B) Rising costs
(C) The rising cost
(D) Because the rising cost
(E) Because of rising costs

Guys I keep getting this question wrong.I have noticed I usually mess up where identification of singular/plural is reqd.Any idea on how I can impove upon it?
As to this question,"has" in the non underlined portion means we go the singular way and thus I keep choosing "b"..is'nt costs singular??

why do you think that costs are singular?
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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2009, 03:56
tejal777 wrote:
Guys I keep getting this question wrong.I have noticed I usually mess up where identification of singular/plural is reqd.Any idea on how I can impove upon it?
As to this question,"has" in the non underlined portion means we go the singular way and thus I keep choosing "b"..is'nt costs singular??

No. The word "Costs" is plural.
http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/GRAMMAR/plurals.htm
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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2009, 06:04
Yes agreed that singular verb 'has' must have a singular subject. Which is correct A or C?

Doesn't C alter the meaning by saying that there is only 1 cost. 'The rising cost'
But if we stick with A instead, is 'rising of costs' idiomatic?

I would go with A....what is the OA please?
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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2009, 07:13

The 'cost' can describe multiple operations....
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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2009, 08:25
I would go with C

here we need to make sure that the whole sentence agrees in number and in tense

The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost．

as has is singular we need "cost" which is singular
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28 Jul 2009, 18:01
Costs is not singular here. I am confusing between verbs and nouns.

Plural Nouns are usually appended with s.

For ex:
Singular : cost
Plural: Costs

Inversely, verbs are opposite. Singular: Runs plural: Run.

Here , Cost is a noun and not verb.

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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2009, 12:43
hi.
what is wrong with A? the rising of costs is also singular.
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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2009, 14:51
Ayrish wrote:
hi.
what is wrong with A? the rising of costs is also singular.

I believe here Subject is Cost not the rising of cost.

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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2009, 16:23
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Let me take this wonderful opportunity as a best friend of you all and explain the intricacies of what I call - The Subject-verb-modifier/quantifier agreement rule.

verbs and modifiers such as adjectives/adverbs need to take different forms depending on singularity or plurality of the nouns and relative pronouns, especially for count and non-count nouns. for a count noun, the modifier becomes plural and thereby verb needs to be plural, likeways with non-count nouns. sometimes quantifier/modifier is singular such as each, every etc while the noun may be a count noun or plural in nature, verb becomes singular following the quantifier/modifier. Also, a conjunction such as "and" is required between two singular nouns to create a plural verb. sometimes, quantifiers may be used incorrectly. replacing with appropriate quantifier may solve the sentence correction.

In the given sentence, noun is operations (countable) but quantifier is assigned to cost (verb) and that is rising (adverb). Rising is singular so "costs" has to become singular. Also, there is no hard-and-fast rule that nouns alone can be subjects of the sentences. The "of" is connecting the actual intent of the sentence with something related to it - "The rising cost of data-processing operations" thereby, "rising cost" becomes the subject, which is entirely singular and therefore, "has" is used.

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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2009, 17:25
tejal777 wrote:
The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost．
(A) The rising of costs
(B) Rising costs
(C) The rising cost
(D) Because the rising cost
(E) Because of rising costs

C IMO.

(A) The rising of costs

I think to use the plural "costs" there would have to be data-processing operations and something else

(B) Rising costs

Same as above

(C) The rising cost

This is my choice.

(D) Because the rising cost

Incoherent.

(E) Because of rising costs

Incoherent.
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25 Nov 2009, 21:25
we're all doomed it you plan on going to a public b-school
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06 Sep 2011, 18:46
Yes the right answer is C. Cost is singular and cost is to be only used. I would like some to reply why it cannot be D. When should we use because.
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06 Sep 2011, 23:07
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"The rising of cost" ( a singular subject ) ........ has(singular verb) ........

so clearly the answer is C

Even if you consider ' of ... operations ' -- a raise in their price is still a singular subject

so C is undoubtedly correct
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07 Sep 2011, 03:03
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Costs is plural. So to fit with has only A or C will be right.

A sounds awkward to me. A of B of C.
We have a better option in answer choice . i.e C.
Rising cost is more appropriate than A. ( though A is grammatically correct too)

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13 Mar 2012, 17:18
I have chosen C for this question:

A. "The rising of costs" is wordy. Also, "rising" is the subject of the sentence and does not make sense with "has created."

B. Subject verb agreement error - costs does not agree with the singular "has created."

C. This is the correct answer. Subject verb agreement is obeyed.

D. "Because" introduces a subordinate clause, but there is no independent clause to finish off the sentence. Therefore, this is a sentence fragment.

E. "Because" creates a sentence fragment. Also, "costs" is plural and does not agree with the singular "has created."
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31 Mar 2012, 15:21
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15 Sep 2012, 01:00
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I study the video multiple times but not understand Why A is wrong.

Pls, explain fully Why A is wrong? e-gmat expert. pls
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15 Sep 2012, 05:16
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thangvietnam wrote:
I study the video multiple times but not understand Why A is wrong.

Pls, explain fully Why A is wrong? e-gmat expert. pls

If you read the sentence after cutting the flab - eg cutting off participal phrases, adjectives and focusing only on the Subject - predicate - structure.

The sentence reads - The Rising [of Costs] ----XXXXXx---YYYYYY---created a growing opportunity - ZZZZZ---ZZZZ to provide same services more efficiently and at lower cost.

Now when you read this - Subject is "The rising", doer action is "created" - now rising on its own cannot create anything, thats incomplete.

So as a proper subject to the verb "created" - option C provides us a complete subject - "The rising cost" created a growing opportunity to provide same services more efficiently and at lower cost!!!

Hope it makes clear for you now.
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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2012, 02:36
methevoid wrote:
thangvietnam wrote:
I study the video multiple times but not understand Why A is wrong.

Pls, explain fully Why A is wrong? e-gmat expert. pls

If you read the sentence after cutting the flab - eg cutting off participal phrases, adjectives and focusing only on the Subject - predicate - structure.

The sentence reads - The Rising [of Costs] ----XXXXXx---YYYYYY---created a growing opportunity - ZZZZZ---ZZZZ to provide same services more efficiently and at lower cost.

Now when you read this - Subject is "The rising", doer action is "created" - now rising on its own cannot create anything, thats incomplete.

So as a proper subject to the verb "created" - option C provides us a complete subject - "The rising cost" created a growing opportunity to provide same services more efficiently and at lower cost!!!

Hope it makes clear for you now.

E-gmat and methevoid,
Is A also wrong because of the construction:

X of Y of Z

I vaguely remember reading in manhattan forums that such a construction is avoided by GMAT.
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Re: The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many   [#permalink] 25 Nov 2012, 02:36

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